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Bulunan: 16 Adet 0.001 sn
Koleksiyon [4]
Tam Metin [1]
Yazar [20]
Yayın Türü [3]
Konu Başlıkları [20]
Yayın Tarihi [1]
Dergi Adı [13]
Yayıncı [1]
Dil [1]
Yazar Departmanı [1]
Predoctoral prosthodontic curricula on removable partial dentures: Survey of turkish dental schools

Dikbas, I. | Ozkurt, Z. | Kazazoglu, E.

Review | 2013 | Journal of Dental Education77 ( 1 ) , pp.85 - 92

This study was conducted to evaluate the predoctoral removable partial denture (RPD) curricula in Turkish dental schools in regards to materials, techniques, and approaches. A questionnaire consisting of eighteen multiple-choice questions was sent by e-mail to the senior members of the prosthodontic departments of seventeen long-established dental schools in Turkey. The response rate was 100 percent. All schools (100 percent) used custom trays for making final impressions of partially dentate arches, taught border molding of the custom tray for the edentulous areas, used modeling plastic impression compound in border molding the fin . . .al impression trays, and used base metal alloys for RPD frameworks. None of the schools had an in-house laboratory that fabricates RPD frameworks, and none of the students cast the frameworks of their own RPDs. The majority of schools used irreversible hydrocolloid as a final impression (70.6 percent) and dental surveyor (76.5 percent) in the designing of RPDs. The majority of schools did not flask their own RPDs (64.7 percent), did not treat patients using RPDs with attachments (76.5 percent), and did not perform the altered cast technique in bilateral and unilateral distal extension RPD cases (76.5 percent). Sixteen schools (94.1 percent) had a minimum number of RPD arches that a student must complete in order to graduate. It was found that predoctoral RPD curricula in Turkish dental schools were both variable and similar Daha fazlası Daha az

Predoctoral prosthodontic clinical curriculum for complete dentures: Survey in turkish dental schools

Ozkurt, Z. | Dikbas, I. | Kazazoglu, E.

Review | 2013 | Journal of Dental Education77 ( 1 ) , pp.93 - 98

The aim of this study was to evaluate predoctoral complete denture curricula in the dental schools of Turkey in terms of materials, techniques, and approaches. A questionnaire with twenty-two multiple-choice questions was prepared and sent by e-mail to the directors of the prosthodontic departments of the seventeen long-established dental schools in Turkey. All schools responded for a response rate of 100 percent. All schools (100 percent) reported using irreversible hydrocolloid impression material for preliminary impression, impression compound for border molding, zinc oxide eugenol for a final impression, and heat curing techniqu . . .e for complete denture processing. A majority of schools said they used similar materials in complete dentures: cold cured acrylic resin in fabrication of record bases (70.5 percent) and anatomic teeth for posterior region (70.5 percent). The majority of schools did not use eccentric interocclusal records (76 percent) or occlusal equilibration and face-bow preservation (94 percent) and did not treat patients who require tooth-supported overdentures (70.5 percent). None of the schools taught treatment of implant-retained overdentures in their curriculum. Eleven schools (65 percent) used positioning mandible in centric relation techniques performed by both the clinician and the patient. It can be concluded that dental schools in Turkey have different prosthodontic curricula regarding complete dentures, although some topics are the same Daha fazlası Daha az

Assessment of root canal treatment outcomes performed by Turkish dental students: Results after two years

Ilgüy, D. | Ilgüy, M. | Fişekçioglu, E. | Ersan, N. | Tanalp, J. | Dölekoglu, S.

Article | 2013 | Journal of Dental Education77 ( 4 ) , pp.502 - 509

The aim of this study was to evaluate radiographically the periapical status and technical standard of root canal therapies performed by a group of undergraduate dental students in Turkey two years following completion of the treatments. A random sample of 264 patients who received root canal treatment from undergraduate students at the Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry in 2009 were recalled after two years. The study sample consisted of 319 root-filled teeth in 158 dental patients (females=97, males=61) who presented to the student clinics during that time frame. For each root-filled tooth, two periapical radiographs were ex . . .amined to identify the periapical status, one showing pre-treatment and the other showing post-treatment status. The quality of endodontic treatment was examined according to the distance between the end of root filling and radiographic apex and the density of the obturation according to presence of voids within the root filling material. This examination found that 54.2 percent of roots had fillings of acceptable length, while 37.3 percent were short, 7.8 percent were overfilled, and 0.6 percent was unfilled; 2.5 percent of the teeth were observed with broken root canal instruments. After two years, PAI scores of teeth with acceptable length of root canal filling (0-2 mm from the radiographic apex) were found to be lower than those of the overfilling and short filling cases (>2mm) ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Comparison of nanotechnology acceptance in Turkey and Switzerland

Öner, M.A. | Karaca, F. | Beşer, S.G. | Yildirmaz, H.

Article | 2013 | International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management10 ( 2 ) , pp.502 - 509

The aim of this paper is to replicate the study of Siegrist et al. [2007] and to present a comparison of nanotechnology acceptance in Turkey and Switzerland. The participants in our survey acknowledge the benefits of nanotechnology in achieving a preferred future (significance on the country's economy and on wealth creation, as well as quality of life) while reserving some sceptism on the institutions' responsibility in utilizing nanotechnology in the food domain. The most beneficial application in our study is viewed as nanotechnology-used bread compared to food packaging of Swiss study. The most risky application is seen as the ap . . .plication for tomatoes, the most affect is observed again for the tomatoes and willingness to buy (WTB) choice is more for juice application than any other applications analyzed in this study. Perceived benefits and perceived risks are found to have influence on the WTB nanotechnology applications in the food domain. Results did not support any evidence suggesting that the nanoinside applications are perceived as less acceptable than nanooutside application as stated in the Swiss study. Affect evoked by the information existing in environment about the nanotechnology products have significant relation with benefits and risks of this emerging technology. The relation between affect and risk in our model is positive whereas it is negative in Siegrist et al. [2007]. The effect of social trust on affect is found to be insignificant in our study which was an assumption of Siegrist et al. [2007] and found to be significant in their research. This paper attempts to help the managers to understand the youth and young adults' perception of nanotechnology in Turkey and to consider the importance of those perceptions for the realization of technological advances in improving their products and developing new ones. © 2013 World Scientific Publishing Company Daha fazlası Daha az

Milestones in Turkish public relations history

Biçakçi, A.B. | Hürmeriç, P.

Article | 2013 | Public Relations Review39 ( 2 ) , pp.91 - 100

This study aims to mention the most important events, cases and names that have had an impact on the public relations profession in Turkey within historically-divided developmental periods between 1920 and 2012. While forming the historical periods into sub-phases, socio-political and economical contexts are considered. Three separate periods are named: antecedents, emergence and developmental. Concerning these periods, the applicability of Grunig and Hunt's (1984) four models of PR is discussed within a Turkish context, and it is concluded that the typology does not totally fit into Turkish PR history. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

A survey of local anesthesia education in Turkish dental schools

Tomruk, C.O. | Oktay, I. | Şençift, K.

Review | 2013 | Journal of Dental Education77 ( 3 ) , pp.348 - 350

The aim of this study was to evaluate differences with regard to local anesthesia education in Turkish dental schools. Questionnaires designed to collect information about local anesthesia education were sent to the heads of the Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of seventeen Turkish dental schools. Eleven returned the completed survey for a response rate of 64 percent. It was determined that dental schools begin the theoretical part of their local anesthesia (LA) curricula during the first half of the third year. Most dental schools start teaching the practical aspects during the second half of the third year on average- . . .half a year after the beginning of the theoretical background. The first injection in humans, usually a fellow student (82 percent), is mostly supervised by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The number of injections under supervision usually depends upon the individual capabilities of the student. None of the schools said they required permission of a medical ethics committee for injections on fellow students. Seventy-three percent of the schools said they were satisfied with their current LA teaching and were not planning to make any changes. Overall, LA teaching programs showed minor variations across the surveyed Turkish dental schools Daha fazlası Daha az

Urban Identities and Catastrophe: Izmir and Salonica at the End of the Ottoman Empire

Bugatti, E.

Article | 2013 | Geographical Review103 ( 4 ) , pp.498 - 516

Two huge fires dramatically influenced the urban development of Salonica and Izmir, in 1917 and in 1922, respectively. These catastrophes occurred after the Ottoman Empire fell, and Salonica and Izmir had shifted into new national contexts. The fires mainly destroyed the districts that were transformed during the late-Ottoman period. These districts became the cosmopolitan façades of modern Izmir and Salonica. The post-fires' tabula rasa provided an opportunity for Greek and Turkish politicians and European planners to change the urban identity of both cities. Moreover, the Lausanne Treaty of 1923 transformed their multicultural soc . . .ieties also. Reconstruction plans had been thought to de-Ottomanize and remove the previous idea of the towns and their multiplicity, interpreting new cultural and nationalist feeling. Here, I emphasize how modernity was interpreted before and after the fires, and point out contradictions between ideological aspects of planning and how the first urban districts were built during the 1920s. © 2013 by the American Geographical Society of New York Daha fazlası Daha az

Necessary conformism: An art of living for young people in Turkey

Lüküslü, D.

Article | 2013 | New Perspectives on Turkey48 , pp.79 - 100

Competing and Co-Existing Constructions of Europe as Turkey's 'Other(s)' in Turkish Political Discourse

Macmillan, C.

Article | 2013 | Journal of Contemporary European Studies21 ( 1 ) , pp.104 - 121

The paper analyses the various ways in which Europe/the EU is represented as Turkey's Other in the discourse of the four main Turkish political parties. The analysis is carried out according to the definition of five forms of Othering in International Relations proposed by Diez (2005) and Manners (2006) as well as the conception of Other as superior proposed, for instance, by Zarakol (2011). In contrast to traditional Kemalist discourse, which tends to view Europe as both threat and civilisational model, AKP discourse in particular tends to frame Europe as inferior and as belonging to a different civilisation, thus revealing a more . . .self-confident, inclusive and Islamist national identity discourse. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC Daha fazlası Daha az

A social discount rate for Turkey

Halicioglu, F. | Karatas, C.

Article | 2013 | Quality and Quantity47 ( 2 ) , pp.1085 - 1091

Social discount rate (SDR) is a very crucial policy parameter in public project appraisals due to its resource allocation impacts. If this rate is too high, future generations will face excess financial burden since distant cash flows will become negligible. If this rate is too low, ineffective projects are chosen creating an inefficient allocation of resources. This study estimates an SDR for Turkey using the social time preference rate (STPR) approach. The elasticity of the marginal utility consumption, which is the most important component of the STPR, is estimated econometrically from a demand for food approach during the period . . . of 1980-2008. The overall result indicates that the SDR for Turkey is 5. 06%. The European Union requires evaluation of the publicly supported commercial projects in terms of the SDR; hence the findings from this study can be used as a useful policy measurement for a full EU member candidate country, Turkey. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V Daha fazlası Daha az

Body mass index, dietary intake and feeding problems of Turkish children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Bicer, A.H. | Alsaffar, A.A.

Article | 2013 | Research in Developmental Disabilities34 ( 11 ) , pp.3978 - 3987

The body mass index of 164 children (aged 4-18 years) attending four autism rehabilitation centers in Istanbul, Turkey, was determined and assessed using the BMI-for-age percentile charts by the World Health Organization (WHO). The mean intake of energy and nutrients of 115 children were calculated using three-day food records. The feeding assessment surveys filled in by the parents/caregivers indicated that the major feeding problem among children was food selectivity. The majority of the children were overweight or obese (58.5%). A total of 11% of children were found to be severely thin and thin. The calcium, zinc, vitamin B6 and . . .folate intake of the majority of children were inadequate. The salt consumption in all age groups and cholesterol intake in normal, overweight and obese children were high. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

An overview of Turkish folk medicine; past and present

Yeşilada, E.

Article | 2013 | Current Drug Delivery10 ( 1 ) , pp.92 - 95

Plants have become a unique source for the mankind either as food or medicine. No doubt this relationship initiated instinctively to satisfy the inner man, while later they noticed the healing potential of plants. This had been the beginning point of traditional medicines worldwide. Among the ca. 300.000 plant species have been identified on the earth so far, only a fraction (ca.120.000) has been reported to be used as food or remedy. The remaining part has still waited for discovery of their beneficial effects on human health. The metabolite composition of the plants has attracted the scientific community rather than plants itself. . . . However, random screening of plants for potential health benefits without any evidence is a tedious task. Investigation planning based on the traditional use of plants has become one of the solutions to overcome this problem. Thenceforth 1985 increasing numbers of scientific field surveys have been conducted throughout Turkey for the documentation of folkloric utilization of plants against disease symptoms. However, due to the impact of modernization in society accessibility of reliable information has become problematic day-by-day. Moreover, increasing number of migrations from rural areas to urban to improve the living conditions makes difficult to find informants in countryside. In order to rescue this valuable information before complete vanishing, several alternative survey techniques have been attempted. In this study, reports on Turkish folk medicine which have been conducted so far will be evaluated. Based on the data obtained, past and present situations will be discussed. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers Daha fazlası Daha az

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