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Self-efficacy perspective on oral health among Turkish pre-adolescents

Basak, C.A. | Nilufer, K. | Murtomaa, H.

Article | 2005 | Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry3 ( 4 ) , pp.209 - 215

Objective: To assess the association between toothbrushing and dietary self-efficacy and oral health status and behaviour related to it among Turkish pre-adolescents. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of Turkish school pre-adolescents aged 10 to 12 (n = 611) by oral health examinations (OHE) and self-administered health behaviour questionnaire (PHBQ). The PHBQ, including new Toothbrushing (TBSES), and modified Dietary Self-Efficacy (DSES), was designed to survey pre-adolescents' oral, dietary and general hygiene behaviour by psychosocial factors. An OHE based on World Health Organization criteria was implemented. The pa . . .rticipation rate was 97% (n = 591), and 95% (n = 584) for PHBQ and OHE. Multiple linear regression analysis, descriptive statistics, factor and item analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, chi-square test, and Student t-test were applied. Results: Pre-adolescents, mostly with regular toothbrushing habits (69% at least once a day) and high levels of irregular dental visits (79%) had as their mean DMFS figure 3.77 ± 3.37. Principal component analysis for TBSES and DSES revealed that four factors met the Kaiser Criteria, accounting for 50.2% of total variance. Scales with good internal consistency and test-retest stability were associated with professionally (DMFS) and self-assessed dental health (p < 0.05). A similar tendency appeared between self-assessed gingival health and DSES (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Self-efficacy beliefs were associated with oral health and related behaviour among pre-adolescents. Further research is needed for implementation of scales to enhance oral health Daha fazlası Daha az

Past and future contributions to traditional medicine in the health care system of the Middle-East

Yeşilada, Erdem

Article | 2005 | Journal of Ethnopharmacology100 ( 01.02.2020 ) , pp.135 - 137

Due to the rich cultural heritage and relatively rich flora, a wealth of knowledge on traditional and folk medicine has been accumulated in the Middle-East. However, except Turkey, the number of ethnobotanical field studies is few and mainly focused on Unani medicine, which is practised widespread in the southern communities. Urgent scientific field surveys should be conducted among the native people in order to document the wealth of knowledge on folk medicine, other than Unani medicine, before it will be lost by the erosive effects of modernization. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dental trauma and mouthguard usage among ice hockey players in Turkey premier league

Çaglar, E. | Kargul, B. | Tanboga, I.

Article | 2005 | Dental Traumatology21 ( 1 ) , pp.29 - 31

An epidemiological survey was carried out among the ice hockey players of Turkish Premier Ice Hockey League. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental trauma in youth and adult ice hockey players, as well as to check if the players were aware of mouthguards and had used any. The players were interviewed to determine the occurrence of dental trauma during ice hockey and mouthguard usage level. Results revealed that awareness of Turkish ice hockey players to dental trauma is neglected while the majority of players also demonstrated limited utilization of mouthguard. © Blackwell Munksgaard, 2005.

History of neurosurgery and neurosurgical applications in Turkey

Naderi, S. | Erbengi, A.

Article | 2005 | Surgical Neurology64 ( SUPPL. 2 ) , pp.29 - 31

Although there is evidence of applications of cranial surgery in ancient times, it is commonly accepted that modern surgery started in the late 19th century. The advancements in anesthesiology and aseptic techniques were the main factors contributing to this process. Surgery of the nervous system, however, has a relatively shorter history than surgery of other systems. The process of surgical development in Turkey did not differ from most Western countries. Modern surgery started in 1890 in Turkey. In the beginning, neurosurgical applications were performed by general surgeons. Most of these applications included procedures for cran . . .iocerebral traumas and infections and procedures for pain relief. The first neurosurgeon, Dr Tuner, started working in 1923, operating in some spinal cord and brain tumor and trigeminal neuralgia cases. Other neurosurgeons, Dr Dilek, Dr Baydur, and Dr Kankat, were trained in France and started to work in the mid 1930s. The first neurosurgery department was established in Istanbul in 1923, and the first neurosurgery training program started in the late 1940s. Today, there are more than 50 neurosurgery training centers and more than 500 neurosurgeons in Turkey. There is an increasing number of publications by Turkish neurosurgeons, contributing to the total body of literature in neurosurgery. The current state of neurosurgery in Turkey is parallel to that of the advanced Western countries. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

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