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SILS incisional hernia repair: Is it feasible in giant hernias? A report of three cases

Sumer, A. | Barbaros, U. | Demirel, T. | Deveci, U. | Tukenmez, M. | Cansunar, M.I. | Mercan, S.

Article | 2011 | Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy

Aim. Three incisional ventral abdominal wall hernias were repaired by placing a 20 30cm composite mesh via single incision of 2cm. Methods. All three cases had previous operations and presented with giant incisional defects clinically. The defects were repaired laparoscopically via single incision with the placement of a composite mesh of 20 30cm. Nonabsorbable sutures were needed to hang and fix the mesh only in the first case. Double-crown technique was used in all of the cases to secure the mesh to the anterior abdominal wall. Results. The mean operation time was 120 minutes. The patients were mobilized and led for oral intake at . . . the first postoperative day. No morbidity occurred. Conclusion. Abdominal incisional hernias can be repaired via single incision with a mesh application in experienced centers. © 2011 Umut Barbaros et al Daha fazlası Daha az

The determination of airborne fungal flora of two different hospitals in Istanbul (Turkey)

Colakoglu, G. | Karalti, I.

Article | 2011 | Advances in Environmental Biology5 ( 11 ) , pp.3645 - 3652

The current study was carried out on monthly fungal flora of Marmara University Hospital and Goztepe Education and Research Hospital in Istanbul between 2005 and 2006. The Petri-plate method based on gravity was used for isolation. A total of 175 fungal colonies were isolated from Marmara University Hospital and the maximum isolation was in May and the minimum isolation was in February. Species isolated from Marmara University Hospital; are Cladosporium (42.9%), Alternaria (18.9%), Penicillium (12.6%), Aureobasidium (11.4%), Aspergillus (6.9%), Mycelia Sterilia (4.6%), Scopulariopsis (1.7%), Rhizopus (0.6%) and Ulocladium (0.6%). A . . .total of 182 fungal colonies were isolated in Goztepe Education and Research Hospital and the maximum isolation was in May and the minimum isolation was in January. Isolated species are; Cladosporium (32.4%), Alternaria (24.2%), Penicillium (15.9%), Aureobasidium (9.3%), Aspergillus (7.1%), Scopulariopsis (3.8%), Ulocladium (3.3%), Mycelia Sterilia (2.7%), Rhizopus (0.5%) and Paecilomyces (0.5%). A number of fungal species with pathogenic potential were encountered among the species isolated in this study. The results obtained from the species distribution showed that there were no differences between the two hospitals Daha fazlası Daha az

Granules of brushite and octacalcium phosphate from marble

Tas, A.C.

Article | 2011 | Journal of the American Ceramic Society94 ( 11 ) , pp.3722 - 3726

Brushite (DCPD, dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, CaHPO4· 2H2O) and octacalcium phosphate (OCP, Ca8(HPO 4)2(PO4)4·5H2O) granules with millimeter sizes were prepared by using marble (calcium carbonate) granules as the starting material. The method of this study simply comprised of soaking the marble granules in aqueous solutions containing phosphate and/or calcium ions at temperatures between 20° and 37°C. This process did not cause any size change between the initial marble and final brushite or octacalcium phosphate granules. Such DCPD and OCP granules could be useful in maxillofacial, dental, and orthopedic void/bone defect filling a . . .nd grafting applications. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. © 2011 The American Ceramic Society Daha fazlası Daha az

An Unusual Cause of a Cystic Lesion with an Osteochondral Defect in the Talus Intraosseous Lipoma

Atay, EF | Guven, M | Cakar, M | Bassorgun, CI | Akman, B | Bes, C


An intraosseous lipoma is a rare benign bone lesion that proliferates from mature lipocytes. It occurs most frequently in the lower limb, particularly in the calcaneus. The talus is an unusual location for this rare lesion. A review of the literature produced only two reports with talar intraosseous lipomas under the name of intraosseous lipomatosis, which described multiple lipomas in different areas. We describe a 38-year-old male patient who had an isolated intraosseous lipoma with an osteochondral defect in the talus and was treated with autologous osteochondral graft transplantation by medial malleolar osteotomy. He could walk . . .with full weightbearing without any assistance at the end of 12 months. Intraosseous lipoma localized in the talus may be confused radiologically with other bone lesions, especially with unicameral bone cyst, if it is associated with an osteochondral defect. Autologous osteochondral graft transplantation is a successful treatment method for talar intraosseous lipoma. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 101(3): 269-274, 2011 Daha fazlası Daha az

Carcinosarcoma of the bladder: Case report and review of the literature

Akoluk, A. | Barazani, Y. | Slova, D. | Shah, S. | Tareen, B.

Article | 2011 | Journal of the Canadian Urological Association5 ( 4 ) , pp.69 - 73

Primary osteosarcomas of the bladder account for about 0.04% of bladder neoplasms. Most of the patients in the literature expired within 6 months and, in almost all of the cases in the literature, radical cystectomy with postoperative chemotherapy was the treatment choice. A 79-year-old gentleman presented with gross hematuria. Cystoscopy demonstrated a 2- to 3-cm tumour along the lateral wall of the bladder. The tumour was resected incompletely via initial transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT), and a second TURBT was subsequently performed to fully resect the residual mass. Surgical pathology from these 2 resections rev . . .ealed osteosarcoma with invasion into the muscularis propria. A cystoprostatectomy was performed and final pathologic specimen revealed high-grade CIS without evidence of residual osteosarcoma. Postoperatively, the patient did not receive chemotherapy or radiation and currently remains disease-free 2 years post-radical cystectomy. Only 33 well-documented cases of primary osteosarcoma of the bladder have been reported to date. However, there are only 3 cases in which TURBT resulted in complete resection. © 2011 Canadian Urological Association Daha fazlası Daha az

On the role of morphological richness in the early development of noun and verb inflection

A. Xanthos | S. Laaha | S. Gillis | U. Stephany | A. Aksu-Koç | A. Christofidou | W.U. Dressler

Article | 2011 | First Language31 ( 4 ) , pp.461 - 479

This study proposes a new methodology for determining the relationship between child-directed speech and child speech in early acquisition. It illustrates the use of this methodology in investigating the relationship between the morphological richness of child-directed speech and the speed of morphological development in child speech. Both variables are defined in terms of mean size of paradigm (MSP) and estimated in a set of longitudinal spontaneous speech corpora of nine children and their caretakers. The children are aged 1;3-3;0, acquiring nine different languages that vary in terms of morphological richness. The main result is . . .that the degree of morphological richness in child-directed speech is positively related to the speed of development of noun and verb paradigms in child speech. © SAGE Publications 2011 Daha fazlası Daha az

Emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy: A study of Turkish EFL pre-service teachers

Z. Koçoglu

Article | 2011 | Teacher Development15 ( 4 ) , pp.471 - 484

This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy among 90 English language pre-service teachers from a university in Turkey. Data sources included Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk-Hoy's Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and Reuven Bar-On's Emotional Quotient Inventory. The findings indicated that Turkish EFL pre-service teachers felt more efficacious in managing the class rather than in making the class enjoyable. The findings also showed that the pre-service teachers scored highest in the stress tolerance and assertiveness competencies, but lowest in independence and self-regard in terms of e . . .motional intelligence (EQ). Findings revealed a significant, positive relationship between EQ and pre-service teachers' efficacy. The greatest correlation is between the interpersonal EQ subscale and the engagement efficacy subscale. On the other hand, both adaptability EQ scale and stress management EQ scale scores were not significantly correlated with the three efficacy subscales. © 2011 Teacher Development Daha fazlası Daha az

Towards an encompassing perspective on nationalisms: The case of Jews in Turkey during the Second World War, 1939-45

Ş. Dinçşahin | S.R. Goodwin

Article | 2011 | Nations and Nationalism17 ( 4 ) , pp.843 - 862

This article focuses on the plight of the Jews in Turkey during the Second World War, with the intention of analysing specific historical events through the lenses of leading theories of nationalism. First we review recent developments in historiography that contribute the framework for understanding both the hermeneutical possibilities and limitations when addressing historical texts. Then we employ three theories of nationalism - the ethno-symbolist, instrumentalist and social constructivist - as a means of analysing and interpreting the historical events of the Jewish predicament vis-à-vis the Republic of Turkey. We conclude by s . . .uggesting what impact our findings may have on the narratives from this time period, and the way in which we can understand narratives today. © ASEN/Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2011 Daha fazlası Daha az


Ozgur, B


This paper is going to be centred on how learners' autonomy can be fostered. In the literature part of this paper it is stated that the development autonomous learning plays a crucial role in learning process. Autonomy is about how people control their own lives, so when teaching/learning process is taken for granted, teachers create an environment that the students feel themselves autonomous. So autonomy is analyzed both from the teachers' and students' perspective. It analyzes whether the students are independent or not throughout the learning process. The scope of the research is to analyze the teachers' perspectives towards lear . . .ner autonomy during the class activities. For that purpose the literature part of that research paper is based on teachers' perspective towards their learners' autonomy. The empirical research is conducted on one of main private university in Istanbul. Convenient quota sampling has been used. 37 English Language Teachers covering a wide-range of departments participated in the research. The questionnaire is in Likert Scale form from strongly agree to strongly disagree and a space is provided on the questionnaire in order to analyze participants' opinions. Additionally correlation analyses and mean results are found, the results of the questionnaires are correlated with the findings of the literature review. The participants are given a questionnaire that analyzes how teachers assess their learners in terms of they are autonomous or not. The findings reveal that teachers have a significant effect on autonomous learning is general Daha fazlası Daha az

Do cell culture solutions transform brushite (CaHPO4 2H 2O) to octacalcium phosphate (Ca8(HPO4) 2(PO4)4 5H2O)?

Mert, I. | Mandel, S. | Tas, A.C.

Conference Object | 2011 | Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings32 ( 6 ) , pp.79 - 93

The purpose of this study was to investigate the transformation of brushite (dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, DCPD, CaHPO4 2H2O) powders at 36.5 C in DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) solutions. Two sets of brushite powders with different particle shapes were synthesized to use in the above DMEM study. The first of these brushite powders was prepared by using a method which consisted of stirring calcite (CaCO3) powders in a solution of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (NH4H2PO 4) from 6 to 60 minutes at room temperature. These powders were found to consist of dumbbells of water lily-shaped crystals. The second one of the brushite p . . .owders had the common flat plate morphology. Both powders were separately tested in DMEM-immersion experiments. Monetite (DCPA, CaHPO 4) powders were synthesized with a unique water lily morphology by heating the water lily-shaped brushite crystals at 200 C for 2h. Brushite powders were found to transform into octacalcium phosphate (OCP, Ca 8(HPO4)2(PO4)4 5H 2O) upon soaking in DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) solutions at 36.5 C over a period of 1 day to 1 week. Brushite powders were known to transform into apatite when immersed in synthetic (simulated) body fluid (SBF) solutions. This study found that DMEM solutions are able to convert brushite into OCP, instead of apatite Daha fazlası Daha az

Retrospective analysis of clinical and pulmonary data in valve surgery

Ozyilmaz, S. | Demir, R. | Hatemi, A.C. | Ziyaettin, M. | Muammer, K. | Muammer, R. | Gurses, H.N.

Article | 2011 | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences27 ( 5 ) , pp.971 - 975

Objectives: The purpose of the current investigation was to assess the effect of surgery on clinical and pulmonary data in valve surgery (VS). Methodology: As a result of retrospective review performed between January and December, 2004, 30 patients' data were studied. Preoperative patients' characteristics, cardiac profiles, coronary risk factors, operative and postoperative data, pulmonary function tests (PFT) and respiratory muscle strength (RMS) measurements were collected. Results: Mean values of all predicted values of PFT and RMS were normal preoperatively. There was a significant decrease in FVC (p

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