Gene expression levels of elastin and fibulin-5 according to differences between carotid plaque regions

Sivrikoz, E. | Timirci-Kahraman, Ö. | Ergen, A. | Zeybek, Ü. | Aksoy, M. | Yanar, F. | Kurto?lu, M.

Article | 2015 | In Vivo29 ( 2 ) , pp.229 - 236

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the gene expression levels of elastin and fibulin-5 according to differences between carotid plaque regions and to correlate it with clinical features of plaque destabilization. Materials and Methods: The study included 44 endarterectomy specimens available from operated symptomatic carotid artery stenoses. The specimens were separated according to anatomic location: internal carotid artery (ICA), external carotid artery (ECA) and common carotid artery (CCA), and then stored in liquid nitrogen. The amounts of cDNA for elastin and fibulin-5 were determined by Quantitative real-time PC . . .R (Q-RT-PCR). Target gene copy numbers were normalized using hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT1) gene. The delta-delta CT method was applied for relative quantification. Results: Q-RT-PCR data showed that relative fibulin-5 gene expression was increased in ICA plaque regions when compared to CCA regions but not reaching significance (p=0.061). At the same time, no differences were observed in elastin mRNA level between different anatomic plaque regions (p>0.05). Moreover, elastin and fibulin-5 mRNA expression and clinical parameters were compared in ICA plaques versus CCA and ECA regions, respectively. Up-regulation of elastin and fibulin-5 mRNA levels in ICA were strongly correlated with family history of cardiovascular disease when compared to CCA ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Association between CDKN1A Ser31Arg and C20T gene polymorphisms and colorectal cancer risk and prognosis

Cacina, C. | Yaylim-Eraltan, I. | Arikan, S. | Saglam, E.K. | Zeybek, U. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2010 | In Vivo24 ( 2 ) , pp.179 - 183

Background: CDKN1A (p21WAF1/CIP1) plays an important role in cell cycle regulation. Somatic alterations in genes which regulate cell division have been shown to be related to different types of cancer prognosis and survival. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the CDKN1A Ser31Arg and C20T gene polymorphisms in Turkish patients with colorectal cancer. Patients and Methods: CDKN1A Ser/Arg and C20T polymorphisms were studied in 53 patients with colorectal cancer and 64 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and genotypes were determinated by the restriction fragment length . . .polymorphism (RFLP) method. Results: There were statistically significant differences in the distribution of CDKN1A Ser/Arg genotypes and allele frequencies between colorectal cancer patients and healthy controls (p=0.040 and p=0.01, respectively). CDKN1A C20T genotype frequency did not show any significant differences between patients and controls. We combined the results for C20T and Ser31Arg polymorphisms and observed that a lower risk of colorectal cancer was associated with CT/SerArg combined genotypes compared to controls and this difference was statistically significant (p=0.024; odds ratio (OR)=0.322, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.114-0.912). C20T C allele and SerSer genotypes significantly increased risk compared to other combined genotypes (p=0.034; OR=1.265, 95% CI=1.020-1.569). Conclusion: The results of present study demonstrated that, potentially, CDKN1A functional polymorphisms may contribute to the risk of colorectal cancer in Turkish Daha fazlası Daha az

Cumulus cells are potential candidates for cell therapy

Mohammed, E.E. | Yilmaz, S. | Akcin, O.A. | Nalbantoglu, B. | Ficicioglu, C. | Şahin, Fikrettin | Coban, E.A.

Article | 2019 | In Vivo33 ( 6 ) , pp.1921 - 1927

Background/Aim: Cumulus cells (CCs) originate from the membrane granulosa cells and surround oocytes during follicle maturation. CCs produce high levels of hyaluronan that targets CD44, which is a major tumorigenic marker. This study aimed to investigate whether CCs have a role in cell therapy by targeting CD44 in pancreatic cancer cells. Materials and Methods: CCs were isolated from the oocytes and incubated in a hypoxic environment. BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cells were treated with CC conditioned media for three days. Results: Conditioned media of CC cells incubated in hypoxic conditions caused a 25% reduction in the viability of B . . .xPC-3 cells. Expression of anti-apoptotic genes was down-regulated, while that of pro-apoptotic genes was upregulated. An increased number of BxPC-3 cells exhibited increased levels of reactive oxygen species and arrested in the synthesis (S) phase of the cell cycle. Conclusion: CCs conditioned medium induced apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells. © 2019 International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Association of vitamin D receptor Taq I polymorphism and susceptibility to oral squamous cell carcinoma

Bektaş-Kayhan, K. | Ünür, M. | Yaylim-Eraltan, I. | Ergen, H.A. | Toptaş, B. | Hafiz, G. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2010 | In Vivo24 ( 5 ) , pp.755 - 760

Background: It has been hypothesised that vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms may influence both the risk of cancer occurrence and prognosis. Materials and Methods: The distribution of VDR Taq I polymorphism in 64 patients with OSCC was determined by polymerase chain reaction based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and compared with that of 87 healthy controls. Results: There was a significant difference in the distribution of VDR Taq I genotypes between OSCC patients and healthy controls. Patients with the VDR Tt genotype were found to be at significantly higher risk for OSCC than those with other genotypes (p . . .=0.036). In particular, female OSCC patients were at higher risk ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Paraoxonase1 192 (PON1 192) gene polymorphism and serum paraoxonase activity in panic disorder patients

Atasoy, H. | Güleç-Yilmaz, S. | Ergen, A. | Görmüş, U. | Küçükhüseyin, Ö. | Dalan, B. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2015 | In Vivo29 ( 1 ) , pp.51 - 54

Background/Aim: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the development of certain neuropsychiatric disorders. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity has been suggested to be adversely related to oxidative stress in plasma. The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the relationship between serum PON1 activity and PON1 192 polymorphism in panic disorder (PD). Materials and Methods: Fourty-two patients with PD and 46 healthy controls were included in this study. PON1 192 genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. PON1 activity was measured by spectrophot . . .ometric assay of p-nitrophenol production following the addition of paraoxon. Results: PON1 192 AA genotype and A allele in PD were significantly higher than in the control group, whereas the B allele was found to be significantly higher in the control group. Patients with panic disorder have lower PON1 activity than the control group. Conclusion: The PON1 192 AA genotype may increase the risk of PD depending on lipid peroxidation Daha fazlası Daha az

Functional genetic variants in apoptosis-associated FAS and FASL genes and risk of bladder cancer in a Turkish population

Verim, L. | Timirci-Kahraman, O. | Akbulut, H. | Akbas, A. | Ozturk, T. | Turan, S. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2014 | In Vivo28 ( 3 ) , pp.397 - 402

Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the role of functional polymorphisms of apoptosis-associated Fatty acid synthase (FAS) and fatty acid synthase ligand (FASL) genes in bladder cancer susceptibility as first presentation in a Turkish population. Patients and Methods: Genotypes of 91 patients with bladder cancer and 101 healthy controls were evaluated for the polymorphism of FAS-1377 G/A and FASL-844 T/C genes by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results: The frequency of the FAS-1377 G allele was significantly higher in patients with bladder cancer compared to controls (p

The effects of PON1 gene Q192R variant on the development of uterine leiomyoma in Turkish patients

Attar, Rukset | Atasoy, H. | Inal-Gültekin, G. | Timirci-Kahraman, Ö. | Güleç-Yilmaz, S. | Dalan, A.B. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2015 | In Vivo29 ( 2 ) , pp.243 - 246

Aim: This study aimed to analyze the relation between uterine leiomyoma (ULM) patients and p.Q192R polymorphism. Materials and Methods: ULM patients (n=76) and healthy women (n=103) were recruited from the Yeditepe University, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. The genotype and allele distribution of p.Q192R was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Genotype and allele frequencies between study groups were calculated by the chisquare (?2) and Fischer's exact test. Results: The frequency of the B allele was lower in patients (p<0.001) and the AB genotype showed a decrease . . .d risk for ULM development (p<0.001). The variation was unrelated to ULM size and number. There was no significant difference between p.Q192R genotype frequencies and fibroid size and number. Conclusion: The heterogeneous AB genotype of PON1 p.Q192R variation could be recognized as a low-risk parameter for the development of ULM in Turkish women. © 2015, International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Association of CCL2 and CCR2 gene variants with endometrial cancer in Turkish women

Rukset, A. | Bedia, A. | Sibel, B.K. | Canan, C. | Seyma, S. | Leman, M.Y. | Turgay, I.

Article | 2010 | In Vivo24 ( 2 ) , pp.243 - 248

Chemokines and their receptors play diverse roles in malignant tumor progression, particularly as key mediators of tumor stroma interactions. C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) also called monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), belongs to the C-C motif chemokine sub-family and is currently believed to mediate its actions through one receptor, C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2). CCL2 has been identified as a major chemokine inducing the recruitment of macrophages in human tumors, including those of the bladder, cervix, ovary, lung and breast. In this study of Turkish women, the association of CCL2 A2518G and CCR2 V64I polymo . . .rphisms with endometrial cancer was investigated using 50 endometrial cancer patients and 211 controls. In our study, individuals with CCL2 A2518G GG genotype showed a 6.7-fold increased risk for endometrial cancer ( Daha fazlası Daha az

The relationship between sepsis-induced immunosuppression and serum toll-like receptor 9 level

Atalan, N. | Acar, L. | Yapici, N. | Kudsioglu, T. | Ergen, A. | Yilmaz, S.G. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2018 | In Vivo32 ( 6 ) , pp.1653 - 1658

Background/Aim: Our aim was to determine serum TLR-9 levels in sepsis and evaluate the relationship between sepsis and serum TLR-9 levels. Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 80 consecutive patients with sepsis and 100 healthy individuals. The demographic characteristics, co-morbidities and hemodynamic data of all patients were recorded. Results: TLR-9 serum levels in sepsis were statistically significantly lower compared to the control group. It was also seen that when the lactate level was >5 mmol/l in patients in the sepsis group, the serum TLR-9 levels were substantially higher. Conclusion: There is a relationshi . . .p between sepsis-induced immunosuppression and serum TLR-9 levels. The host immunity system can be activated by means of TLR-9-related systems, while hyperlactatemia may play a stimulating role in the re-activation of the immune system. © 2018 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

The evaluation of glutathione reductase and malondialdehyde levels in patients with lumbar disc degeneration disease

Bakirezer, S.D. | Yaltirik, C.K. | Kaya, A.H. | Yilmaz, S.G. | Ozdogan, S. | Billur, D. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2019 | In Vivo33 ( 3 ) , pp.811 - 814

Background/Aim: Increased oxidative stress plays a crucial role in pathogenesis of various diseases. The present study aims to investigate glutathione reductase (GR) and malondialdehyde (MDA) enzymes as markers of oxidative stress mechanisms in lumbar disc degeneration disease (LDDD). Patients and Methods: The study group consisted of 39 patients diagnosed with LDD and 37 healthy individuals in the control group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to determine serum GR and MDA levels in the two study groups. Results: Serum GR levels were significantly lower (p=0.008), while MDA levels were significantly hi . . .gher in the patient group compared to the controls (p=0.025). Conclusion: Oxidative stress mechanisms play a crucial role in disc degeneration and GR deficiency could be an eligible risk factor for LDDD. © 2019 International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

Polymorphisms of MMP9 and TIMP2 in patients with varicose veins

Kunt, A.T. | Isbir, S. | Gormus, U. | Kahraman, O.T. | Arsan, S. | Yilmaz, S.G. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2015 | In Vivo29 ( 4 ) , pp.461 - 465

Background: Genetic predisposition is a suggested risk factor in the etiology of varicose veins. The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family degrades extracellular matrix (ECM) and may lead to disturbances in vein wall structure. The activity of MMPs in the ECM are controlled by specific tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMP). The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between MMP9 and TIMP2 gene polymorphisms and varicose vein risk. Materials and Methods: Genotyping of the polymorphisms of MMP9 (1562 C/T) and TIMP2 (418G/C) was performed using polymerase chain reaction and restriction-fragment length polymorphism assays in a g . . .roup of patients with varicose veins (n=63) and healthy controls (n=70). Results: The frequencies of MMP9 alleles and genotypes did not differ significantly between patient and control groups. However, TIMP2-418 C allele was associated with increased risk for varicose vein formation (p=0.007). It was also shown that the frequency of the GG genotype was significantly higher in the control group than in the patient group (odds ratio=0.333, 95% confidence interval=0.14-0.78, p=0.012). Conclusion: TIMP2-418 C allele is associated with susceptibility for varicose vein formation and individuals with GG genotype may have a lower risk for varicose vein formation Daha fazlası Daha az

RRM1, RRM2 and ERCC2 gene polymorphisms in coronary artery disease

Altinkilic, E.M. | Sbr, S. | Gormus, U. | Yilmaz, S.G. | Dalan, A.B. | Duman, S. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2016 | In Vivo30 ( 5 ) , pp.611 - 615

Background/Aim: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a chronic inflammatory disease seen as formation of atherosclerotic plaques (atheroma) in coronary arteries. Recent published papers show that DNA damage and repair mechanisms play a crucial role on the development and severity of atheromas. In this study, we investigated nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway-related gene polymorphisms in atherosclerosis. XPD, encoded by ERCC2 gene, is an ATPdepended helicase enzyme involved in the NER pathway. Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) is a tetra meric enzyme, synthesizing deoxyribonucleotides from ribonucleotides for DNA synthesis. RR is enco . . .ded by the RRM1 and RRM2 genes, which are two subunits of RR enzyme. Materials and Methods: DNA samples isolated from peripheral blood were genotyped with real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for RRM1 (rs12806698), RRM2(rs6859180) and ERCC2 (rs13181) genes. Results: The frequency of the RRM1 AC heterozygote genotype was found to be significantly lower (odds ratio (OR)=0.369, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.179-0.760; p=0.006), whereas the CC homozygote genotype was found to be significantly higher in patients compared to controls (OR=7.636, 95% CI=2.747-21.229; p=0.000). In addition, the RRM1 A allele was higher in control group (p=0.000, OR=0.131 95%CI=0.047-0.364). For the ERCC2 gene, GG genotype was significantly higher in control group (p=0.017, OR=0.387, 95%CI=0.175-0.152) and TT genotype (p=0.021) was higher in CAD group. TT genotype had a ~3-fold increased risk (OR=3.615, 95%CI=1.148-11.380) for CAD. Carrying T allele appears to be a risk factor for CAD (p=0.017, OR=2.586, 95%CI=1.173-5.699), while the G allele might be a risk-reducing factor (p=0.021, OR=0.277, 95%CI=0.088-0.871) for CAD. Conclusion: RRM1 and ERCC gene polymorphisms, having homozygous mutant genotype, might be a risk factor for CAD. RRM1 and ERCC wild type alleles are risk-reducing factor for CAD. Also, carrying RRM1 A allele might have a protective effect for smokers Daha fazlası Daha az

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