Guner, ES | Watanabe, M | Kadosaka, T | Polat, E | Gargili, A | Gulanber, A | Masuzawa, T
Article | 2005 | EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION133 ( 2 ) , pp.331 - 336
An expedition across the Asian part of the Black Sea coast and national parks of Northern Turkey was organized in the summer of 2001 to investigate the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), Lyme borrellosis agent, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis agent, in wild mice. A total of 65 Apodemus./flavicollis, Apodemus sylvalicus, Microtus epiroticus, Crocidura suaveolens and Mus macedonicus, were captured. Two out of 22 Apodemus sylvaticus specimens were seropositive for B. afzelli by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as confirmed by Western blotting, however cultures of skin and bladder samples . . . from all small mammals in Barbour-Stoenner-Kelly's medium-II remained negative for B. burgdorferi s.l. All sera tested were negative for Anaplasina phagocytophilum by indirect immunofluorescent assay. The prevalence of B. burgolorferi s.l. and Antiplasma phagocytophilum is low in wild mice of the Asian part of Northern Turkey Daha fazlası Daha az
Baydere, Ş. | Havinga, P.J.M.
Editorial | 2005 | Proceedings of the Second European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, EWSN 20052005 , pp.331 - 336
lEEE Communications Society 2nd European Workshop onWireless Sensor Networks, EWSN 2005 -- 31 January 2005 through 2 February 2005 -- Istanbul -- 67451
G. Kucuk | O. Ergin | D. Ponomarev | K. Ghose
Conference Object | 2005 | IEE Proceedings: Computers and Digital Techniques152 ( 6 ) , pp.739 - 746
Modern microprocessor designs implement register renaming using register alias tables (RATs) which maintain the mapping between architectural and physical registers. Because of the non-trivial power that is dissipated in a disproportionately small area, the power density in the RAT is significantly higher than in some other datapath components. Mechanisms are proposed to reduce the RAT power and the power density by exploiting the fundamental observation that most of the generated register values are used by the instructions in close proximity to the instruction producing a value. The first technique disables the RAT lookup for a so . . .urce register if that register is a destination of an earlier instruction dispatched in the same cycle. The second technique eliminates some of the remaining RAT read accesses, even if the source register value is produced by an instruction dispatched in an earlier cycle. This is done by buffering a small number of recent register address translations in a set of external latches and satisfying some RAT lookup requests from these latches. The net result of applying both techniques is a 30% reduction in the RAT energy with no performance penalty, little additional complexity and no cycle time degradation. © IEE, 2005 Daha fazlası Daha az
Caluwaerts, S. | Amant, F. | Vergote, I. | Baykal, C.
Letter | 2005 | International Journal of Gynecological Cancer15 ( 5 ) , pp.986 - 988
[No abstract available]
Article | 2005 | ARCADIA40 ( 2 ) , pp.300 - 317
The literatures of migrant German-Turkish and Anglo-Indian writers reveal important analogies and differences. The treatment starts with the introduction of the most important representatives of German writers of Turkish origin. The second part discusses The Anglo-Indian literature, ana),sing works by Anglophone authors of Indian origin, such as R. K. Narayan, Salman Rushdie and others. Socio-historical as well as political conditions of migration shape The German-Turkish and Anglo-Indian literatures.
Papuccuoglu, H. | Borak, F.
Article | 2005 | Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer19 ( 2 ) , pp.172 - 177
An alternative fragmentation theory is suggested for the triggering stage of the steam explosion phenomenon. When model equations are solved under conditions of large-scale steam explosion experiments, the heat transfer coefficient is calculated as 25.1 × 106 W · m -2K-1. It is shown that fast steam production based on the mentioned heat transfer coefficient can lead to the occurrence of a shock wave, which is one of the necessary conditions to have a large-scale steam explosion. Copyright © 2004 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved.
Akman, I | Arioglu, P | Altun, O | Sakalli, M | Ozek, E | Topuzoglu, A | Bereket, A
Conference Object | 2005 | PROCEEDINGS OF THE 7TH WORLD CONGRESS OF PERINATAL MEDICINE , pp.225 - 228
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal serum Zn levels and birth weight of the offspring and correlation of these with cord blood Zn, IGF-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) levels. 22 term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and 34 term appropriate-for-gestational -age (AGA) babies and their mothers have been evaluated. There was no significant difference between the IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels and birthweight of the babies of the mothers with and without Zn deficiency. A correlation was found between the birthweight, IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels, BMI of the mother and weight gain of t . . .he mother during pregnancy ( Daha fazlası Daha az
Say, E.C. | Nakajima, M. | Senawongse, P. | Soyman, M. | Özer, F. | Tagami, J.
Article | 2005 | Operative Dentistry30 ( 1 ) , pp.90 - 98
This study aimed to evaluate the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of photo- and dual-cure adhesives to sound and caries-affected dentin using total- and self-etch techniques. Human third molars with occlusal caries were prepared as previously described by Nakajima and others (1995). Dentin surfaces were bonded with Optibond Solo Plus (Kerr; photo-cure adhesive) or Optibond Solo Plus + Dual-cure activator (Kerr; dual-cure adhesive) with total- and self-etch technique. Clearfil AP-X (Kuraray) was used for composite buildups. Following storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours, the teeth were sectioned into 0.7-mm thick slices t . . .o obtain sound and caries-affected dentin slabs, then trimmed to form hour glass shapes with a 1 mm2 cross-sectional area. The specimens were subjected to microtensile testing using EZ-test (Shimadzu) at 1 mm/minute. Data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and Student's t-Test (p<0.05). Bond strengths to sound dentin with photo- and dual-cure adhesives using total- and self-etch techniques were significantly higher than those to caries-affected dentin. Dual-cure adhesive significantly decreased bond strengths both to sound and caries-affected dentin. The total-etch technique showed no beneficial effect on caries-affected dentin compared with the self-etch technique. Scanning electron microscopic observation of the resin-dentin interfaces revealed that hybrid layers in caries-affected dentin were thicker than those observed in sound dentin with photo- and dual-cure adhesives. Resin infiltration into dentinal tubules of caries-affected dentin was hampered by the presence of mineral deposits. © Operative Dentistry, 2005 Daha fazlası Daha az
Benderli, Y. | Gökçe, K. | Kazak, M.
Article | 2005 | Journal of Oral Rehabilitation32 ( 9 ) , pp.669 - 675
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surface micromorphology of resin modified glass-ionomer cements and flowable compomers. In the study two resin modified glass-ionomers and two flowable compomers were used to prepare standardized 20 cylinderic samples. Samples were divided into four groups. Surface treatments with APF gel for experimental groups (group B,C,D) or distilled water as a control (group A) were performed four times. In group B, only APF gel was applied. In group C, after the APF gel application, the samples were immersed into the demineralizing and remineralizing solutions. In group D, before the APF gel appli . . .cation, the buffer solution was applied. The examinations of the surface micromorphology of the materials were made by using scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results showed that in group B all of the materials except Compoglass Flow, and in group C all of the materials showed erratic behaviours. In group D, severe erratic effect (score 2) was obtained on the surfaces of Vivaglassliner and Dyract Flow, and for the others score 1 signals were found. The moderate degradation was obtained by applying of only APF gel on the surfaces of both material groups. The addition of pH circulation caused increasing of micromorphologic changes on the surfaces of all materials. The effect of application of buffer solution on the surfaces before APF gel changed according to the materials. If acidulated fluoride gel is preferred for prophylactic therapy in patients' mouth, for the success, either buffer or neutral fluoride have to be applied on the restored teeth by resin based materials before acidulated fluoride application. © 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az
Guclu, B. | Ozturk, A.K. | Pricola, K.L. | Seker, A. | Ozek, M. | Gunel, M.
Article | 2005 | Stroke36 ( 11 ) , pp.2479 - 2480
Background and Purpose - Pathogenesis of cerebral venous malformation (CVM) is unknown. Because of coexistence of CVM and cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM), some studies have suggested that these 2 entities share a common origin and pathogenetic mechanism. Methods - We have identified and ascertained over 200 families with CCM. Among these, 1 unique family was found to have members affected by both disorders. We have performed mutational analysis in all 3 CCM genes, KRIT1, Malcavernin, and PDCD10, to identify the causative gene in the family. Results - Mutational analysis revealed a frameshift mutation affecting exon 19 of the . . .CCM1 gene (KRIT1) in members with CCM, whereas no such mutation was observed in the member with CVM. Conclusions - These findings support the hypothesis that CVM and CCM are 2 distinct entities with different pathogenetic mechanisms. This data further supports the hypothesis that CVM has a distinct biology and clinical behavior when compared to CCM. CVM is a benign developmental anomaly and should be managed separately from CCM. © 2005 American Heart Association, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az
Yapici, N. | Yilmaz, C. | Aykaç, Z.
Article | 2005 | Gogus-Kalp-Damar Anestezi ve Yogun Bakim Dernegi Dergisi11 ( 2 ) , pp.48 - 54
Transient ischemic attack, transient neurologic deficit and progresive or completed stroke are the most probably causes of mortalitiy and morbidity in elderly. Carotid endarterectomy is preventive surgery for decreasing embolic and thrombotic stroke incidence, mortality and morbidity. The objectives of the anesthesia and surgery in these patients are those; to continue maintaining O2 delivery to ischemic brain tissue, to predict and determine the stroke or transient ischemic neurologic destruction and to take the preventive measures. Furthermore, prevention of myocardial infarction in these patients is one of the important end-point . . .s. Recently, cervical plexus blockadge and cervical epidural anesthesia are thought to have more advantages than general anesthesia in carotid endarterectomy management. However we recommend that the choice of anesthetic technique should consider the preference of the surgeon and the experience and expertise of the anesthesiologist Daha fazlası Daha az