Yencilek, F. | Sarica, K. | Eryildirim, B. | Erturhan, S. | Karakok, M. | Kuyumcuoglu, U.
Article | 2010 | International Urology and Nephrology42 ( 2 ) , pp.361 - 367
Objectives The effect of verapamil on tubular ischemia that is demonstrated by HIF-1a positivity in tubular cells following hyperoxaluria was evaluated in a rabbit model. Methods Thirty-six healthy male rabbits were randomly divided into three groups. Animals in the hyperoxaluric group were fed with 0.75% ethylene glycol. The verapamil group was fed identically to the hyperoxaluric group. Additionally, the verapamil group received verapamil orally (0.1 mg/kg). The control group received no special diet. Six animals in each group were killed on the 7th day of the experiment and the remaining six at the 28th day. Kidneys of the rabbit . . .s were examined by histopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis to detect the presence and degree of HIF-1a positivity. Results On the 7th day analysis, severe and moderate degree staining for HIF-1a in hyperoxaluric group were shown in four and two, respectively. In the verapamil group, however, three of six specimens showed nuclear staining (moderate in two and severe in one). Two of six specimens in the control group had minimal staining. The 28th day evaluation showed that two of the hyperoxaluric group had minimal degree nuclear staining but not in the remaining four. No staining was shown in the verapamil and control group animals. Conclusions Hyperoxaluria-related ischemia formation may be responsible for subsequent alterations in renal tubules. As a protective agent, verapamil was found to limit the presence of hypoxic changes as documented by HIF-1 alpha positivity in this study. These data also support the presence ischemic insult after hyperoxaluria induction in animal model. © Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2009
Sarica, K. | Yencilek, F. | Eryildirim, B. | Kuyumcuoglu, U.
Letter | 2009 | Urology74 ( 6 ) , pp.1378 - 1379
[No abstract available]
Sarica, K. | Eryildirim, B. | Yencilek, F. | Kuyumcuoglu, U.
Article | 2009 | Urology73 ( 5 ) , pp.1003 - 1007
Objectives: To evaluate the possible role of being overweight on stone-forming risk factors in children. Methods: A total of 94 children (43 boys and 51 girls, male/female ratio 1:1.8) who were taking no medication or dietary modifications before treatment were included in the study. After a detailed stone disease history, the systolic and diastolic blood pressures were precisely measured and recorded for all patients. The body mass index, 24-hour urine values, and serum stone-forming risk parameters were evaluated in 44 overweight (17 boys and 27 girls; group 1) and 50 normal (26 boys and 24 girls; group 2) children. The results of . . . each group were compared using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: The evaluation of the stone-forming risk factors in both groups revealed that the overweight status might be responsible for the increased excretion of these substances in such children. Most of the children in group 1 demonstrated hypocitraturia and hyperoxaluria (9/44, 20.5%) compared with the patients in group 2. Although the mean urinary oxalate level was 0.74 ± 0.81 mg/kg/24 h for boys and 0.69 ± 0.72 mg/kg/24 h for girls in group 1, relatively lower values were noted in group 2 (0.42 ± 0.52 and 0.45 ± 0.57 mg/kg/24 h for the boys and girls, respectively). Similarly, the children in group 1 had elevated mean urinary calcium and lower citrate excretion compared with the group 2 patients. Conclusions: Overweight status in children might be associated with an elevated risk of stone formation in both sexes owing to the alterations in urine composition. Obese children could be more prone to stone formation, and they should be evaluated and followed up for this aspect. Crown Copyright © 2009
Koyuncu, H.H. | Yencilek, F. | Eryildirim, B. | Sarica, K.
Article | 2010 | Urological Research38 ( 2 ) , pp.105 - 109
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effect of a positive family history on the age at the onset of urinary stone disease and the frequency of subsequent symptomatic episodes relating to the disease. Between March 2006 and April 2009, patients with either a newly diagnosed or a previously documented stone disease were included in the study program. They were required to fill in a questionnaire and divided into two groups according to the positive family history of stone disease; group I comprised patients with a family history for urinary calculi and group II those without. Depending on the data obtained from questionn . . .aires, all patients were evaluated in detail with respect to the age at the onset of the stone disease, stone passage and interventions over time, time to first recurrence (time interval between the onset of the disease and the first recurrence), number of total stone episodes and recurrence intervals. 1,595 patients suffering from urolithiasis with the mean age of 41.7 (14-69 years) were evaluated with respect to their past history of the disease. There were 437 patients in group I and 1,158 in group II. There was no statistically significant difierence between the mean age value of two groups (P = 0.09). When both genders in group I were analyzed separately, female patients tended to have higher rate of family history positivity than males. Comparative evaluation of the age at the onset of the disease between the two groups did reveal that stone formation occured at younger ages in patients with positive family history [P = 0.01 (males), P = 0.01 (females)] and the mean age of onset of the disease was lower in males than females in group I (P = 0.01). Patients in group I had relatively more stone episodes from the onset of the disease [P < 0.01 (2-4 episodes), P < 0.01 (?5 episodes)]. Male patients were associated with higher number of stone episodes (P = 0.01). Mean time interval between recurrences was noted to be significantly shorter in group I patients when compared with patients in group II [P < 0.01 (males), P = 0.02 (females)]. In conclusion, our results showed that urinary stone formation may occur at younger ages and that the frequency of symptom episodes may be higher in patients with a positive family history. We believe that the positive family history for urinary stone disease could give us valuable information concerning the onset as well as the severity of the disease. © The Author(s) 2009