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An econometric analysis of the aggregate outbound tourism demand of Turkey

F. Halicioglu

Article | 2010 | Tourism Economics16 ( 1 ) , pp.83 - 97

This study empirically examines aggregate tourism outflows in the case of Turkey using the time-series data for 1970-2005. As far as this article is concerned, there is no previous empirical work dealing with tourist outflows from Turkey. The previous tourism studies of Turkey have focused, by and large, on inbound tourism demand analyses. However, as a developing country and an important tourism destination, Turkey has also been a significant source for generating a substantial number of tourists in recent years. Therefore, the tourist outflows also merit empirical analysis. Total tourist outflows from Turkey are related to real in . . .come and relative prices. The bounds testing to cointegration procedure proposed by Pesaran et al (2001) is employed to compute the short- and long-run elasticities of income and relative prices. An augmented form of Granger causality analysis is conducted among the variables of outbound tourist flows, income and relative prices to determine the direction of causality. In the long run, causality runs interactively through the error correction term from income and relative prices to outbound tourist flows. However, in the short run, causality runs only from income to outbound tourism flows. The aggregate tourism outflows equation is also checked for the parameter stability via the tests of cumulative sum (CUSUM) and cumulative sum of the squares (CUSUMSQ). The results suggest that income is the most significant variable in explaining total tourist outflows from Turkey and there is a stable outbound tourism demand function. The results also lead to important policy recommendations Daha fazlası Daha az

Privileged partnership, open ended accession negotiations and the securitisation of Turkey's EU accession process

Macmillan, C.

Article | 2010 | Journal of Contemporary European Studies18 ( 4 ) , pp.447 - 462

This paper argues that Turkey's accession to the EU has been securitised by the French and German right, according to the Copenhagen School's constructivist explanation of securitisation as a 'speech act'. Moreover, like other critical security schools, the Copenhagen School argues that security is not limited to the state or the military, but that securitisation may take place in other sectors, with the political, economic, environmental and societal spheres as its referent object. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.

Strangers to and producers of their own culture: American popular culture and Turkish young people

O'Neil, M.L. | Güler, F.

Article | 2010 | Comparative American Studies8 ( 3 ) , pp.230 - 243

American popular culture is virtually everywhere, including Turkey. Turkey is a close ally of the United States and American cultural products have long been present in Turkey. How does the presence of American popular culture in Turkey affect young people? Employing a series of focus groups comprised of Turkish university students, we explored the meanings they attach to American popular culture and the place it has in their lives. What emerged was a portrait of Turkish young people constructing themselves and their imaginations from a multiplicity of traditions, including American, into an ever changing, shifting whole. The Turkis . . .h young people in this study seem to exemplify this as they blend their lives, not always easily or smoothly, around Turkish, American, European and numerous other cultures. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2010 Daha fazlası Daha az

Detection of human bocavirus DNA by polymerase chain reaction in children and adults with acute respiratory tract infections

Midilli, K. | Yilmaz, G. | Türkoglu, S. | Iskanova, B. | Ergin, S. | Yarimcam, F. | Altaş, K.

Article | 2010 | Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni44 ( 3 ) , pp.405 - 413

Human bocavirus (HBoV) which was described in 2005 by molecular techniques, is a member of Parvoviridae. The role of HBoV is being questioned in acute respiratory diseases (ARD) in many recent studies. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of HBoV DNA in the respiratory specimens of patients with ARD. A total of 155 throat swab and/or washing specimens from 76 children and 79 adults with ARD were examined. HBoV DNA was investigated by single step in-house polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using NS1 primers (5- 'TATGGCCAAGGCAATCGTCCAAG-3', 5'-GCC GCGTGAACATGAGAAA-CAG-3') which amplify the 290 base pair region of NS1 gene . . .located between nucleotides 1545-1835 of prototype HBoV st1 strain. HBoV DNA was detected in 5 (6.5%) of 76 children and 2 (2.5%) of 79 adults. Three sequenced samples showed 100% homology with the reference sequences. This study in which HBoV DNA was detected in children and adults with ARD, is the first HBoV prevalence study in Turkey. Larger scale prospective clinical and molecular studies are required to explain the association between HBoV and respiratory disease Daha fazlası Daha az

Strategic choice for Istanbul: A domestic or international orientation for logistics?

Özdemir, D.

Article | 2010 | Cities27 ( 3 ) , pp.154 - 163

The geographical location of Turkey in general, and Istanbul in particular, in a wider region encompassing the Black Sea, Balkans, Caucasus and Middle East provides an absolute advantage for the city to become an important international logistics node. Recent research has also identified Turkey as the fifth largest logistics market in the world. Therefore, promoting Istanbul as a logistics center of international importance has been high on the agenda of the Turkish central government, city authorities, and interest groups in recent years. To achieve this aim, local and central governments have been sponsoring new infrastructural pr . . .ojects to strengthen the position of the city as a world-class logistics center. However, other research has pointed to serious problems resulting from legislative shortcomings, lack of coordination among public bodies, mistakes in implementation, and insufficiencies in infrastructure and human capital. This article is based on a research project involving logistics firms in Istanbul designed to investigate the strengths and weaknesses of Istanbul in its quest to become as a logistics center serving a wider region beyond Turkey. The results of the interviews and survey have shown that today, logistics activity in the Marmara region (and Istanbul in particular) is mainly the result of economic activities taking place in a national context, rather than the result of entrepôt or logistics node operations at a regional or global level. In the promotional literature of public authorities, nevertheless, 'links with Turkic republics' and 'a bridge between Europe and Asia' are repeatedly referred to, despite their diminishing relevance to the operational requirements of Turkish logistics companies. Bureaucratic and legislative implementation deficiencies, and consequent transport shortcomings seem to occupy a more concrete and higher place on their agenda for the growth of logistics service provision. Policy formation needs to recognize this ordering of priorities in order to integrate economic and urban planning more effectively. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

The influence of knowledge sharing on innovation

Kamaşak, R. | Bulutlar, F.

Article | 2010 | European Business Review22 ( 3 ) , pp.306 - 317

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of knowledge sharing on innovation. Two forms of knowledge sharing are examined, knowledge donating and knowledge collecting. In particular, the effects of knowledge donating and collecting on ambidexterity in organizations are also studied, with ambidexterity defined as the simultaneous achievement of exploratory and exploitative innovation. Design/methodology/approach: Primary data are collected via a questionnaire designed to measure the relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation. Data which were collected from 246 middle and top-level managers in Turkey was . . .explored by multiple regression analysis. Findings: The results showed that knowledge collecting had a significant effect on all types of innovation and ambidexterity, whereas knowledge donating, involving donating inside and outside the group, did not have any effect on exploratory innovation. It was also observed that in-group knowledge donating affected both exploitative innovation and ambidexterity. Research limitations/implications: This paper is limited to Turkish managers. Hence, impact of culture should be considered in future studies. It is advised that future research should be designed for different countries in order to conduct a comparative study. Practical implications: These results provide some information that is useful to decision makers and managers who are in charge of directing innovation strategies in organizations. The study also emphasizes the importance of effective knowledge management that can improve innovativeness in the organizations. Originality/value: Studies comprising the relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation types are not abundant in the academic literature. So, the paper provides practical information to a relatively unexplored area. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited Daha fazlası Daha az

Psychologic influence of male factor infertility on men who are undergoing assisted reproductive treatment

Kumbak, B. | Atak, I.E. | Attar, Rukset | Yildirim, G. | Yesildaglar, N. | Ficicioglu, C.

Article | 2010 | Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist55 ( 10 ) , pp.417 - 422

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychologic impact of male factor infertility on men in couples undergoing assisted reproductive treatment in Turkey. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study was carried out in a total of 105 men: 43 with male factor, 31 with female factor and 31 with unexplained infertility diagnoses. The men answered questionnaires-State Trait Anxiety Inventory, State Trait Anger Expression Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory-during treatment. The scores from each questionnaire were analyzed and compared according to the infertility diagnosis. RESULTS: No significant differences were found in measures of anxiety, anger . . .or depression among men with male factor, female factor and unexplained infertility. CONCLUSION: In the current preliminary study performed on a group of Turkish men who applied for in vitro fertilization treatment, it was found that male factor infertility as the cause of the couple's infertility problem did not have an adverse effect on the psychologic status of men undergoing assisted reproductive treatment. It is suggested that men's psychologic adjustment to their own infertility diagnosis does not indicate that they are psychologically ill. © Journal of Reproductive Medicine®, Inc Daha fazlası Daha az

Fatty acid composition of six mushroom samples of black sea region of Turkey

Türkekul, I. | Yilmaz, N. | Şahin, Fikrettin | Bayrak, Ö.F.

Article | 2010 | Asian Journal of Chemistry22 ( 2 ) , pp.1479 - 1486

The aim of this study is to determine the amount and composition of fatty acids in 6 edible mushroom species belonging to the different families grown in the middle Black sea region (Tokat, Amasya, Ordu provinces). The amount and composition of fatty acids in dried mushrooms samples were detected with a gas chromatography. The fatty acids were determined using the fatty acids methyl-esters standards. Fatty acids with 10-20 numbers were ocurred in mushrooms samples. Also, fatty acids with a single carbon and single double bound were found. Linoleic acid (18:2 w6c) occurred more than 50 % in most of the samples studied. Fatty acit ana . . .lysis of the mushroom in the present study showed that unsaturated fatty acids were higher than the unsaturated fatty acids Daha fazlası Daha az

An ARDL model of unrecorded and recorded economies in Turkey

Dell'Anno, R. | Halicioglu, F.

Article | 2010 | Journal of Economic Studies37 ( 6 ) , pp.627 - 646

Purpose: The goal of this paper is twofold: to estimate the unrecorded economy (UE) of Turkey over the period 1987-2007 using a revised version of the currency demand approach, and to analyze the relationship between the UE and recorded GDP. Design/methodology/approach: The paper proposes to measure the UE using the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration analysis. Toda-Yamamoto causality tests are also conducted to identify the relationship between unrecorded and recorded GDP. Findings: This research provides fresh evidence of the size of the UE relative to the recorded GDP in Turkey, which ranges from 10.7 . . .percent to 18.9 percent over the estimation period. Moreover, empirical evidence concretely suggests that causality runs from the recorded GDP to the UE. However, there exists a mild reverse causality. Research limitations/implications: Measures of the UE, and particularly those based on monetary approaches, have been criticized on several counts, including their lack of robustness and weak theoretical foundations (e.g. the velocity of money in the recorded economy and in the UE is the same). Practical implications: This analysis suggests that the UE is pro-cyclical with respect to the recorded GDP. It suggests that the phenomenon of the UE is more dangerous when the economy is in an expensive phase. Hence, during a positive business cycle, it is clearly desirable for the government that the anti-UE controls should be more effective. Originality/value: The ARDL approach to estimating the size of the UE eliminates the criticism of the previous currency demand estimations, which were based on partial adjustment models. Therefore, the paper's econometric selected cointegration methodology and causality test is an improvement over the existing studies. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited Daha fazlası Daha az

Phenotypic and genotypic diversity among astragalus species growing in eastern anatolia region of Turkey

Agar, G. | Adiguzel, A. | Baris, O. | Gulluce, M. | Şahin, Fikrettin | Sengul, M.

Article | 2010 | Bangladesh Journal of Botany39 ( 1 ) , pp.1 - 7

Fatty acid (FA) and RAPD profiles were used to examine phenotypic and genotypic relationships, respectively among Astragalus atrocarpus, A. campylosema subsp. campylosema, A. fumosus, A. galegiformes, A. lineatus var. jildisianus and A. trichostigma. All the taxa were separated based on the presence and composition of 33 different FAs. A set of nine FAs (14 : 0, 16 : 0, 18 : 0, 18 N alcohol, 17 : 1 iso G, 18: 1 : ?8c, C18 : 1 : ?9t alcohol, 18:2: ?6c, 19:1: ?6c) were found in all Astragalus taxa. Six of the ten decamer primers examined were selected to explore the genetic variation among the taxa tested. The RAPD results suggested t . . .hat A. fumosus, A. lineatus and A. trichostigma are closely related and completely different from the rest of the taxa. Four genetically distinct groups were found among the species. High genetic variations were present among species growing wildly in eastern Anatolia region of Turkey, which may imply differences in their origin. It appears that both RAPD and FA analyses are useful for differentiation of Astragalus species Daha fazlası Daha az

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