Detection of ammonia in liquids using millimeter wave spectroscopy

Ozturk, H. | Nazli, H. | Yegin, K. | Sezgin, M.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Photoenergy2012

Detection of ammonia plays a vital role for counter-bioterrorism applications. Using millimeter wave absorption measurements, ammonia dissolved in water solution is analyzed and compared to water-only solution. The inversion of ammonia molecule results in split rotational spectral lines and transitions of these lines can be detected. Two-port measurements were carried out with vector network analyzer and measurements revealed that ammonia presence can be identified, especially between 3035 GHz. © 2012 Hilmi Ozturk et al.

Millimeter wave detection of landmines

Öztürk, H. | Nazli, H. | Yegin, K. | Biçak, E. | Sezgin, M. | Dag, M. | Türetken, B.

Conference Object | 2013 | Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8709

Millimeter wave absorption relative to background soil can be used for detection landmines with little or no metal content. At these frequencies, soil and landmine absorb electromagnetic energy differently. Stepped frequency measurements from 20 GHz to 60 GHz were used to detect buried surrogate landmines in the soil. The targets were 3 cm and 5 cm beneath the soil surface and coherent transmission and reflection was used in the experimental setup. The measurement set-up was mounted on a handheld portable device, and this device was on a rail for accurate displacement such that the rail could move freely along the scan axis. Measure . . .ments were performed with network analyzer and scattering data in frequency domain were recorded for processing, namely for inverse Fourier Transform and background subtraction. Background subtraction was performed through a numerical filter to achieve higher contrast ratio. Although the numerical filter used was a simple routine with minimal computational burden, a specific detection method was applied to the background subtracted GPR data, which was based on correlation summation of consecutive A-scan signals in a predefined window length. © 2013 SPIE Daha fazlası Daha az

Effect of pulse fidelity on detection of landmines

Öztürk, H. | Nazli, H. | Yegin, K. | Sezgin, M. | Biçak, E. | Belikli, H. | Dag, M.

Conference Object | 2013 | Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering8714

Detection of landmines based on complex resonance frequencies has been studied in the past and no distinctive results have been reported. Especially for low metal content landmines buried at depths greater than 9 cm, resonant frequencies become fairly distributed in the background and no specific frequency of interest can be used. However, in a typical impulse radar, spectral energy density of the transmitted pulse can be very broad and its peak can be located anywhere. Usually, a compromise is made between penetration depth and feature resolution for spectral energy peak allocation. Pulse amplitude, duration, symmetry, its spectral . . . energy distribution, ringing level all affect depth and resolution metrics in a complicated way. Considering receiver dynamic range, we study two distinct pulses having different spectral energy density peaks and their detection ability for landmines with little or no metallic content. We carry out experiments to show that pulse shape/fidelity is critical to obtain desired contrast in post-processing of data. © 2013 SPIE Daha fazlası Daha az

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