Increased 10-year cardiovascular disease and mortality risk scores in asymptomatic patients with calcium oxalate urolithiasis

Aydin, H. | Yencilek, F. | Erihan, I.B. | Okan, B. | Sarica, K.

Article | 2011 | Urological Research39 ( 6 ) , pp.451 - 458

Both the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and event rate are increased in patients with urolithiasis. Screening is recommended to all patients who have high cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to document 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in asymptomatic patients with urolithiasis. Consecutive 200 patients with calcium oxalate urolithiasis were compared with 200 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Ten-year cardiovascular disease risk was calculated with the Framingham Risk Score and mortality risk with SCORE risk score. Calcium, oxalate, and citrate excretion were studied as urinary stone ri . . .sk factors. The results indicate that patients with urolithiasis had higher total cholesterol (p < 0.0001), lower HDL-cholesterol (p < 0.0001), and higher systolic blood pressure (p < 0.0001) and hsCRP (p < 0.0001) compared with controls. Patients with urolithiasis had a higher Framingham Risk Scores [OR 8.36 (95% CI 3.81-18.65), p = 0.0001] and SCORE risk score [OR 3.02 (95% CI 1.30-7.02), p = 0.0006] compared with controls. The Framingham and SCORE risk score were significantly correlated with urinary calcium (p = 0.0001, r = 0.460, and p = 0.005, r = 0.223, respectively) and oxalate excretion (p = 0.0001, r = 0.516, p = 0.001, r = 0.290, respectively). In multiple linear regression analysis, urinary calcium and oxalate excretion, age, sex, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, hsCRP and smoking were the independent predictors of 10-year cardiovascular disease risk and urinary calcium and oxalate excretion, age, sex, total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose for 10-year cardiovascular mortality. In conclusion, patients with calcium oxalate urolithiasis carry high risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. All patients should be screened at the initial diagnosis of urolithiasis for the risk factors. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Daha fazlası Daha az

Does tamsulosin change the management of proximally located ureteral stones?

Yencilek, F. | Erturhan, S. | Canguven, O. | Koyuncu, H. | Erol, B. | Sarica, K.

Article | 2010 | Urological Research38 ( 3 ) , pp.195 - 199

The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor blocking agent on the spontaneous passage of proximal ureteral calculi ?10 mm. 92 patients having single radio-opaque proximal ureteral stone ?10 mm were randomized into two groups. Group 1 patients (n = 50) were followed with classical conservative approach and patients in Group 2 (n = 42) additionally received tamsulosin, 0.4 mg/day during 4 weeks follow-up. The stone passage rates, stone expulsion time, VAS score, change in colic episodes, and hospital re-admission rates for colicky pain were compared. The patients were furthermore stratified . . .according to stone diameters Daha fazlası Daha az

Family history in stone disease: How important is it for the onset of the disease and the incidence of recurrence?

Koyuncu, H.H. | Yencilek, F. | Eryildirim, B. | Sarica, K.

Article | 2010 | Urological Research38 ( 2 ) , pp.105 - 109

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effect of a positive family history on the age at the onset of urinary stone disease and the frequency of subsequent symptomatic episodes relating to the disease. Between March 2006 and April 2009, patients with either a newly diagnosed or a previously documented stone disease were included in the study program. They were required to fill in a questionnaire and divided into two groups according to the positive family history of stone disease; group I comprised patients with a family history for urinary calculi and group II those without. Depending on the data obtained from questionn . . .aires, all patients were evaluated in detail with respect to the age at the onset of the stone disease, stone passage and interventions over time, time to first recurrence (time interval between the onset of the disease and the first recurrence), number of total stone episodes and recurrence intervals. 1,595 patients suffering from urolithiasis with the mean age of 41.7 (14-69 years) were evaluated with respect to their past history of the disease. There were 437 patients in group I and 1,158 in group II. There was no statistically significant difierence between the mean age value of two groups (P = 0.09). When both genders in group I were analyzed separately, female patients tended to have higher rate of family history positivity than males. Comparative evaluation of the age at the onset of the disease between the two groups did reveal that stone formation occured at younger ages in patients with positive family history [P = 0.01 (males), P = 0.01 (females)] and the mean age of onset of the disease was lower in males than females in group I (P = 0.01). Patients in group I had relatively more stone episodes from the onset of the disease [P < 0.01 (2-4 episodes), P < 0.01 (?5 episodes)]. Male patients were associated with higher number of stone episodes (P = 0.01). Mean time interval between recurrences was noted to be significantly shorter in group I patients when compared with patients in group II [P < 0.01 (males), P = 0.02 (females)]. In conclusion, our results showed that urinary stone formation may occur at younger ages and that the frequency of symptom episodes may be higher in patients with a positive family history. We believe that the positive family history for urinary stone disease could give us valuable information concerning the onset as well as the severity of the disease. © The Author(s) 2009 Daha fazlası Daha az

Human umbilical vein endothelial cells accelerate oxalate-induced apoptosis of human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells in co-culture system which is prevented by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate

Sarıca, K. | Aydin, H. | Yencilek, F. | Telci, D. | Yılmaz, B.

Article | 2012 | Urological Research40 ( 5 ) , pp.461 - 466

Oxalate is the most common component of kidney stones and elevated urinary levels induce renal tubular cell toxicity and death which is essential for crystal attachment. Endothelial cells, in some studies have been shown to regulate certain functions of renal proximal tubule cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of endothelial cells on tubular cell apoptosis in a coculture system mimicking the in vivo renal physiological settings. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (RPTEC) were exposed to increasing concentrations (0-1.0 mM) of oxalate with or without . . . 10 µM PDTC pretreatment for 24 h. In HUVEC, RPTEC and HUVEC-RPTEC co-cultures, the cell viability was measured using the WST-1 assay and cell death with the TUNEL analysis using the flow cytometry. The treatment of RPTECs with oxalate lead to 8.9-26.2% cell death which was reduced to 0-1.6% with the PDTC pretreatment. The death rate of RPTECs was significantly increased by 15-19% at different oxalate concentrations when co-cultured with HUVECs. In contrast, cell viability was not substantially altered in PDTC pretreated RPTECs that were co-cultured with HUVECs. Apoptosis was the way of cell death as similar rate of apoptosis was observed in cell culture systems. Although cell viability of RPTECs was further reduced when co-cultured with HUVECs, it was restored with the pretreatment of PDTC. This is the first study focusing on the role of endothelial cells on RPTEC apoptosis following hyperoxaluria. © Springer-Verlag 2012 Daha fazlası Daha az

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