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Strategic choice for Istanbul: A domestic or international orientation for logistics?

Özdemir, D.

Article | 2010 | Cities27 ( 3 ) , pp.154 - 163

The geographical location of Turkey in general, and Istanbul in particular, in a wider region encompassing the Black Sea, Balkans, Caucasus and Middle East provides an absolute advantage for the city to become an important international logistics node. Recent research has also identified Turkey as the fifth largest logistics market in the world. Therefore, promoting Istanbul as a logistics center of international importance has been high on the agenda of the Turkish central government, city authorities, and interest groups in recent years. To achieve this aim, local and central governments have been sponsoring new infrastructural pr . . .ojects to strengthen the position of the city as a world-class logistics center. However, other research has pointed to serious problems resulting from legislative shortcomings, lack of coordination among public bodies, mistakes in implementation, and insufficiencies in infrastructure and human capital. This article is based on a research project involving logistics firms in Istanbul designed to investigate the strengths and weaknesses of Istanbul in its quest to become as a logistics center serving a wider region beyond Turkey. The results of the interviews and survey have shown that today, logistics activity in the Marmara region (and Istanbul in particular) is mainly the result of economic activities taking place in a national context, rather than the result of entrepôt or logistics node operations at a regional or global level. In the promotional literature of public authorities, nevertheless, 'links with Turkic republics' and 'a bridge between Europe and Asia' are repeatedly referred to, despite their diminishing relevance to the operational requirements of Turkish logistics companies. Bureaucratic and legislative implementation deficiencies, and consequent transport shortcomings seem to occupy a more concrete and higher place on their agenda for the growth of logistics service provision. Policy formation needs to recognize this ordering of priorities in order to integrate economic and urban planning more effectively. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

New imaginaries of gender in Turkey's service economy: Women workers and identity making on the sales floor

Sarioğlu, E.

Article | 2016 | Women's Studies International Forum54 , pp.39 - 47

Research on the regulation of women's identities at work has shown that the production of feminine selves on the service floor depends on women workers' identification with certain versions of femininities. Drawing on ethnographic data collected in retail settings in urban Turkey, this study highlights an alternative route to identity making on the service floor. I found that saleswomen strategically distance themselves from particular versions of working class femininities when building workplace identities for themselves. To explain why women workers use this distancing strategy, I argue that the gender discourse on women's work i . . .n Turkey and the minimalist managerial control of workers shape women's strategies to self-constitute. The discourse on women's work, which discourages women from working unless they pursue professional careers, puts women's respectability at risk. Women workers lacking access to the necessary resources to constitute themselves as properly middle-class, therefore employ a strategy of distancing rather than identification to preserve their sense of respectability. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

Percentage and severity of periodontal diseases in Turkish adults aged 35+ years, 2009-10

Ilhan, D. | Oktay, I. | Nur, B. | Fisekcioglu, E. | Lim, S. | Lepkowski, J.M. | Ismail, A.I.

Article | 2017 | Journal of Public Health Dentistry77 ( 4 ) , pp.325 - 333

Objective: This article presents data on the burden of periodontal diseases in Turkish adults aged 35 years or older. Methods: Within each region of Turkey, a rural and an urban area or city were selected in 2009-10 using a probability proportional to size method. In the selected towns, local officials who were familiar with their communities assisted in recruiting subjects. Loss of Attachment (LOA) was measured at six sites around each tooth present in the mouth, excluding third molars. Additionally, the Community Periodontal Index was used to assess the severity of periodontal diseases around 12 index teeth. Self-reported data on . . .key risk factors were also collected. Weights were computed using a raking ratio adjustment procedure and used in all analyses. Results: Almost all examined adults had some loss of periodontal attachment. The proportion of those with more than 3 mm LOA ranged from 43 percent in 35-44 year olds to 91 percent in those aged 65+ years. Among females, older age, low education status, smoking 11-40+ cigarettes a day, being employed, and presence of high number of missing tooth surfaces were associated with LOA > 3 mm. Among males LOA >3 mm was associated with older age, use of alcohol, and unemployment. The CPI data did not yield the same associations with periodontal diseases and risk factors. Conclusions: Periodontal diseases in Turkish adults are highly prevalent. A tailored common risk factor health promotion program is recommended to reduce the burden of periodontal infection in Turkey. © 2017 American Association of Public Health Dentistr Daha fazlası Daha az

Association of the Cylin D1 G870A Polymorphism with Laryngeal Cancer: Are they Really Related?

Verim, A. | Ozkan, N. | Turan, S. | Korkmaz, G. | Cacina, C. | Yaylim, I. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2013 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention14 ( 12 ) , pp.7629 - 7634

Background: Cylin D1(CCDN1) is an important regulator of the cell cycle whose alterations are thought to be involved in cancer development. There have been many studies indicating CCDN1 amplification or overexpression in a variety of cancer types. In addition to gene amplification, the G870A polymorphism may be related with altered CCDN1 activity, and therefore with cancer development. This hypothesis has been tested in different cancer types but results have been contradictory. We therefore aimed to investigate any relationship between CCDN1 A870G genotypes and laryngeal squamous cell cancer development and progression. Materials a . . .nd Methods: A total of 68 Turkish patients with primary laryngeal squamous cell cancer and 133 healthy controls were enrolled. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to determine the CCDN1 genotypes. Results: No significant association was detected between CCDN1 genotypes and laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LxSCCa) development. Similarly CCDN1 genotypes were not related to clinical parameters of Lx SCCa. However, there was a very significant association between CCDN1 G allele and presence of perineural invasion (p= 0.003; OR: 1.464; CI% 1.073-1.999). CCDN1 G allele frequency was significantly higher in the individuals with perineural invasion (85.7%) when compared to those without (58.5%). The 2 patients who died of disease were both found to possess the GG genotype. Conclusions: These results pose a controversy in suggesting a protective role of the G allele against LxSCCa development and support the association of CCDN1 gene GG genotype with mortality in patients with LxSCCa Daha fazlası Daha az

A Model for Make-or-Buy Decisions in Engineering Design Services Sector: A Case Study from Turkey

Aytan Ediz, Z. | Atilla Öner, M. | Can Erdem, Y. | Kaplan, N.

Article | 2018 | International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management15 ( 4 ) , pp.7629 - 7634

Make-or-buy decision is an important factor affecting the profitability of the firms in all sectors. The goal of this study is to propose a model for firms in engineering design services sector for make-or-buy decisions. A survey was conducted to determine the importance percentages given in an engineering company in make-or-buy decisions and a model was developed. The results of the case study show intriguing clusters of company personnel. As the lack of consensus among company managers and personnel may inhibit the successful implementation of the developed strategy, we use K-Means Clustering to determine the different perspective . . .s of different groups of employees (managers, senior engineers, junior engineers, technical and administrative support personnel) which may contribute to the understanding of social dynamics of decision making within the company. 4-cluster and 5-cluster analysis results indicate the need for further study on the dynamics of cluster membership. © 2018 World Scientific Publishing Company Daha fazlası Daha az


Ertaş, G. | Kozan, Ö. | Degertekin, M. | Kervan, Ü. | Aksoy, M. | Koç, O. | Göktekin, Ö.

Article | 2012 | Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi Arsivi40 ( 5 ) , pp.414 - 418

Objectives: The Stent for Life (SFL) project's main mission is to increase the use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in more than 70% of all acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Previous to the SFL project, thrombolysis was the dominant reperfusion strategy since a low percentage of acute STEMI patients had access to primary PCI in our country. In this study, we present the main barriers of access to primary PCI in the centers that were involved with the SFL project. Study design: Patients with acute STEMI admitted to the centers that were involved in the SFL project between 2009 and 2 . . .011 were included in the analysis. Results: Since the inception of the SFL project, the primary PCI rate has reached over 90% in SFL pilot cities. In the last 5 years, the number of ambulances and emergency stations has increased. Since the collaboration with 112 Emergency Service, a great majority of cases were reached via the emergency medical system. The mean door-to-balloon time for the pilot cities was 54.72±43.66 minutes. Conclusion: After three years of the SFL project, primary PCI has emerged as the preferred reperfusion strategy for patients with STEMI in pilot cities. © 2012 Türk Kardiyoloji Dernegi Daha fazlası Daha az

The Role of the Public Sector in the Provision of Housing Supply in Turkey, 1950-2009

Özdemir, D.

Article | 2011 | International Journal of Urban and Regional Research35 ( 6 ) , pp.1099 - 1117

This study examines the changing role of the public sector in Turkey with regard to housing provision since 1950, and particularly since 2000, and seeks to clarify how public intervention has affected housing provision and urban development dynamics in major cities. Three periods may be identified, with central government acting as a regulator in a first period characterized by a 'housing boom'. During the second period, from 1980 to 2000, a new mass housing law spurred construction activity, although the main beneficiaries of the housing fund tended to be the middle classes. After 2000, contrary to emerging trends in both Northern . . .and Southern European countries, the public sector in Turkey became actively involved in housing provision. During this process, new housing estates were created on greenfield sites on the outskirts of cities, instead of efforts being made to rehabilitate, restore or renew existing housing stock in the cities. Meanwhile, the concept of 'urban regeneration' has been opportunistically incorporated into the planning agenda of the public sector, and - under the pretext of regenerating squatter housing areas - existing residents have been moved out, while channels for community participation have been bypassed. © 2010 Joint Editors and Blackwell Publishing Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

One less barrier to foreign direct investment in Turkey?: Linkages between manufacturing and logistics operations in Istanbul and the Marmara Region

Özdemir, D. | Darby, J.

Article | 2009 | European Urban and Regional Studies16 ( 1 ) , pp.87 - 99

Despite various reasons for the relatively low levels of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow into Turkey throughout the postwar period, Istanbul has proved relatively successful in attracting inward FDI in services in recent years. Increased production by both foreign and domestic manufacturers in the wider Marmara region has also resulted in a concentration of service sector firms in the greater Istanbul metropolitan area. Examination of the profile of foreign investors and investment categories reveals that Germany and the Netherlands remain major sources of investment, and that investment from these two countries shows the mos . . .t marked signs of functional linkage between manufacturing and service projects. This growth of functional linkage, exemplified by the increased importance of logistics operations, may represent the removal of one more factor inhibiting inward investment into Turkey on a scale appropriate to its size and growth potential. © 2009 SAGE Publications Daha fazlası Daha az

The impact of Islamic sects on education and the media in Turkey

Kuran-Burçoglu, N.

Article | 2011 | International Journal of Cultural Policy17 ( 2 ) , pp.187 - 197

Religious tendencies have become more visible around the world during the last two decades, moving further from the private to the public domain. Taking Turkey as a case in point, this article will explore how religious organizations have been active in developing cultural polices designed to shape the attitudes and behaviours of particular groups of people. After reflecting briefly on the significance of the historic relations between Christianity and Islam in culture-shaping activities, the article will explore the attempts of Islamic sects to influence the culture of three social groups in contemporary Turkey: youth, rural women . . .in cities and the potential audiences of specific TV and radio channels. © 2011 Taylor & Francis Daha fazlası Daha az

The status of mineral trioxide aggregate in endodontics education in dental schools in Turkey

Tanalp, J. | Karapinar-Kazandag, M. | Ersev, H. | Bayirli, G.

Article | 2012 | Journal of Dental Education76 ( 6 ) , pp.752 - 758

The aim of this study was to assess the current status of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as an educational material in dental schools in Turkey. A survey was sent to senior members of the endodontic departments of seventeen dental schools; fourteen responded. All respondents reported that they used MTA in their clinical practice, with apexification, perforations, retrograde fillings, and root resorptions being the most frequently occurring treatment procedures. All reported that information was given to students regarding MTA mainly as part of the curriculum. The third and fourth years were the periods when MTA was introduced to s . . .tudents in most of the schools. Twelve schools reported that students had the opportunity to observe procedures in which MTA was used, but students had the chance to use the material in a very minor proportion of the schools, mainly under the supervision of clinical instructors. Ten schools agreed that MTA should be included in the regular endodontic curriculum. Financial constraints seemed to be the predominant reason for those who answered this question negatively, followed by difficult handling properties and low radiopacity of the material. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that ways should be sought to prevent financial difficulties from depriving dental students of the opportunity to receive information about contemporary methodologies such as MTA utilization Daha fazlası Daha az

Cutaneous melanoma in Turkey: Analysis of 1157 patients in the Melanoma Turkish Study

Abali, H. | Celik, I. | Karaca, B. | Turna, H. | Saglam, E.K. | Akman, T. | Elkiran, T.

Article | 2015 | Journal of B.U.ON.20 ( 4 ) , pp.1137 - 1141

Purpose: To develop a large Turkish National Melanoma registry in order to define demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with melanoma. Methods: The data was collected from 1635 patients with melanoma through a web-based registry system in 22 centers. Herein we present the results of 1157 patients with cutaneous melanoma. Results: The patient median age was 56.4 years and 646 (55.8%) were males. The commonest subtype was superficial spreading type (357, 30.9%). The commonest primary site was the lower extremities (N=353, 30.5%). The most common Breslow thickness was 1-2 mm (361 patients, 43.5%). Only 104 (12.5 . . .%) patients had a thickness Daha fazlası Daha az

Infectivity-resistotype-genotype clustering of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus strains in the central blacksea region of Turkey

Kirca Yilmaz, Ş. | Acuner, I.Ç. | Strommenger, B. | Bek, Y. | Witte, W.

Article | 2014 | Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni48 ( 1 ) , pp.14 - 27

The increase in the prevalence of epidemic strains of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospitals and community requires special attention of infection control. The aim of this study was to determine the pathogenic phenotype (i.e. infectivity and resistotype) and genotypic character-istics (i.e. PFGE-pulsotyping, SLST-spa typing, MLST-sequence typing, eBURST-clonal complex detection algorithm) of clinical MRSA isolates in the Central Blacksea region of Turkey, in order to understand their short- and long-term epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics, and to investigate any probable presence of a significant clus . . .tering. This prospective study included consecutive but non-repetitive 48 MRSA isolates (of them 18 were colonized strains and 30 were causes of nosocomial infection) and seven methicillin-susceptible S.aureus (MSSA, all were isolated from nosocomial infection), collected between December 2006-February 2007 period from hospitalized patients. Identification of the isolates were performed by Vitek-2 automated system (BioMérieux, USA), and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing by broth microdilution method and Vitek-2 automated system. The MRSA isolates found susceptible to erythromycin (n= 10) were further investigated for the presence of ermA gene by the PCR method. All the strains were typed by spa-typing and PFGE-pulsotyping methods. Among the isolates with different spa-types, representatives were selected (3 MRSA, 7 MSSA) and typed with MLST typing method. Among the isolates with different spa-types, representatives with different antimicrobial susceptibility patterns were selected (n= 8), and SCCmec types were determined by the multiplex PCR method. Antimicrobial resistance patterns of the isolates were digitized to get standardized antimicrobial resistance phenotypes. Clustering of MRSA isolates in pattern groups on the basis of discriminatory characteristics, namely infectivity, phenotype and genotype were statistically analyzed with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. As a result, three different antimicrobial resistance phenotypes were found in MSSA isolates, whereas 13 were identified in MRSA isolates. In MSSA isolates, seven different PFGE-pulsotypes were detected, as compared to 14 pulsotypes in MRSA isolates. Among MRSA isolates, 10 sporadic strains with single PFGE-pulsotypes were detected. All MRSA isolates, with two exceptions (t459, t632), were of t030 spa-type; in the MLST analysis of the representatives of different spa-types (n= 3), a single type of MLST-clonal complex (CC8) and single MLST-sequence type (ST239) were identified. Each of the seven MSSA isolates yielded different spa-types, MLST-clonal complex types and MLST-sequence types (t777-ST5-CC5; t660-ST25-CC5; t153-ST34-CC30; t015-ST45-CC45; t267-ST97-CC97; t377-ST360-CC8; t084-ST15-C15). In the statistical analysis of 38 non-sporadic MRSA isolates, the isolates in Group-13 (n= 16; infectious, resistotype 14, pulsotype 4; antimicrobial resistance score= 24) displayed significant infectivity-phenotype-genotype clustering (p< 0.001). In 27 of the MRSA isolates, decreased susceptibility to teicoplanin (MIC= 4 µg/mL) was detected. Although, global MRSA isolates belonging to MLST-CC8, MLST-ST239, t030 spa-type were usually expected to be resistant to erythromycin, 10 such strains were erythromycin susceptible. However, ermA gene was found in six of these 10 strains, leading to a conclusion that the ermA gene of these isolates might be dysfunctional due to a point mutation or deletion. Selected representatives of MRSA isolates with different antimicrobial susceptibility patterns (n= 8) were detected to be SCCmec type III. In conclusion, S.aureus isolates in the patient population of our hospital representing the Central Blacksea region showed statistically significant clustering in infectivity, antimicrobial resistance phenotype and clonal genotype (p< 0.001). The dominant MRSA clone was ST239 which was one of the five major pandemic MRSA clones. Nosocomial MSSA isolates displayed long-term clonal diversity. This study produced regional evolutionary-epidemiological data that may support further regional, national and international long-term surveillance studies of S.aureus strains Daha fazlası Daha az

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