Dissolution of an Empire: Insights from the İstanbul Bourse and the Ottoman War Bond

Hanedar, A.Ö. | Hanedar, E.Y. | Torun, E. | Ertuğrul, H.M.

Article | 2018 | Defence and Peace Economics29 ( 5 ) , pp.557 - 575

During the transformation period of the Ottoman Empire leading to the Republic of Turkey, many conflicts took place between 1918 and 1923. These conflicts interrupted the servicing of the Ottoman war bond. The reimbursement likelihood of this bond was related to the outcomes of First World War and the hostilities. This paper analyses the impacts of First World War and hostilities on the risk assessments regarding the Ottoman war debt, using manually collected data on the price of the Ottoman war bond traded at the İstanbul bourse between 1918 and 1925. The empirical results imply that the defeat of the Bulgarian army and the peace o . . .ffer of Austria-Hungary were associated with the increasing premium demanded by investors of the bond. The victories of the Turkish National Movement and the peace offer of the Allies to end the hostilities by 1922 positively affected the likelihood of the servicing of the debt. © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

The impact of economic policy uncertainty on stock returns of Turkish tourism companies

E. Demir | O. Ersan

Letter | 2018 | Current Issues in Tourism21 ( 8 ) , pp.847 - 855

Economic policy uncertainty (EPU) has various implications for financial markets. This study examines the effects of EPU on stock prices of listed tourism companies in Turkey for the time period of 2002–2013. We show that EPU in Europe and Turkey has significant negative effects on tourism index returns. The finding reflects that stock returns of the Turkish tourism companies apparently depend on domestic and international economic uncertainty. Among the included macroeconomic variables, consumer confidence index is the only factor which has an impact on stock returns. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Regional integration and the economic geography of Belarus

Güney Celbis, M. | Wong, P.-H. | Guznajeva, T.

Article | 2018 | Eurasian Geography and Economics59 ( 03.04.2020 ) , pp.462 - 495

This study presents novel research on the economic geography of Belarus. The 118 regions of Belarus are examined in relation to the Eurasian Customs Union (EACU) through the period 2005–2014. Our estimation methods specifically take spatial and dynamic processes into account. We observe that EACU membership has corresponded to a slowdown in the process of regional economic convergence in Belarus, and intensified economic competition with a geographical dimension among regions. Furthermore, we find some evidence that urban and industrial regions, and regional clusters of private business activity have benefited more from the EACU rel . . .ative to less urbanized areas. Additionally, spatial clusters and outliers are identified and compared across the periods prior and after the establishment of the EACU. Our preferred estimation model results suggest half-lives of convergence of about 9.4 and 31.5 years for the pre-EACU and EACU periods, respectively. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

Differential effects of age of acquisition and frequency on memory: evidence from free recall of pictures and words in Turkish

Raman, I. | Raman, E. | İkier, S. | Kilecioğlu, E. | Uzun Eroğlu, D. | Zeyveli, Ş.

Article | 2018 | Writing Systems Research10 ( 1 ) , pp.1 - 14

The advantage of processing early over late acquired items in lexical and semantic tasks across a number of languages is well documented. Interestingly contradictory evidence has been reported in recall tasks where participants perform better overall on late acquired items compared to early acquired items in English. Moreover, free recall is modulated by frequency and list type in that studying pure lists of high-frequency words or low-frequency words typically leads to a recall advantage for high-frequency words. This recall advantage either disappears or is reversed when the same items are presented in mixed lists containing both . . .high- and low-frequency items. The current experiment aims to shed light on this discrepancy by exploring the influence of Age of Acquisition (AoA) and frequency on free recall on standardised pictures and their names in Turkish. Eighty Turkish-speaking participants were assigned to either the picture (N = 40) or word condition (N = 40) in which stimuli were presented in either a mixed or a pure list. Following a distractor task, participants were asked to recall as many items as they could remember from the list they viewed. The findings and their implications are discussed within the context of current cognitive frameworks. © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

Perceived sources and levels of stress, general self-efficacy and coping strategies in preclinical dental students

N. Ersan | S. Dölekoğlu | E. Fişekçioğlu | M. İlgüy | İ. Oktay

Article | 2018 | Psychology, Health and Medicine23 ( 5 ) , pp.567 - 577

Dental education programs are known to be highly stressful and stress can affect general health. The aims were to identify sources of stress among preclinical students and to evaluate their perceived levels of stress, self-efficacy and effective coping strategies in a private dental school. One hundred preclinical students in a Turkish private dental school were surveyed using dental environment stress (DES), perceived stress (PSS), general self-efficacy (G-SES) and brief coping scales (Brief-COPE). Age, gender, history of psychiatric treatment, factors that affected the choice of dentistry, choice rank of dental school, scholarship . . . and income was recorded. ‘Exams and grades’ followed by ‘Fear of failing course or year’ were found to be the most stressprovoking factors. The most and the least stressprovoking DES domains were ‘Workload’ and ‘Social stressors’, respectively. ‘Social stressors’ affected male more than female (p Daha fazlası Daha az

Reversing the Myth? Dystopian narratives of the EU in UKIP and front national discourse

MacMillan, C.

Article | 2018 | Journal of Contemporary European Studies26 ( 1 ) , pp.117 - 132

The paper examines the discourse of UK Independence Party (UKIP) and the Front National on the EU from the point of view of political myth. It is argued that the discourse of the two Eurosceptic parties reverses the founding myth of the EU as a quasi-utopian haven of peace and prosperity following the traumatic experiences of World War 2, where values such as democracy, freedom and human rights can flourish. In contrast, the Front National and UKIP depict the EU in dystopian terms, as an undemocratic, even totalitarian empire, through comparisons to literary dystopias, Nazi Germany and the former USSR. In this context, the two parti . . .es portray themselves as ‘dystopian heroes’ who rebel against the stifling autocratic regime to lead their peoples to a freer, more prosperous and democratic future outside the EU. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

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