Usluata, A. | Bal, E.A.
Review | 2007 | Business Communication Quarterly70 ( 1 ) , pp.98 - 102
[No abstract available]
Review | 2018 | International Journal of Constitutional Law16 ( 4 ) , pp.1101 - 1120
Many scholars have asserted that in countries where one political party dominates the political sphere, the likelihood of judges deciding against the government diminishes. Although the underlying logic of this argument is quite appealing, it does not explain why in certain cases judges ignore possible political retaliation and give anti-government decisions. Arguing that judicial preferences and the political context under which judges operate are in constant interaction, the goal of this article is to explain whether, and to what extent, the judges' preferences moderate the impact of political fragmentation on the court's invalida . . .tion of laws. The study uses an original data set including all decisions made by the Turkish Constitutional Court between 1984 and 2010. The empirical findings show that while the court's political preferences vastly attenuate the impact of the political context on judicial behavior, its legal preferences have a trivial moderating effect. To put it more specifically, the results show that the effect of political fragmentation on judicial behavior highly decreases when there is a weak political alignment between the court and the government enacting the law under review. Moreover, the findings show that even under favorable political conditions for assertive behav¬ ior, the judges abstain from annulling laws based on individual rights violations. © The Author(s) 2019. Oxford University Press and New Yor Daha fazlası Daha az
Review | 2011 | Turkderm Deri Hastaliklari ve Frengi Arsivi45 ( SUPPL. 2 ) , pp.90 - 98
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common skin disorders with an increasing prevalance, affecting %10-20 of young children. It is a chronically relapsing, pruritic inflammatory disease commonly associated with inhalant and food allergies. This article summarizes the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical findings, diagnostic criteria, differential diagnoses and therapeutic approaches of AD in infantile and childhood period in the light of the recent scientific data.
Yilmaz, M. | Bilir, Y.A. | Aygün, G. | Erzin, Y. | Ozturk, R. | Celik, A.F.
Review | 2012 | European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology24 ( 6 ) , pp.688 - 694
Objective: Antibiotic-associated hemorrhagic colitis is a distinct form of antibiotic-associated bloody diarrhea (AABD) in which Clostridium difficile is absent. Although the cause is not exactly known, reports have suggested the role of Klebsiella oxytoca and/or C. difficile. Materials and Methods: Between 2001 and 2006, stool samples of 21 consecutive patients with AABD were cultured for common enteric pathogens and K. oxytoca, and were tested for the presence of parasites and C. difficile toxin A+B within the first 24 h of their initial admission and a colonoscopy was performed when available. The patients were followed up prospe . . .ctively by telephone interviews. Results: The occurrence of symptoms ranged between 6 h and 14 days following the first dose of the antibiotic responsible and the duration of the AABD ranged between 6 h and 21 days. The antibiotic responsible was oral ampicillin/sulbactam in 18 (85%) cases. C. difficile toxin A+B production by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and K. oxytoca growth in stool cultures were detected in six (29%) and 11 (51%) of 21 patients, respectively. Endoscopic morphology and histology in a limited number of patients revealed no more than a nonspecific inflammation and acute colitis, respectively. Conclusion: This study confirms that antibiotic- associated hemorrhagic colitis, as a distinct entity in relation to K. oxytoca, is seen in half of the patients with AABD. Most of the cases are seen within a week following the antibiotic use. Almost all of the patients did not develop any flares during the long-term antibiotic-free follow-up. In some of the patients with AABD, there was coexistence of K. oxytoca with C. difficile toxin A+B. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Daha fazlası Daha az
Guclu, B | Naderi, S
Review | 2011 | JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES-TURKISH28 ( 3 ) , pp.417 - 426
Degenerative disc disease is among the important causes of low back pain. This condition leads to serious clinical and economical consequences. There are many obscurities from the clinical point of view, requiring experimental models to highlight different aspect of this process. This study will review experimental models of intervertebral disc degeneration.
Atay, E.F. | Güven, M. | Çakar, M. | Başsxsorgun, C.I. | Akman, B. | Bes, C.
Review | 2011 | Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association101 ( 3 ) , pp.269 - 274
An intraosseous lipoma is a rare benign bone lesion that proliferates from mature lipocytes. It occurs most frequently in the lower limb, particularly in the calcaneus. The talus is an unusual location for this rare lesion. A review of the literature produced only two reports with talar intraosseous lipomas under the name of intraosseous lipomatosis, which described multiple lipomas in different areas. We describe a 38-year-old male patient who had an isolated intraosseous lipoma with an osteochondral defect in the talus and was treated with autologous osteochondral graft transplantation by medial malleolar osteotomy. He could walk . . .with full weightbearing without any assistance at the end of 12 months. Intraosseous lipoma localized in the talus may be confused radiologically with other bone lesions, especially with unicameral bone cyst, if it is associated with an osteochondral defect. Autologous osteochondral graft transplantation is a successful treatment method for talar intraosseous lipoma Daha fazlası Daha az
Review | 2015 | POLITICAL STUDIES REVIEW13 ( 2 ) , pp.314 - 315
Cissé, M. | Yalçındağ, S. | Kergosien, Y. | Şahin, E. | Lenté, C. | Matta, A.
Review | 2017 | Operations Research for Health Care13-14 , pp.1 - 22
The home health care routing and scheduling problem (HHCRSP) consists of designing a set of routes used by care workers to provide care to patients who live in the same geographic area and who must be treated at home. Hence, care activities, i.e., patient visits, must be planned to minimize measures, such as travel costs or to maximize the quality of service delivered to patients while respecting several constraints. The HHCRSP is an extension of the vehicle routing problem (VRP) with unusual side-constraints that make the issues difficult to solve. This paper details a comprehensive overview of recent OR models developed for the HH . . .CRSP, a field that has received a great amount of attention in recent years. To summarize the existing research contributions, we initially identify the most relevant features considered in the HHCRSP models, and then analyze the existing literature according to the way the different studies formulate the constraints and objective functions. We then provide an overview of methods developed to solve the HHCRSP and discuss future research directions. © 2017 Elsevier Lt Daha fazlası Daha az
Eken, B | Verimli, A | Izbirak, G | Er, FO
Review | 2008 | ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY9 ( 3 ) , pp.169 - 178
Lamotrigine is a novel anticonvulsant drug which has multiple mechanisms of action. Along with epilepsy, it has become the treatment of choice in many areas of medicine, including various psychiatric disorders and pain syndromes. In psychiatry, there are several studies reporting the efficacy of lamotrigine in the treatment of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, cocaine dependence, posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder. In these studies, lamotrigine was seen to be well tolerated, to be an effective mood stabilizer, to be significantly more effective in schizophrenia when given as adjunctive therapy to clozap . . .ine. However it requires medical attention when combined with other antipsychotics except for clozapine due to possible iatrogrenic worsening of psychiatric symptoms. Lamotrigine has been reported to have positive treatment effects for other potential clinical applications in limited number of reports. The literature related with lamotrigine use for the treatment of different psychiatric disorders has been reviewed in this paper Daha fazlası Daha az
Review | 2017 | CYPRUS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES2 ( 2 ) , pp.29 - 34
One of the most serious chronic complications of diabetes is diabetic foot infections. Neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease and trauma are among the leading factors to development of diabetic foot ulcers and predispose to progress the diseases to diabetic foot infections. Delay of diagnosis and treatment and poor antibiotic treatment of diabetic foot infections can result in amputation. Diabetic foot ulcers and infections are the main causes of foot amputation around the world. The five-year survival rate of patients underwent foot amputation due to diabetic foot infections is low. With this review it's aimed to give information . . .about the current epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis and antimicrobial therapy of diabetic foot infections. In addition it's intended to give the results of Dermobor treatment in small number of cases with diabetic foot ulcers and infections Daha fazlası Daha az
Yildirim, E | Soncu Buyukiscan, E
Review | 2019 | TURK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI30 ( 4 ) , pp.279 - 286
Objective: Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by functional and structural changes in the brain that are increasingly better visualized with the advances in new brain imaging techniques. Connectivity changes under the resting state condition especially in the internal connectivity network, named as the default mode network (DMN), are observed in AD. This paper aimed to investigate and discuss the findings on DMN connectivity. Method: The studies carried out by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), using the two most widely applied techniques, the seed-based method and independent componen . . .t analysis (ICA), have been investigated. Results: Studies generally indicate a progressive impairment in DMN connectivity during the course of AD. It has been also stated that DMN subsystems show differential connectivity patterns in the preclinical and prodromal stages of AD. There is also evidence suggesting that impairment in DMN connectivity could be associated with different connectivity patterns in other networks. Furthermore, findings point towards a relationship between DMN and AD-related neuropathology and genetic risk factors. Conclusion: It may be proposed that AD is a generalized disconnection syndrome that causes functional impairments in resting state networks, particularly in DMN. In addition to this, AD-related functional connectivity changes observed in preclinical cases and risk carriers might be a potential bio-marker for AD Daha fazlası Daha az
Atay, V. | Yarali, H. | Bozdag, G. | Ozisik, G. | Akin, D. | Muhcu, M.
Review | 2007 | Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents17 ( 2 ) , pp.137 - 145
At present, the most widely used medications for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) include clomifene citrate (CC) and gonadotropins. CC is a safe, effective and cheap agent for COH; however, antiestrogenic effects on endometrium and cervical mucous may prevent pregnancy despite successful ovulation. Failure of CC usually warrants gonadotropins, which are associated with high cost, parenteral administration, high risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and multiple pregnancy. In these circumstances, aromatase inhibitors (Als) should be considered as an alternative regimen with or without exogenous gonadotropins in patients . . .who failed to ovulate with CC. Absence of persistent antiestrogenic effect due to their short half-life, lack of estrogen receptor depletion and promising outcome in patients with poor ovarian response are the prominent advantages. This review is aimed at providing insight to the chemical structure and pharmacokinetics of Als and their (in particular, letrozole) clinical utility in hyperstimulated or in vitro fertilization cycles. The potential teratogenic effects are also discussed. © 2007 Informa UK Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az