Farooqi, A.A. | Khalid, S. | Tahir, F. | Sabitaliyevich, U.Y. | Yaylim, I. | Attar, Rukset | Xu, B.
Article | 2018 | Food and Chemical Toxicology119 , pp.98 - 105
Research over decades has progressively explored pharmacological actions of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia). Biologically and pharmacologically active molecules isolated from M. charantia have shown significant anti-cancer activity in cancer cell lines and xenografted mice. In this review spotlight was set on the bioactive compounds isolated from M. charantia that effectively inhibited cancer development and progression via regulation of protein network in cancer cells. We summarize most recent high-quality research work in cancer cell lines and xenografted mice related to tumor suppressive role-play of M. charantia and its bioac . . .tive compounds. Although M. charantia mediated health promoting, anti-diabetic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory effects have been extensively investigated, there is insufficient information related to regulation of signaling networks by bioactive molecules obtained from M. charantia in different cancers. M. charantia has been shown to modulate AKT/mTOR/p70S6K signaling, p38MAPK-MAPKAPK-2/HSP-27 pathway, cell cycle regulatory proteins and apoptosis-associated proteins in different cancers. However, still there are visible knowledge gaps related to the drug targets in different cancers because we have not yet developed comprehensive understanding of the M. charantia mediated regulation of signal transduction pathways. To explore these questions, experimental platforms are needed that can prove to be helpful in getting a step closer to personalized medicine. © 2018 Elsevier Lt
Farooqi, A.A. | Attar, Rukset | Qureshi, M.Z. | Fayyaz, S. | Sohail, M.I. | Sabitaliyevich, U.Y. | Alaaeddine, N.
Article | 2018 | Cellular and Molecular Biology64 ( 15 ) , pp.1 - 6
Based on the exciting insights gleaned from decades of ground-breaking research, it has become evident that deregulated signaling pathways play instrumental role in cancer development and progression. Interestingly discovery of non-coding RNAs has revolutionized our understanding related to transcription, post-transcription and translation. Modern era has witnessed landmark discoveries in the field of molecular cancer and non-coding RNA biology has undergone tremendous broadening. There has been an exponential growth in the list of publications related to non-coding RNAs and overwhelmingly increasing classes of non-coding RNAs are a . . .dding new layers of complexity to already complicated nature of cancer. Regulation of TGF/SMAD signaling by miRNAs and LncRNAs has opened new horizons for therapeutic targeting of TGF/SMAD pathway. In this review we have set spotlight on central role of LncRNAs in modulation of TGF/ SMAD pathway. Major proportion of the available evidence is underlining positive role of LncRNAs in contextual regulation of TGF/SMAD pathway. LncRNAs are vital to these regulatory networks because they provide a background support to make the TGF/SMAD mediated intracellular signaling more smooth or make transduction cascade more flexible in response to cues from extracellular environment. Therefore, in accordance with this notion, MALAT1, OIP5-AS1, MIR100HG, HOTAIR, ANRIL, PVT1, AFAP1-AS1, SPRY4-IT, ZEB2NAT, TUG1 and Lnc-SNHG1 have been reported to positively regulate TGF/SMAD signaling. In this review, we have focused on the regulation of TGF/SMAD signaling by LncRNAs and how these non-coding RNAs can be therapeutically exploited. Short-interfering RNA (siRNA) and natural products are currently being tested for efficacy against different LncRNAs. Nanotechnological strategies to efficiently deliver LncRNA-targeting siRNAs are also currently being investigated in different cancers. © 2018 by the C.M.B. Association. All rights reserved
Farooqi, A.A. | Attar, Rukset | Yaylim, I. | Qureshi, M.Z. | Todorovska, M. | Karatoprak, G.S. | Lin, X.
Article | 2018 | Cellular and Molecular Biology64 ( 11 ) , pp.102 - 107
Piperlongumine is a biologically and pharmacologically active constituent of the plant Piper longum. This compound is gradually gaining attention because of its ability to inhibit/prevent different cancers. Modern era of molecular oncology is incomplete without ground-breaking discoveries made in the field of cell signaling pathways. High-throughput technologies have considerably improved our understanding about wide ranging signal transduction cascades which play crucial role in cancer development and progression. It is exciting to note that piperlongumine has been shown to pleiotropically modulate different oncogenic signaling pat . . .hways. We partition this multi-component review into discrete sections and categorically summarize key findings related to excellent ability of piperlongumine to therapeutically target JAK-STAT, NF-kB and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways. We also set spotlight on regulation of TRAIL pathway and autophagy by piperlongumine in different cancers. On the basis of the current understanding of piperlongumine, molecular biologists and pharmacologists will develop the next generation of translational studies, which will prove to be helpful in improving the clinical outcome and getting a step closer to personalized medicine. © 2018 by the C.M.B. Association. All rights reserved
Lin, X. | Ozbey, U. | Sabitaliyevich, U.Y. | Attar, Rukset | Ozcelik, B. | Zhang, Y. | Farooqi, A.A.
Article | 2018 | Cellular and Molecular Biology64 ( 10 ) , pp.87 - 91
Maslinic acid (2?,3ß-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid) is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenic compound. Maslinic acid is gradually gaining attention as an excellent pharmacologically active product because of its premium biological properties. In this review we will focus on chemopreventive properties of Maslinic acid against different cancers. Seemingly, available data is limited and we have yet to unravel how Maslinic acid therapeutically targeted oncogenic cell signal transduction cascades in different cancers. Moreover, there are visible knowledge gaps about the ability of Maslinic acid to modulate oncogenic and tumor . . .suppressor microRNAs in various cancers. © 2018 by the C.M.B. Association
Halim, T.A. | Attar, Rukset | Donfrancesco, C. | Farooqi, A.A. | Zaman, F.
Book Part | 2018 | Recent Trends in Cancer Biology: Spotlight on Signaling Cascades and MicroRNAs: Cell Signaling Pathways and MicroRNAs in Cancer Biology , pp.1 - 10
Increasingly sophisticated information has started to shed light on essential role of signal transduction cascades in endometriosis and how these pathways promote transformations from benign to premalignant endometriosis. It is becoming progressively more understandable that genetic/epigenetic mutations, inactivation of tumor suppressors, aberrant expression of different microRNAs play decisive role in malignant transformation of endometriosis. © Springer International Publishing AG 2018.
Farooqi, A.A. | Jabeen, S. | Attar, Rukset | Yaylim, I. | Xu, B.
Review | 2018 | Journal of Cellular Biochemistry119 ( 12 ) , pp.9664 - 9674
Recent technological and analytical breakthroughs in genomics and proteomics have deepened our understanding related to the multifaceted nature of cancer. Because of therapeutically challenging nature of cancer, there has been a renewed interest in phytochemistry, and much attention is currently being given to the identification of signaling pathway inhibitors. Data obtained through high-throughput technologies has provided a broader landscape of wiring maps of complex oncogenic signaling networks, thus revealing novel therapeutic opportunities. Increasingly, it is being realized that although our knowledge related to physiological . . .and pathophysiological roles of signal transduction cascades has evolved rapidly, the clinical development of signaling pathway inhibitors has been challenging. Quercetin has attracted considerable attention because of its amazingly high pharmacological value. Research over decades has sequentially shown that quercetin effectively inhibited cancer development and progression. In this review, we have attempted to set the spotlight on the regulation of different cell signaling pathways by quercetin. We partition this multicomponent review into how quercetin effectively regulates the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription pathway, and vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling cascade in different types of cancers. We also provide an overview of the regulation of NOTCH and SHH pathways by quercetin. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have also emerged as versatile regulators of cancer, and contemporary studies have shed light on the ability of quercetin to control different miRNAs in various cancers. We have scattered information related to NOTCH and SHH pathways, and future studies must converge on the investigation of these pathways to see how quercetin modulates the signaling machinery of these pathways. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc