Kejanlioglu, D.B. | Çoban, B. | Yanikkaya, B. | Köksalan, M.E.
Article | 2012 | Communications37 ( 3 ) , pp.275 - 296
M.A. Ciblak | M. Hasoksuz | V. Escuret | M. Valette | F. Gul | H. Yilmaz | S. Badur
Article | 2009 | Journal of Medical Virology81 ( 9 ) , pp.1645 - 1651
Monitoring the activity of influenza viruses is important for establishing the circulating types and for detection of the emergence of novel subtypes and antiviral resistant strains. This is the first report from Turkey on the surveillance and oseltamivir resistance of influenza viruses in 2007-2008. Five hundred twenty-four nasal swabs were tested from different geographical regions in Turkey during November 2007-April 2008. One hundred sixty-three (31%) samples were positive for influenza viruses of which 111 (68%) were influenza A, 52 (31%) influenza B using an immuno-capture ELISA. Forty isolates were selected at random from inf . . .luenza A positive samples and grown in MDCK cell cultures. The supernatant of the cell cultures was used for RNA extraction followed by RT-PCR to detect the sub-types. Sub-typing revealed all samples as A/H1N1. The N1 gene segment of 30 A/H1N1 samples was sequenced in part, from the 201st to 365th residue, which included the critical region for oseltamivir resistance. Then resulting sequences were analyzed with oseltamivir sensitive and resistant strains obtained from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) GenBank by CLC Main Workbench Software. H275Y (H274Y according to N2 numbering) mutation, which is known to confer resistance to oseltamivir, was detected in 6 out of 30 (20%) H1N1 isolates from four cities (Istanbul, Bursa, Ankara, and Izmir). The D354G mutation was observed in all oseltamivir resistant H1N1 isolates but not in the oseltamivir sensitive isolates. Assay of neuraminidase activity revealed that these isolates were resistant to oseltamivir, but sensitive to zanamivir. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az
Lüküslü, D. | Osmanoğlu, B.
Article | 2018 | Social Sciences7 ( 3 ) , pp.1645 - 1651
Youth work is a very recent field in Turkey and the evolution of the field has been very much influenced by the European institutions, especially with the European Union candidacy process of Turkey. Youth work in Turkey can be analyzed in three different layers since the central government, local government (municipalities) and civil society organization all have youth work activities. During our Horizon 2020 PARTISPACE research project, we conducted ethnographic research to shed light on the local characteristics of youth work in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. The cases we discuss in the scope of this paper based on our ethnog . . .raphic research includes two youth centers, one run by a central government agency, the Ministry of Youth and Sports, the other by a local municipality run by the party of opposition. The study reveals the influence of local dynamics and political competition in the development of youth policy and youth work. Our research demonstrates that, even if youth work is not a priority in the public policy agenda, it has become an object of political competition in Turkey. © 2018 by the authors Daha fazlası Daha az
Cetin, M. | Doyduk, S.
Conference Object | 2008 | WIT Transactions on the Built Environment102 , pp.129 - 137
The historical process of urban-architectural layering in cities appears to accentuate the role of the intersections between various networks of urban circulation and public spaces from different eras. One of these spaces was recently unearthed in southern Turkey, where many civilizations have accumulated over the course of time. This underground building complex consists of cavities in addition to the remains of the foundations of a 16th century Ottoman bath, as well as the tomb of St. Daniel next to a Roman bridge vault that were recently excavated below 19th century Makam Mosque in Tarsus. The spatial formation here displays an e . . .xtraordinarily complicated three dimensional stratification below the ground. This paper begins with historical research and analysis of space and continues with a design proposal to fuse all the religious, historical, geographical, architectural, spatial and material content into a single tectonic entity. Therefore, in summary, the paper addresses the issues of multi faceted design criteria regarding tangible and intangible aspects, and further discusses the issues such as; how such physical contexts enable multiple readings of history through spatial configuration, how geometrical grammar operates to narrate the history of urban stratification and how state-of-the- art architectural and engineering technology co-exist in historic contexts Daha fazlası Daha az
Zengin, N. | Pinar, R.
Article | 2012 | Nursing and Health Sciences14 ( 3 ) , pp.277 - 284
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale. Data was collected from 128 women who had urinary incontinence using the following instruments: the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale, the Broome Pelvic Muscle Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form, and the Beck Depression Inventory. The validity of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis and convergent and divergent validity analyses. The reliability of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was examined in terms of internal consistency and . . . test-retest correlations. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a three -factor model that had acceptable goodness-of-fit indices. The convergent validity of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was supported by a positive correlation between the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale and the Broome Pelvic Muscle Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale. The divergent validity of the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale was supported by negative relationships between the Continence Self-Efficacy Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. The Cronbach's alpha values regarding internal consistency were 0.94 for the overall scale and 0.92-0.93 for the subscales. Test-retest correlations were 0.75 for the overall scale and 0.52-0.74 for the subscales. The Continence Self-Efficacy Scale is a valid and reliable instrument for use in Turkish women with urinary incontinence. © 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az
Tomruk, C.O. | Oktay, I. | Şençift, K.
Review | 2013 | Journal of Dental Education77 ( 3 ) , pp.348 - 350
The aim of this study was to evaluate differences with regard to local anesthesia education in Turkish dental schools. Questionnaires designed to collect information about local anesthesia education were sent to the heads of the Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of seventeen Turkish dental schools. Eleven returned the completed survey for a response rate of 64 percent. It was determined that dental schools begin the theoretical part of their local anesthesia (LA) curricula during the first half of the third year. Most dental schools start teaching the practical aspects during the second half of the third year on average- . . .half a year after the beginning of the theoretical background. The first injection in humans, usually a fellow student (82 percent), is mostly supervised by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The number of injections under supervision usually depends upon the individual capabilities of the student. None of the schools said they required permission of a medical ethics committee for injections on fellow students. Seventy-three percent of the schools said they were satisfied with their current LA teaching and were not planning to make any changes. Overall, LA teaching programs showed minor variations across the surveyed Turkish dental schools Daha fazlası Daha az
Article | 2007 | Environmental Management39 ( 4 ) , pp.575 - 586
Although environmental management in Turkey is evolving, its performance needs to be assessed in terms of the extent to which polluters and dischargers are complying with their legal obligations. In spite of this necessity, however, not a single study evaluating the effectiveness of command-and-control strategy of environmental management has been conducted. It is for this reason that it was decided to conduct an analysis of the impact of environmental legislation on a major industrial area in Turkey. Accordingly, Turkish environmental legislation was analyzed, and all relevant obligations and responsibilities of industry are identi . . .fied. Based upon this appraisal, a questionnaire was prepared and used to conduct interviews in Tuzla, Istanbul. From the results, it can be concluded that environmental compliance performance of industry is low. The total of 92 parameters has been questioned. Fifty-three parameters have been found as satisfactory compliance, whereas 26 parameters have been classified as partial compliance and 13 as unsatisfactory compliance. The most important reason for inadequate performance is the lack of an effective national and local environmental compliance management system. The other leading reasons are found to be low-level environmental consciousness of the people, absence of environmental management system at the sites, inadequacies in environmental subsidies, and insufficiencies in public environmental infrastructure. Four recommendations are made to increase the effectiveness of compliance management: establishing an effective environmental compliance management system, accelerating public investment for environmental infrastructure, developing financial subsidies and incentive schemes for environmental investments, and encouraging voluntary initiatives. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az
Tunç, M. | Çamdali, U. | Liman, T. | Deger, A.
Article | 2006 | Energy Policy34 ( 17 ) , pp.3284 - 3292
Energy issues are directly related to the development of a country and the living standards of its people. In this study, Turkey's energy resources, installed electric power capacity, electric energy production and consumption rates are investigated and compared with some other countries. And some comments have been made on the future electric energy production investments. Besides, the potentials of Turkey's energy resources are exposed also Turkey's electric energy production strategy is interpreted. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Article | 2015 | Management Decision53 ( 10 ) , pp.2268 - 2286
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationships between universal individual value priorities, feelings and global job satisfaction as well as satisfaction with life in Turkish context. The sub-research question is to learn the moderation effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between values, experienced feelings and life satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach – Analytical type of research design was used, and the data were obtained from 390 respondents who are the employees of different organizations in three cities in Turkey. Four measurement devices (Schwartz’s ten-item Portrait Values Questionnaire . . . (PVQ), Brayfield-Rothe’s overall job satisfaction (OJS), and Diener’s Scale of positive and negative experience (SPANE) and satisfaction with life scale (SWLS)) were employed. Findings – It was understood that the participants are slightly to moderately satisfied both with their job tasks and with the evaluation of global satisfaction of their own lives. The values of self-direction, achievement, hedonism and conformity are positively and strongly linked to job satisfaction and overall satisfaction of life. The moderating effect of job satisfaction is partially confirmed. It was also understood that the priorities of Turkish citizens imply self-centered satisfaction and independency, but not risk taking. Positive affect does influence the magnitude of the association between job satisfaction and life satisfaction. Originality/value – This paper is able to demonstrate the nature of associations between value orientations, experienced feelings, job satisfaction and global life satisfaction in a collectivist culture. The contradictions between value priorities of Turkish citizens and the people of Western countries would be likely interesting for academicians and researchers. © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited Daha fazlası Daha az
Kamaşak, R. | Bulutlar, F.
Article | 2010 | European Business Review22 ( 3 ) , pp.306 - 317
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of knowledge sharing on innovation. Two forms of knowledge sharing are examined, knowledge donating and knowledge collecting. In particular, the effects of knowledge donating and collecting on ambidexterity in organizations are also studied, with ambidexterity defined as the simultaneous achievement of exploratory and exploitative innovation. Design/methodology/approach: Primary data are collected via a questionnaire designed to measure the relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation. Data which were collected from 246 middle and top-level managers in Turkey was . . .explored by multiple regression analysis. Findings: The results showed that knowledge collecting had a significant effect on all types of innovation and ambidexterity, whereas knowledge donating, involving donating inside and outside the group, did not have any effect on exploratory innovation. It was also observed that in-group knowledge donating affected both exploitative innovation and ambidexterity. Research limitations/implications: This paper is limited to Turkish managers. Hence, impact of culture should be considered in future studies. It is advised that future research should be designed for different countries in order to conduct a comparative study. Practical implications: These results provide some information that is useful to decision makers and managers who are in charge of directing innovation strategies in organizations. The study also emphasizes the importance of effective knowledge management that can improve innovativeness in the organizations. Originality/value: Studies comprising the relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation types are not abundant in the academic literature. So, the paper provides practical information to a relatively unexplored area. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited Daha fazlası Daha az
Article | 2011 | International Journal of Cultural Policy17 ( 2 ) , pp.187 - 197
Religious tendencies have become more visible around the world during the last two decades, moving further from the private to the public domain. Taking Turkey as a case in point, this article will explore how religious organizations have been active in developing cultural polices designed to shape the attitudes and behaviours of particular groups of people. After reflecting briefly on the significance of the historic relations between Christianity and Islam in culture-shaping activities, the article will explore the attempts of Islamic sects to influence the culture of three social groups in contemporary Turkey: youth, rural women . . .in cities and the potential audiences of specific TV and radio channels. © 2011 Taylor & Francis Daha fazlası Daha az
Türkekul, I. | Yilmaz, N. | Şahin, Fikrettin | Bayrak, Ö.F.
Article | 2010 | Asian Journal of Chemistry22 ( 2 ) , pp.1479 - 1486
The aim of this study is to determine the amount and composition of fatty acids in 6 edible mushroom species belonging to the different families grown in the middle Black sea region (Tokat, Amasya, Ordu provinces). The amount and composition of fatty acids in dried mushrooms samples were detected with a gas chromatography. The fatty acids were determined using the fatty acids methyl-esters standards. Fatty acids with 10-20 numbers were ocurred in mushrooms samples. Also, fatty acids with a single carbon and single double bound were found. Linoleic acid (18:2 w6c) occurred more than 50 % in most of the samples studied. Fatty acit ana . . .lysis of the mushroom in the present study showed that unsaturated fatty acids were higher than the unsaturated fatty acids Daha fazlası Daha az