Fibrous bone tissue engineering scaffolds prepared by wet spinning of PLGA

Abay Akar, N. | Gürel Peközer, G. | Torun Köse, G.

Article | 2019 | Turkish Journal of Biology43 ( 4 ) , pp.235 - 245

Having a self-healing capacity, bone is very well known to regenerate itself without leaving a scar. However, critical size defects due to trauma, tumor, disease, or infection involve bone graft surgeries in which complication rate is relatively at high levels. Bone tissue engineering appears as an alternative for grafting. Fibrous scaffolds are useful in tissue engineering applications since they have a high surface-to-volume ratio, and adjustable, highly interconnected porosity to enhance cell adhesion, survival, migration, and proliferation. They can be produced in a wide variety of fiber sizes and organizations. Wet spinning is . . .a convenient way to produce fibrous scaffolds with consistent fiber size and good mechanical properties. In this study, a fibrous bone tissue engineering scaffold was produced using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA). Different concentrations (20%, 25%, and 30%) of PLGA (PLA:PGA 75:25) (Mw = 66,000–107,000) were wet spun using coagulation baths composed of different ratios (75:25, 60:40, 50:50) of isopropanol and distilled water. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and in vitro degradation studies were performed to characterize the fibrous PLGA scaffolds. Mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from rat bone marrow, characterized by flow cytometry and seeded onto scaffolds to determine the most appropriate fibrous structure for cell proliferation. According to the results of SEM, degradation studies and cell proliferation assay, 20% PLGA wet spun in 60:40 coagulation bath was selected as the most successful condition for the preparation of wet-spun scaffolds. Wet spinning of different concentrations of PLGA (20%, 25%, 30%) dissolved in dichloromethane using different isopropanol:distilled water ratios of coagulation baths (75:25, 60:40, 50:50) were shown in this study. © TÜBİTAK Daha fazlası Daha az

Development of antimicrobial gelatin films with boron derivatives

Argin, S. | Gülerim, M. | Şahin, Fikrettin

Article | 2019 | Turkish Journal of Biology43 ( 1 ) , pp.47 - 57

Food packaging technology has been advancing to provide safe and high quality food products and to minimize food waste. Moreover, there is a dire need to replace plastic materials in order to reduce environmental pollution. The aim of this study was to prepare biodegradable antimicrobial packaging films from gelatin. Boric acid, disodium octaborate tetrahydrate, and sodium pentaborate were incorporated as the antimicrobial agents. Films containing boric acid and its salts showed antibacterial effect against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as well as antifungal and anticandidal effects against Aspergillus niger and . . .Candida albicans. The mechanical strength of the films was mostly enhanced by the addition of boron derivatives. The rheological measurements and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy results suggest that boron derivatives did not interfere with the network formation during gelling. The morphology of boron-added antimicrobial films was found to be similar to the morphology of the control. In conclusion, the newly developed gelatin films containing 10% or 15% disodium octaborate (g/g gelatin) might be good candidates for biodegradable antimicrobial packaging materials. © TÜBİTAK Daha fazlası Daha az

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