Yarim, M. | Koksal, M. | Durmaz, I. | Atalay, R.
Article | 2012 | International Journal of Molecular Sciences13 ( 7 ) , pp.8071 - 8085
A series of novel 1-(4-substitutedbenzoyl)-4-(4-chlorobenzhydryl)piperazine derivatives 5a-g was designed by a nucleophilic substitution reaction of 1-(4-chlorobenzhydryl)piperazine with various benzoyl chlorides and characterized by elemental analyses, IR and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. Cytotoxicity of the compounds was demonstrated on cancer cell lines from liver (HUH7, FOCUS, MAHLAVU, HEPG2, HEP3B), breast (MCF7, BT20, T47D, CAMA-1), colon (HCT-116), gastric (KATO-3) and endometrial (MFE-296) cancer cell lines. Time-dependent cytotoxicity analysis of compound 5a indicated the long-term in situ stability of this compoun . . .d. All compounds showed significant cell growth inhibitory activity on the selected cancer cell lines. © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland Daha fazlası Daha az
Rouf, M.A. | Vural, I. | Renoir, J.M. | Hincal, A.A.
Article | 2009 | Journal of Liposome Research19 ( 4 ) , pp.322 - 331
Rapamycin (Sirolimus) is a macrolide lactone with antifungal, immunosuppressant, and antiproliferative actions. The mechanism of rapamycin action involves the inhibition of mTOR and subsequent cytostasis. Rapamycin also prevents angiogenesis in tumors and can prevent cancer cells' resistance to other chemotherapeutic agents. However, very poor water solubility, bioavailability, only slight solubility in acceptable parenteral excipients, chemical instability, and major sequestration (95%) of free rapamycin into the erythrocytes have prevented its development as an anticancer drug. To address these problems, it was attempted to develo . . .p liposomal rapamycin delivery systems in this study. Conventional and pegylated liposomes were prepared with various lipid and cholesterol ratios. They were then characterized; these liposomes contained 0.680.90mg of rapamycin per milliliter of liposome suspension. Having suitable particle size, these liposomes successfully retained the entrapped drug. Both types of liposomes were found to be effective; however, conventional liposomes showed better antiproliferative activity against MCF-7 cells than pegylated liposomes. But, pegylated liposome showed better stability than conventional liposomes. In conclusion, the enhanced permeability and retention effercts of tumors should provide the opportunity for pegylated liposomal rapamycin to be applied as an intravenous drug-delivery system for targeted delivery to cancer cells, avoiding the major sequestration of free rapamycin into the erythrocytes Daha fazlası Daha az
Türe, A. | Kahraman, D.C. | Cetin-Atalay, R. | Helvacıoğlu, S. | Charehsaz, M. | Küçükgüzel, İ.
Article | 2019 | Computational Biology and Chemistry78 , pp.227 - 241
Thirty-two novel urea/thiourea compounds as potential kinase inhibitor were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity on breast (MCF7), colon (HCT116) and liver (Huh7) cancer cell lines. Compounds 10, 19 and 30 possessing anticancer activity with IC 50 values of 0.9, 0.8 and 1.6 µM respectively on Huh7 cells were selected for further studies. These hit compounds were tested against liver carcinoma panel. Real time cell electronic sensing assay was used to evaluate the effects of the compounds 10, 19 and 30 on the growth pattern of liver cancer cells. Apoptotic cell death and cell cycle analysis upon treatment . . .of liver carcinoma cells with hit compounds were determined. A significant apoptotic cell death was detected upon treatment of Huh7 and Mahlavu cells with compound 30 after 48 h of treatment. Additionally, compound 10 caused cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase. Mutagenicity of hit compounds was evaluated. Assertively, these compounds were not found to be mutagenic on Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100. To understand the binding modes of the synthesized compounds, molecular docking studies were performed using the crystal data of VEGFR and Src-kinase enzymes in correlation with anticancer activities. © 201 Daha fazlası Daha az
Papatsoris, A. | Sarica, K.
Review | 2012 | Urological Research40 ( 6 ) , pp.639 - 646
The last decade flexible ureteroscopy has progressed from an awkward diagnostic procedure with limited visualization to a precise surgical intervention allowing access to the entire collecting system. In this review, we present the current status and future perspectives of the ureterorenoscopic management of urolithiasis and nonstone- related upper tract pathologies. © Springer-Verlag 2012.
Sandal, S. | Yılmaz, B. | Carpenter, D.O.
Article | 2008 | Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis654 ( 1 ) , pp.88 - 92
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are known to be carcinogenic, but the mechanisms of this action are uncertain. Most, but not all, studies have concluded that PCBs are not directly mutagenic, and that much if not all of the carcinogenic activity resides in the fraction of the PCB mixture that contains congeners with dioxin-like activity. The present study was designed to determine genotoxic effects of an ortho-substituted, non-coplanar congener, 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB 52), and a non-ortho-substituted coplanar congener with dioxin-like activity, 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB 77) on cultured human peripheral lymphocyt . . .es. DNA damage was assessed by use of the comet assay (alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis). After cell cultures were prepared, test groups were treated with different concentrations of PCB 52 (0.2 and 1 µM) and PCB 77 (1 and 10 µM) for 1 h at 37 °C in a humidified carbon dioxide incubator, and compared to a DMSO vehicle control group. The cells were visually classified into four categories on the basis of extent of migration such as undamaged (UD), low damage (LD), moderate damage (MD) and high damage (HD). The highest concentration of PCBs 52 and 77 significantly increased DNA breakage in human lymphocytes (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that both the non-coplanar PCB 52 and coplanar PCB 77 cause DNA damage, and that the ortho-substituted congener was significantly more potent than the dioxin-like coplanar congener. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az
Shahwar, D. | Iqbal, M.J. | Nisa, M.-U. | Todorovska, M. | Attar, Rukset | Sabitaliyevich, U.Y. | Xu, B.
Review | 2019 | International Journal of Molecular Sciences20 ( 8 ) , pp.88 - 92
Rapidly developing resistance against different therapeutics is a major stumbling block in the standardization of therapy. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated signaling has emerged as one of the most highly and extensively studied signal transduction cascade that induces apoptosis in cancer cells. Rapidly emerging cutting-edge research has helped us to develop a better understanding of the signaling machinery involved in inducing apoptotic cell death. However, excitingly, cancer cells develop resistance against TRAIL-induced apoptosis through different modes. Loss of cell surface expression . . . of TRAIL receptors and imbalance of stoichiometric ratios of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins play instrumental roles in rewiring the machinery of cancer cells to develop resistance against TRAIL-based therapeutics. Natural products have shown excellent potential to restore apoptosis in TRAIL-resistant cancer cell lines and in mice xenografted with TRAIL-resistant cancer cells. Significantly refined information has previously been added and continues to enrich the existing pool of knowledge related to the natural-product-mediated upregulation of death receptors, rebalancing of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins in different cancers. In this mini review, we will set spotlight on the most recently published high-impact research related to underlying mechanisms of TRAIL resistance and how these deregulations can be targeted by natural products to restore TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in different cancers. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland Daha fazlası Daha az
Attar, Rukset | Atasoy, H. | Inal-Gültekin, G. | Timirci-Kahraman, Ö. | Güleç-Yilmaz, S. | Dalan, A.B. | İşbir, Turgay
Article | 2015 | In Vivo29 ( 2 ) , pp.243 - 246
Aim: This study aimed to analyze the relation between uterine leiomyoma (ULM) patients and p.Q192R polymorphism. Materials and Methods: ULM patients (n=76) and healthy women (n=103) were recruited from the Yeditepe University, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. The genotype and allele distribution of p.Q192R was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Genotype and allele frequencies between study groups were calculated by the chisquare (?2) and Fischer's exact test. Results: The frequency of the B allele was lower in patients (p<0.001) and the AB genotype showed a decrease . . .d risk for ULM development (p<0.001). The variation was unrelated to ULM size and number. There was no significant difference between p.Q192R genotype frequencies and fibroid size and number. Conclusion: The heterogeneous AB genotype of PON1 p.Q192R variation could be recognized as a low-risk parameter for the development of ULM in Turkish women. © 2015, International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az
Farooqi, A.A. | Wang, Z. | Hasnain, S. | Attar, Rukset | Aslam, A. | Mansoor, Q. | Ismail, M.
Note | 2015 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention16 ( 6 ) , pp.2575 - 2580
Cancer is a multifaceted and genomically complex disease and rapidly accumulating high impact research is deepening our understanding related to the mechanisms underlying cancer development, progression and resistance to therapeutics. Increasingly it is being realized that genetic/epigenetic mutations, inactivation of tumor suppressor genes, overexpression of oncogenes, deregulation of intracellular signaling cascades and loss of apoptosis are some of the extensively studied aspects. Confluence of information suggested that rapidly developing resistance to therapeutics is adding another layer of complexity and overwhelmingly increas . . .ing preclinical studies are identifying different natural agents with efficacy and minimal off-target effects. We partition this multi-component review into citrus fruits and their bioactive ingredients mediating rebalancing of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins to induce apoptosis in resistant cancer cells. We also discuss how oncogenic protein networks are targeted in cancer cells and how these findings may be verified in preclinical studies Daha fazlası Daha az
Atalay, P.B. | Asci, O. | Kaya, F.O. | Tuna, B.G.
Article | 2017 | Acta Biologica Hungarica68 ( 4 ) , pp.477 - 489
Oxidative stress and chromosome missegregation are important factors that are linked to aneuploidy. A major reason for chromosome missegragation is the inappropriate activity of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), a conserved surveillance mechanism that monitors the state of kinetochore-microtubule attachments to ensure equal chromosome segregation in mitosis. SAC-activation induces a prolonged mitotic arrest. Mitosis is considered the most vulnerable cell cycle phase to several external signals, therefore increasing the time cells spent in this phase via mitotic arrest induction by SAC-activating agents is favorable for cancer t . . .herapy. Cancer cells also display elevated oxidative stress due to abnormally high production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the effect of increased oxidative stress on the duration of mitotic arrest remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of H 2 O 2 -induced oxidative stress on the mitotic arrest induced by a SAC-activating agent (nocodazole) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our data suggest that oxidative stress prolongs SAC-activation induced mitotic arrest in a dose dependent manner. We, in addition, investigated the effect of H 2 O 2 treatment on the mitotic arrest induced independently of SAC-activation by using a conditional mutant (cdc23) and showed that the effect of H 2 O 2 -induced oxidative stress on mitotic arrest is independent of the SAC activity. © 2017 Akademiai Kiado Rt. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az
Attar, Rukset | Tabassum, S. | Fayyaz, S. | Ahmad, M.S. | Nogueira, D.R. | Yaylim, I. | Ismail, M.
Article | 2015 | Cellular and Molecular Biology61 ( 6 ) , pp.62 - 68
Cancer is a multifaceted and genomically complex disease. Research over the years has gradually provided a near complete resolution of cancer landscape and it is now known that genetic/epigenetic mutations, inactivation of tumor suppressors, Overexpression of oncogenes, spatio-temporally dysregulated intracellular signaling cascades, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), metastasis and loss of apoptosis are some of the most extensively studied biological mechanisms that underpin cancer development and progression. Increasingly it is being realized that current therapeutic interventions are becoming ineffective because of tumor . . . heterogeneity and rapidly developing resistance against drugs. Considerable biological activities exerted by bioactive ingredients isolated from natural sources have revolutionized the field of natural product chemistry and rapid developments in preclinical studies are encouraging. Viscum album has emerged as a deeply studied natural source with substantial and multifaceted biological activities. In this review we have attempted to provide recent breakthroughs in existing scientific literature with emphasis on targeting of protein network in cancer cells. We partition this review into different sections, highlighting latest information from cell culture studies, preclinical and clinically oriented studies. We summarized how bioactive ingredients of Viscum album modulated extrinsic and intrinsic pathways in cancer cells. However, surprisingly, none of the study reported stimulatory effects on TRAIL receptors. The review provided in-depth analysis of how Viscum album modulated Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in cancer cells and how bioactive chemicals tactfully targeted cytoskeletal machinery in cancer cells as evidenced by cell culture studies. It is noteworthy that Viscum album has entered into various phases of clinical trials, however, there are still knowledge gaps in our understanding regarding how various bioactive constituents of Viscum album modulate intracellular signaling cascades in cancer. Better and deeper comprehension oncogenic signaling cascades will prove to be helful in getting a step closer to individualized medicine. © 2015 Daha fazlası Daha az
Akkus Sut, P. | Tunc, C.U. | Çulha, Mustafa
Article | 2016 | Journal of Drug Targeting24 ( 8 ) , pp.709 - 719
Abstract: Background: DNA hybridization allows the preparation of nanoscale DNA structures with desired shape and size. DNA structures using simple base pairing can be used for the delivery of drug molecules into the cells. Since DNA carries multiple negative charges, their cellular uptake efficiency is low. Thus, the modification of the DNA structures with molecules that may enhance the cellular internalization may be an option. Objective: The objective of this study is to construct DNA-based nanocarrier system and to investigate the cellular uptake of DNA tile with/without lactose modification. Methods: Doxorubicin was intercalate . . .d to DNA tile and cellular uptake of drug-loaded DNA-based carrier with/without lactose modification was investigated in vitro. HeLa, BT-474, and MDA-MB-231 cancer cells were used for cellular uptake studies and cytotoxicity assays. Using fluorescence spectroscopy, flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy, cellular uptake behavior of DNA tile was investigated. The cytotoxicity of DNA tile structures was determined with WST-1 assay. Results: The results show that modification with lactose effectively increases the intracellular uptake of doxorubicin loaded DNA tile structure by cancer cells compared with the unmodified DNA tile. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that DNA-based nanostructures modified with carbohydrates can be used as suitable multifunctional nanocarriers with simple chemical modifications. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az
Yakar, H.K. | Pinar, R.
Article | 2013 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention14 ( 7 ) , pp.4415 - 4419
Background: Measuring effects of cancer on family caregivers is important to develop methods which can improve their quality of life (QOL). Nevertheless, up to now, only a few tools have been developed to be used in this group. Among those, the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer Scale (CQOLC) has met minimum psychometric criteria in different populations in spite of conflicting results. The present study was conducted to evaluate reliability and validity of CQOLC among Turkish cancer family caregivers. Materials and Methods: The CQOLC was administered to 120 caregivers, along with Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Medical Outcome . . .s Study MOS 36- Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Internal consistency and test-retest stability were used to investigate reliability. Construct validity was examined by using known group method, convergent, and divergent validity. For the known group method, we hypothesized that CQOLC scores would differ between depressed and non-depressed subjects. We investigated convergent validity by correlating scores for CQOLC with scores for other similar measures including SF-36 and STAI. The MSPSS was completed at the same time as CQOLC to provide divergent validity. Results: The values for internal consistency and test-retest correlation were 0.88 and 0.96, respectively. The CQOLC discriminated those who were depressed from those who were not. Convergent validity supported strong correlations between CQOLC scores and two main component scores (PCS, MCS) in SF-36 although there was a weak correlation between CQOLC and STAI scores. Regarding divergent validity, the correlation between CQOLC and MSPSS was in the low range, as expected. Conclusions: The Turkish CQOLC is a reliable and valid tool and it can be utilized to determine QOL of family caregivers Daha fazlası Daha az