Article | 2013 | IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation61 ( 9 ) , pp.4775 - 4782
A diversity antenna system with antennas embedded in rear view mirrors of a vehicle is proposed for satellite digital audio radio system. Antenna diversity is needed because hidden antennas exhibit limited capability and composite body vehicles have poor reception due to no ground plane availability. Pattern gain diversity achieved with the proposed system is proven with on-vehicle antenna simulations and gain measurements. Selection combining diversity receiver architecture is also proposed and the system is tested in real time under two fading scenarios: weak satellite signal in dense foliage and multipath terrestrial environment . . .with frequent satellite blockages. In both cases, the diversity system outperformed the reference antenna system with less mutes times (0.6% versus 0.8% in multipath, 0.1% versus 0.25% in dense foliage) and Reed-Solomon block errors (1.75% versus 2.18% in multipath, 0.87% versus 1.18% in dense foliage). The proposed rear-view mirror location is ideal for minimum signal degradation compared to windshield, backlite, and dashboard antenna installations. © 1963-2012 IEEE
Bilgic, M.M. | Yegin, K.
Article | 2014 | IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation62 ( 4 ) , pp.2258 - 2263
Wideband, planar and low profile antenna array is proposed and designed for Ku band direct broadcast from satellite reception for mobile systems. Contrary to earlier designs, the array antenna covers entire downlink Ku-band frequencies (10.8-12.75 GHz) for simultaneous reception from multiple transponders. The array antenna exhibits 16.5% bandwidth and has 30 dBi average gain for both vertical and horizontal polarizations. To achieve high efficiency, hybrid waveguide microstrip feed network is proposed. H-plane waveguide T-junctions with reduced waveguide height and disk loaded coaxial probe for microstrip to waveguide transition ar . . .e designed. Loss in the array is formulated as an optimization problem and it is minimized for subarray and array configuration. Overall height of the planar antenna with waveguide feed network is under 25 mm. The antenna is built and tested for reception quality. Carrier-to-noise ratio of 9.5 dB was observed for the target transponder (42°E) at 11.9 GHz using IF loop-out of the receiver. © 1963-2012 IEEE