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On-vehicle GPS antenna measurements

Yegin, K.

Article | 2007 | IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters6 , pp.488 - 491

Although GPS antennas are commonly used for vehicle applications, their on-vehicle gain patterns are not known well. Especially, when the antenna is mounted at locations other than the roof center, the antenna gain becomes directional at mid-to-low elevation angles. The goal of this letter is to investigate the GPS passive antenna performance at its actual, on-vehicle mounting locations. For four different antenna locations on a sedan vehicle with sunroof, the antenna gain is measured in a quasi-far-field antenna range. The results are also compared to those of finite ground plane, anechoic chamber measurements. © 2007 IEEE.

Wideband high-gain aperture coupled antenna for ku band phased-array systems

Bilgic, M.M. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | Microwave and Optical Technology Letters55 ( 6 ) , pp.1291 - 1295

Aperture coupled microstrip antenna is presented for Ku band phased-array applications. We show that radial open circuit terminated microstrip feed and hourglass aperture shape provide better coupling, high gain, wide bandwidth and small in-band gain variation. Eight-element antenna array with fixed beam tilt is formed and measured to validate simulations. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Tutorial on the design of hole-slot-type cavity magnetron using CST particle studio

Isenlik, T. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science41 ( 2 ) , pp.296 - 304

We present a simple design method for the hole-slot-type cavity magnetron. Our design model includes all principal parts of magnetron, namely, the cathode, the resonant system, the interaction space, and the magnetic circuit. We first find structural, electrical, and magnetic parameters using empirical formulas. Then, using empirical values as initial guesses, we build and simulate the 3-D model of magnetron in CST Particle Studio. In CST, we show that the eigenmode solver is essential for proper mode excitation; then, we use particle tracking and particle-in-cell simulations for the desired magnetron operation. For a fast convergen . . .t result, we study the impact of design parameters on the magnetron performance. We apply this design procedure to an X-band hole-slot-type magnetron with eight resonators. We believe that our method provides designers a simple, fast, and reliable tool for hole-slot-type magnetron design. © 2012 IEEE Daha fazlası Daha az

Surface plasmon-enhanced nanoantenna for localized fluorescence

Kocakarin, I. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Antennas and Propagation2012 , pp.296 - 304

Surface plasmon-enhanced gold nanoantenna structures on glass substrate are studied for increased localized electric field and fluorescence at the feed gap locations of the antennas. Dipole, Archimedean balanced spiral, and bowtie and double bowtie geometries are studied for surface plasmon effect. Different flare angles for bowtie geometries are compared to each other. Double bowtie geometry with dual polarization capability exhibited superior performance with almost 56 dB field enhancement factor. We also studied the effect of substrate thickness on electric field enhancement and we found that glass thickness plays a critical role . . . for coherent addition of surface plasmons at the feed gap location. The surface plasmon effect is proven by considering perfect electric conductor model of gold instead of its modified Drude model. © 2012 Isa Kocakarin and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Diversity antenna system for satellite digital audio radio

Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation61 ( 9 ) , pp.4775 - 4782

A diversity antenna system with antennas embedded in rear view mirrors of a vehicle is proposed for satellite digital audio radio system. Antenna diversity is needed because hidden antennas exhibit limited capability and composite body vehicles have poor reception due to no ground plane availability. Pattern gain diversity achieved with the proposed system is proven with on-vehicle antenna simulations and gain measurements. Selection combining diversity receiver architecture is also proposed and the system is tested in real time under two fading scenarios: weak satellite signal in dense foliage and multipath terrestrial environment . . .with frequent satellite blockages. In both cases, the diversity system outperformed the reference antenna system with less mutes times (0.6% versus 0.8% in multipath, 0.1% versus 0.25% in dense foliage) and Reed-Solomon block errors (1.75% versus 2.18% in multipath, 0.87% versus 1.18% in dense foliage). The proposed rear-view mirror location is ideal for minimum signal degradation compared to windshield, backlite, and dashboard antenna installations. © 1963-2012 IEEE Daha fazlası Daha az

Long-term effects of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from mobile phone on testicular tissue and epididymal semen quality

Tas, M. | Dasdag, S. | Akdag, M.Z. | Cirit, U. | Yegin, K. | Seker, U. | Eren, L.B.

Article | 2014 | Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine33 ( 3 ) , pp.216 - 222

The purpose of this study is to bridge this gap by investigating effects of long term 900 MHz mobile phone exposure on reproductive organs of male rats. The study was carried out on 14 adult Wistar Albino rats by dividing them randomly into two groups (n: 7) as sham group and exposure group. Rats were exposed to 900 MHz radiofrequency (RF) radiation emitted from a GSM signal generator. Point, 1 g and 10 g specific absorption rate (SAR) levels of testis and prostate were found as 0.0623 W/kg, 0.0445 W/kg and 0.0373 W/kg, respectively. The rats in the exposure group were subject to RF radiation 3 h per day (7 d a week) for one year. F . . .or the sham group, the same procedure was applied, except the generator was turned off. At the end of the study, epididymal sperm concentration, progressive sperm motility, abnormal sperm rate, all-genital organs weights and testis histopathology were evaluated. Any differences were not observed in sperm motility and concentration (p > 0.05). However, the morphologically normal spermatozoa rates were found higher in the exposure group (p < 0.05). Although histological examination showed similarity in the seminiferous tubules diameters in both groups, tunica albuginea thickness and the Johnsen testicular biopsy score were found lower in the exposure group (p < 0.05, p < 0.0001). In conclusion, we claim that long-term exposure of 900 MHz RF radiation alter some reproductive parameters. However, more supporting evidence and research is definitely needed on this topic. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted Daha fazlası Daha az

Fluorescence, decay time, and structural change of laser dye cresyl violet in solution due to microwave irradiation at GSM 900/1800 mobile phone frequencies

Bayrakceken, F. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Photoenergy2012 , pp.216 - 222

Microwave irradiation at GSM 900/1800 MHz mobile phone frequencies affects the electronic structure of cresyl violet in solution. These changes are important because laser-dye cresyl violet strongly bonds to DNA- and RNA-rich cell compounds in nerve tissues. The irradiation effects on the electronic structure of cresyl violet and its fluorescence data were all obtained experimentally at room temperature. For most laser dyes, this is not a trivial task because laser dye molecules possess a relatively complex structure. They usually consist of an extended system of conjugated double or aromatic ?-bonds with attached auxochromic (elect . . .ron donating) groups shifting the absorption band further towards longer wavelength. Because of the intrinsically high degree of conjugation, the vibrational modes of the molecular units couple strongly with each other. We found that the fluorescence quantum yield was increased from 0.54 ± 0.03 to 0.75 ± 0.01 due to intramolecular energy hopping of cresyl violet in solution which is exposed to microwave irradiation at mobile phone frequencies, and the photonic product cannot be used as a laser dye anymore. © 2012 Fuat Bayrakceken and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Paraxial fields of a wedge with anisotropic impedance and perfect electric conductor faces excited by a dipole

Isenlik, T. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2010 | Electromagnetics30 ( 7 ) , pp.589 - 608

A three-dimensional dyadic Green's function is derived for electromagnetic scattering due to a point electric current source radiating in the vicinity of a wedge with anisotropic impedance and perfect electric conductor faces. The anisotropic impedance face is characterized by surface impedances along directions parallel and orthogonal to the edge axis (principal anisotropy axis). Arbitrary surface impedance is assumed in one direction only (either parallel or orthogonal to principal anisotropy axis), and vanishing impedance is assumed on the other. Assuming reactive surface impedance, the derived forms involve a summation over an a . . .ngular wavenumber and a longitudinal spectral integral, which may be evaluated asymptotically to describe the fields in paraxial region, where the source and observation points are in close proximity to the apex but widely separated. The final asymptotic result reveals three different scattering mechanisms: edge-guided waves, surface waves, and guided waves in the classical sense. Numerical simulations are performed for capacitive and inductive surfaces using the asymptotic results. Simulation results are also compared to those of a commercially available electromagnetic field solver, which assumes uniform surface impedance. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Daha fazlası Daha az

Glass superstrate nanoantennas for infrared energy harvesting applications

Kocakarin, I. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | International Journal of Antennas and Propagation2013 , pp.589 - 608

Several nanoantennas for infrared energy harvesting applications at 30 THz are studied. Contrary to usual antenna designs, we implemented glass superstrate as opposed to glass substrate for better antenna performance. We defined a figure of merit (FOM) which includes antenna fractional bandwidth, peak gain, and half-power beamwidth of the antenna under consideration. Three different antenna structures with glass superstrate and one of them with glass substrate are studied in detail. According to our FOM definition, the Archimedean balanced spiral antenna exhibited superior performance among other structures with less sensitivity to . . .the incoming polarization of the electromagnetic wave. © 2013 Isa Kocakarin and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Footstep and vehicle detection using seismic sensors in wireless sensor network: Field tests

Koç, G. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks2013 , pp.589 - 608

Extensive field tests were carried out to assess the performance of adaptive thresholds algorithm for footstep and vehicle detection using seismic sensors. Each seismic sensor unit is equipped with wireless sensor node to communicate critical data to sensor gateway. Results from 92 different test configurations were analyzed in terms of detection and classification. Hit and false alarm rates of classification algorithm were formed, and detection ranges were determined based on these results. Amplification values of low-intensity seismic data were also taken into account in the analysis. Algorithm-dependent constants such as adaptive . . . thresholds sample sizes were examined for performance. Detection and classification of seismic signals due to footstep, rain, or vehicle were successfully performed. © 2013 Gökhan Koç and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Signal detection theory approach to gastroesophageal reflux disease: A new method for symptom analysis of impedance-pH data

Giral, A. | Kurt, R. | Yegin, E.G. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2014 | Diseases of the Esophagus27 ( 3 ) , pp.206 - 213

An accurate reflux-symptom relationship analysis method is an unmet need in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) diagnosis. The aim of this study was to adapt signal detection theory (SDT) approach to reflux-symptom relationship analysis to develop a new diagnosis method. Patients with predominant symptoms of heartburn and regurgitation were enrolled. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-responsive and PPI-unresponsive groups were created via interview and PPI trial. Patients then underwent stationary esophageal manometry and 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring. SDT measurement parameters (discriminability: d' and cri . . .terion: c) were calculated using empirically selected time windows (0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 minutes). The time window that provided the highest d' value was selected as the optimal time window. A cut-off d' value that optimally separates two groups was found using receiver operating characteristics analysis. Sixty-three patients completed the study (45 PPI responsive). Optimal time window and cut-off d' value were found as 1 and 0.767 minute, respectively. Symptom association probability (SAP) index values showed good correlation (rS = 0.7182, P < 0.0001) with d' values. SDT approach to reflux-symptom relationship analysis showed sensitivity (89% vs. 78%) and negative predictive values (75% vs. 60%) favorable over SAP index analysis. SDT approach using 1-minute time window and 0.767 cut-off d' value provides us a new and more accurate measure of reflux-symptom relationship than SAP index analysis. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus Daha fazlası Daha az

Detection of ammonia in liquids using millimeter wave spectroscopy

Ozturk, H. | Nazli, H. | Yegin, K. | Sezgin, M.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Photoenergy2012 , pp.206 - 213

Detection of ammonia plays a vital role for counter-bioterrorism applications. Using millimeter wave absorption measurements, ammonia dissolved in water solution is analyzed and compared to water-only solution. The inversion of ammonia molecule results in split rotational spectral lines and transitions of these lines can be detected. Two-port measurements were carried out with vector network analyzer and measurements revealed that ammonia presence can be identified, especially between 3035 GHz. © 2012 Hilmi Ozturk et al.

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