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The not so new Turkish woman: A statistical look at women in two Istanbul neighborhoods

O'Neill, M.-L. | Guler, F.

Article | 2009 | Journal of International Women's Studies11 ( 2 ) , pp.157 - 174

Using survey data gathered from nearly 400 women living in two Istanbul neighborhoods, this article explores issues of work, education, family and feminism. In addition to presenting the findings we argue that there is a continued gap between the ideal of the Republican woman and the actual practices of this group of Turkish women. The picture of these Turkish women that emerged from this survey is that of women still largely in the grips of an ideal born in the early days of the Turkish Republic. However, it also became clear that there also exist rifts between belief and practice in the lives of these women: they seem to believe i . . .n many facets of the Republican woman while at the same time the practices they engage in belie some aspects of this belief. Ultimately, it seems that in some respects they are in the process of constructing their own idea of a Turkish woman while at the same time some aspects of these women's lives remain deeply bound by traditional notions of gender Daha fazlası Daha az

Surveillance and oseltamivir resistance of human influenza A virus in Turkey during the 2007-2008 season

M.A. Ciblak | M. Hasoksuz | V. Escuret | M. Valette | F. Gul | H. Yilmaz | S. Badur

Article | 2009 | Journal of Medical Virology81 ( 9 ) , pp.1645 - 1651

Monitoring the activity of influenza viruses is important for establishing the circulating types and for detection of the emergence of novel subtypes and antiviral resistant strains. This is the first report from Turkey on the surveillance and oseltamivir resistance of influenza viruses in 2007-2008. Five hundred twenty-four nasal swabs were tested from different geographical regions in Turkey during November 2007-April 2008. One hundred sixty-three (31%) samples were positive for influenza viruses of which 111 (68%) were influenza A, 52 (31%) influenza B using an immuno-capture ELISA. Forty isolates were selected at random from inf . . .luenza A positive samples and grown in MDCK cell cultures. The supernatant of the cell cultures was used for RNA extraction followed by RT-PCR to detect the sub-types. Sub-typing revealed all samples as A/H1N1. The N1 gene segment of 30 A/H1N1 samples was sequenced in part, from the 201st to 365th residue, which included the critical region for oseltamivir resistance. Then resulting sequences were analyzed with oseltamivir sensitive and resistant strains obtained from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) GenBank by CLC Main Workbench Software. H275Y (H274Y according to N2 numbering) mutation, which is known to confer resistance to oseltamivir, was detected in 6 out of 30 (20%) H1N1 isolates from four cities (Istanbul, Bursa, Ankara, and Izmir). The D354G mutation was observed in all oseltamivir resistant H1N1 isolates but not in the oseltamivir sensitive isolates. Assay of neuraminidase activity revealed that these isolates were resistant to oseltamivir, but sensitive to zanamivir. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

A dynamic econometric model of suicides in Turkey

Altinanahtar, A. | Halicioglu, F.

Article | 2009 | Journal of Socio-Economics38 ( 6 ) , pp.903 - 907

This study is the first attempt to empirically examine the determinants of suicides in the case of Turkey using the time-series data for the period 1974-2007. This research proposes that the suicides in Turkey are related to some economic and social factors and they exhibit a dynamic relationship amongst them. Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration testing procedure is employed to obtain the short-run and long-run elasticities of suicides with respect to per capita real income, divorce rates, urbanization and liquidation. The empirical results reveal that the urbanization has the highest impact on suicides, . . . which is followed by per capita real income and liquidation. The results also provide some important policy recommendations to reduce suicides. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved Daha fazlası Daha az

One less barrier to foreign direct investment in Turkey?: Linkages between manufacturing and logistics operations in Istanbul and the Marmara Region

Özdemir, D. | Darby, J.

Article | 2009 | European Urban and Regional Studies16 ( 1 ) , pp.87 - 99

Despite various reasons for the relatively low levels of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow into Turkey throughout the postwar period, Istanbul has proved relatively successful in attracting inward FDI in services in recent years. Increased production by both foreign and domestic manufacturers in the wider Marmara region has also resulted in a concentration of service sector firms in the greater Istanbul metropolitan area. Examination of the profile of foreign investors and investment categories reveals that Germany and the Netherlands remain major sources of investment, and that investment from these two countries shows the mos . . .t marked signs of functional linkage between manufacturing and service projects. This growth of functional linkage, exemplified by the increased importance of logistics operations, may represent the removal of one more factor inhibiting inward investment into Turkey on a scale appropriate to its size and growth potential. © 2009 SAGE Publications Daha fazlası Daha az

The history of psychosurgery in turkey

Zahmacioglu, O. | Dinç, G. | Naderi, S.

Article | 2009 | Turkish Neurosurgery19 ( 3 ) , pp.308 - 314

The modern age of psychosurgery can be said to have started with Moniz and Lima. Freeman and Watts subsequently revised and popularised the lobotomy procedure. Moniz shared the 1949 Nobel Prize for medicine or physiology for his discovery of the therapeutic value of leucotomy in certain psychoses, which accelerated the worldwide popularisation of lobotomy, particularly during the years from 1948 to 1953. In Turkey, psychosurgical interventions were first performed in the early 1950s, and were applied in almost 400 cases. These operations gradually ceased after the discovery and worldwide clinic applications of a modern antipsychotic . . . drug named Chlorpromazine in 1950s, paralleling a similar trend in other countries. Our paper reviews the clinical, psychometric and histopathological results of psychosurgery performed in Turkey in the 1950s Daha fazlası Daha az

Opinions concerning male and female sterilisation in Turkey

Gedikbasi, A. | Gunenc, Z. | Bingol, B. | Yesildaglar, N. | Erkaya, S.

Article | 2009 | European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care14 ( 5 ) , pp.375 - 378

Background Vasectomy is well accepted in some countries, but uncommonly used in others. The failure of family planning programmes may be the result of men failing to play a role in contraception. This study was carried out to determine the attitudes of women and men regarding male and female sterilisation. Study design Women of reproductive age (17-35 years old; n=1211) and their husbands (n=1174) were enrolled in this study. Information was collected from the participants via face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire. Results In our study, 61.4% of women would agree to their husbands' undergoing a vasectomy but only 3.7% of hus . . .bands agreed to it. Most (92.7%) men said they would agree to their wives' undergoing a sterilisation and 83.1% of women would agree to tubal occlusion. Only 2% knew anyone who had been sterilised. Nearly a fifth of women thought vasectomy could lead to impotence. Conclusion The prejudices against vasectomy are probably due to misinformation. Female sterilisation, however, is widely accepted by both participants. Family planning programmes organised equally for women and men, supported also by mass media could improve access to convenient and effective contraception. © 2009 European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health Daha fazlası Daha az

Entropy estimation and interpretation of the inter-sectoral linkages of Turkish economy based on Leontief input/output model

Özçam, A.

Article | 2009 | Journal of Economic Studies36 ( 5 ) , pp.490 - 507

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to address an econometric procedure which revises and updates the technical production coefficients of latest Turkish input/output (I/O) table, as new information about sectoral productions become available. Design/methodology/approach - Both maximum entropy (ME) method, which estimates the technical production coefficients directly, and cross entropy (CE) estimation method using the Turkish 1996 I/O table as prior information are considered. Moreover, some linkage measures both traditional and relatively new ones are calculated and interpreted using the same data. Findings - Under squared erro . . .r measure criterion, CE estimation method using the Turkish 1996 I/O table as prior information gives a better statistical fit than the ME method which estimates the coefficients directly. Also, Dietzenbacher and van der Linden method's linkage values are found to be in between those of the Chenery and Watanabe, and the Rasmussen methods for both backward or forward definitions using the Turkish data. Research limitations/implications - There still remains the job of collecting information about sectoral productions in the year where updating the latest I/O table is to be undertaken in order to complete the design to be used in practice. This paper suggests this vector to be estimated using some proxy or instrumental variables approaches as a topic for further research. Practical implications - During the last ten years in Turkey, the five-year state development plans losing their traditional importance and the free markets replacing them may have partly accounted for the highly infrequent constructions of such tables. However, academic researches continue to use them as a basis, and therefore an updating of the latest table using an econometric approach such as that of the paper may be necessary. Originality/value - If in practice the preparation of a new I/O table is costly and/or difficult without a political need, then an updating scheme may be valuable. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited Daha fazlası Daha az

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