Clinical course of pediatric urolithiasis: Follow-up data in a long-term basis

Koyuncu, H. | Yencilek, F. | Erturhan, S. | Eryildirım, B. | Sarica, K.

Article | 2011 | International Urology and Nephrology43 ( 1 ) , pp.7 - 13

Objective: To evaluate the natural course of the stone disease in pediatric patients from different perspectives among which the spontaneous passage and stone recurrence rates evaluated during the follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 142 children referring with primary urinary stone disease were evaluated and followed. All children in the study were divided into two groups with respect to the age (Group 1: 0-5 years and Group 2: 6-15 years). Children were followed with respect to spontaneous passage rates, recurrence-regrowth rates, physical as well as the renal growth rates. Results: Stone recurrence has been noted in 44% o . . .f patients in group 1, this value was 31% in group 2. Children with at least one identifiable metabolic abnormality tended to have higher recurrence rates than the others despite conservative measures. The average stone recurrence rate in children without any metabolic abnormality was 14% and nearly 50% in children with an identifiable metabolic abnormality. Conclusions: We may emphasize that due to the high recurrence and re-growth rates, all children with urinary stone disease should be followed closely with regular visits. The evaluation of metabolic risk factors in children with renal stone disease is the basis of medical treatment aimed at preventing recurrent stone events and the growth of pre-existing calculi. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

Increased 10-year cardiovascular disease and mortality risk scores in asymptomatic patients with calcium oxalate urolithiasis

Aydin, H. | Yencilek, F. | Erihan, I.B. | Okan, B. | Sarica, K.

Article | 2011 | Urological Research39 ( 6 ) , pp.451 - 458

Both the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and event rate are increased in patients with urolithiasis. Screening is recommended to all patients who have high cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to document 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in asymptomatic patients with urolithiasis. Consecutive 200 patients with calcium oxalate urolithiasis were compared with 200 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Ten-year cardiovascular disease risk was calculated with the Framingham Risk Score and mortality risk with SCORE risk score. Calcium, oxalate, and citrate excretion were studied as urinary stone ri . . .sk factors. The results indicate that patients with urolithiasis had higher total cholesterol (p < 0.0001), lower HDL-cholesterol (p < 0.0001), and higher systolic blood pressure (p < 0.0001) and hsCRP (p < 0.0001) compared with controls. Patients with urolithiasis had a higher Framingham Risk Scores [OR 8.36 (95% CI 3.81-18.65), p = 0.0001] and SCORE risk score [OR 3.02 (95% CI 1.30-7.02), p = 0.0006] compared with controls. The Framingham and SCORE risk score were significantly correlated with urinary calcium (p = 0.0001, r = 0.460, and p = 0.005, r = 0.223, respectively) and oxalate excretion (p = 0.0001, r = 0.516, p = 0.001, r = 0.290, respectively). In multiple linear regression analysis, urinary calcium and oxalate excretion, age, sex, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, hsCRP and smoking were the independent predictors of 10-year cardiovascular disease risk and urinary calcium and oxalate excretion, age, sex, total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose for 10-year cardiovascular mortality. In conclusion, patients with calcium oxalate urolithiasis carry high risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. All patients should be screened at the initial diagnosis of urolithiasis for the risk factors. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Daha fazlası Daha az

The evaluation of saphenofemoral insufficiency in primary adult varicocele

Koyuncu, H. | Ergenoglu, M. | Yencilek, F. | Gulcan, N. | Tasdelen, N. | Yencilek, E. | Sarica, K.

Article | 2011 | Journal of Andrology32 ( 2 ) , pp.151 - 154

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between varicocele and saphenofemoral insufficiency in patients diagnosed with primary varicocele. A total of 70 patients with the primary diagnosis of varicocele were included into the study. A total of 30 age-matched healthy adults were also included in the study as a control group. Varicocele was diagnosed by palpation and observation of each spermatic cord in standing position before and during a valsalva maneuver. Additionally, scrotal Doppler and lower extremity venous Doppler ultrasonography were performed. Patients who were with spermatic varicose vein larger th . . .an 3.0 mm were included in the study group as a varicocele patient. At the lower extremity venous Doppler ultrasonography, a retrograde flow lasting longer than 0.5 seconds during normal breathing or at the valsalva maneuver was considered to be meaningful for saphenofemoral junction insufficiency. Thirty-six (51.35%) patients had insufficiency in saphenofemoral junction in the study group (6 [8.5%] bilateral, 30 [42.85%] unilateral) whereas 8 (26.6%) had insufficiency in the control group (2 [6.6%] bilateral, 6 [20%] unilateral insufficiency). The patients with primary varicocele had a statistically significant (P 5 .02) higher rate of venous insufficiency in their saphenofemoral junctions when compared with the control group. In the present study, the rate of saphenofemoral insufficiency has been found to be statistically higher in patients with primary varicocele compared with healthy men. Depending on the common presence of valvular insufficiency, we believe that the presence of varicocele should be investigated in the young population suffering from saphenofemoral junction insufficiency Daha fazlası Daha az

Diagnostic utility of DTI in prostate cancer

Gürses, B. | Tasdelen, N. | Yencilek, F. | Kilickesmez, N.O. | Alp, T. | Firat, Z. | Gürmen, A.N.

Article | 2011 | European Journal of Radiology79 ( 2 ) , pp.172 - 176

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the diffusion tensor parameters of prostate cancer, prostatitis and normal prostate tissue. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 patients with the suspicion of prostate cancer were included in the study. MRI was performed with 3 T system (Intera Achieva, Philips Medical Systems, The Netherlands). T2 TSE and DTI with ss-EPI were obtained in each subject. TRUS-guided prostate biopsy was performed after the MRI examination. Images were analyzed by two radiologists using a special software system. ROI's were drawn according to biopsy zones which are apex, midgland, base and central zone on e . . .ach sides of the gland. FA and ADC values in areas of cancer, chronic prostatitis and normal prostate tissue were compared using Student's t-test. Results: Histopathological analysis revealed carcinoma in 68, chronic prostatitis in 67 and was reported as normal in 65 zones. The mean FA of cancerous tissue was significantly higher (p < 0.01) than the FA of chronic prostatitis and normal gland. The mean ADC of cancerous tissue was found to be significantly lower (p < 0.01), compared with non-cancerous tissue. Conclusion: Decreased ADC and increased FA are compatible with the hypercellular nature of prostate tumors. These differences may increase the accuracy of MRI in the detection of carcinoma and to differentiate between cancer and prostatitis. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

Emergent stenting after uncomplicated ureteroscopy: Evaluation of 23 patients

Tanriverdi, O. | Yencilek, F. | Koyuncu, H. | Yencilek, E. | Sarica, K.

Article | 2011 | Urology77 ( 2 ) , pp.305 - 308

Objectives To evaluate the causes of emergent stent placement during the postoperative early period after uncomplicated ureteroscopy in 23 patients. Methods Of 276 uncomplicated ureteroscopy procedures performed for the management of ureteral calculi, double-J stent placement was necessary on an emergent basis in 23 patients because of intolerable colic pain and extreme patient discomfort. All stents were inserted within 24 hours after the procedure. Results Of the 23 patients requiring emergent stent placement, 14 were men and 9 were women. The stones had been located in the lower ureter in 11, mid-ureter in 6, and upper ureter in . . .6 patients. All patients had undergone an uncomplicated procedure with no complication evident either during or immediately after ureteroscopic stone management. The intraoperative findings for the 23 patients revealed extensive edema formation, unrecognized small stones embedded in the edematous ureteral wall, unpassed small fragments gathered at the orifice, obstructing blood clots, and kinking of the ureter. A retrospective evaluation of the operative CD recordings and radiographic findings clearly showed that a longer operative time, repeated access, management of a large stone, impacted calculi with ureteral wall edema, a mildly narrowed ureteral segment, ignored caliceal small calculi, and a recent history of urinary tract infection contributed to the need for postoperative intervention. Conclusions Ureteral catheterization, at least in the form of overnight stent placement, might prevent the formation of transient ureteral obstruction, with resultant postoperative patient discomfort and colic pain evident in selected cases. © 2011 Elsevier Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

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