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Real world data estimation: Management and cost-analysis of stroke in tertiary hospitals in turkey and the impact of co-morbid malnutrition

Arsava, E.M. | Ozcagli, T.G. | Berktas, M. | Giray, S. | Guler, A. | Gungor, L. | Seyhun, O.

Article | 2016 | Journal of Neurological Sciences33 ( 3 ) , pp.443 - 458

Objective: To evaluate the management and cost analysis of first-ever stroke patients in Turkey and determine the impact of comorbid malnutrition. Methods: This study was based on expert’s view on the management and cost analysis of stroke patients with or without malnutrition via standardized questionnaire forms filled by experts according to their daily clinical practice. Cost items were related to medical treatment, healthcare resources utilization, tests, consultations and complications. Per admission and total annual direct medical costs were calculated with respect to co-morbid malnutrition. Results: Malnutrition was evident i . . .n 7.8(3.6)% [mean(standard error of mean; SEM)] of patients at admission; an additional 7.1(4.8)% and 0.9(0.6)% patients developed malnutrition during Neuro-ICU and stroke unit hospitalization, respectively. Length of hospital stay (LOS) was almost 2-fold in patients with malnutrition ( Daha fazlası Daha az

Creating a pious generation: youth and education policies of the AKP in Turkey

Lüküslü, D.

Article | 2016 | Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea16 ( 4 ) , pp.637 - 649

This article addresses the youth and education policies of the Turkey’s third Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP) government from 2011 to 2014. This government period was marked by the emergence of a new myth of youth in Turkey: the myth of a pious generation, aimed at replacing the previous myth of a modern and national youth, prevalent in Turkey’s political culture since the nineteenth century and reinforced by the Kemalist Republic. The article first situates the education and youth policies of the AKP in the history of youth in Turkey and discusses the continuities and ruptures between the Kemalist an . . .d AKP youth projects. Secondly, through a critical reading of the political discourses of AKP leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and of specific youth and education policies of the government, the paper conceptualizes this newly emerging myth in the context of neoliberal economic and conservative social policies of the AKP government and its aim to control the future through reshaping the young. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Daha fazlası Daha az

Turkey’s Carnivalesque Challenge to the EU’s Monologue: A Response to Nykänen

MacMillan, C.

Article | 2016 | Journal of Contemporary European Studies24 ( 1 ) , pp.117 - 131

The paper explores Turkey–EU relations from a Bakhtinian perspective. Nykänen (2011), also using a Bakhtinian perspective, has argued that the EU’s stance in the accession process, particularly that of Turkey, has been monologic, which stymies the process by not allowing Turkey to ‘answer back’. This paper argues, in contrast, that, albeit in the context of a lack of dialogue, Turkey has indeed attempted to answer back to the EU through informal means, using a form of discourse that resembles Bakhtin’s concept of the carnivalesque, characterised by a reversal of roles and hierarchies, parodies, laughter and the grotesque, which chal . . .lenges the status quo by creating a ‘world upside-down’. In recent Turkish discourse, then, particularly that of leading members of the governing AKP, the traditional hierarchy of the ‘superior’ EU and the ‘inferior’ candidate country is broken own and reversed. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Daha fazlası Daha az

The Turkish guideline for the diagnosis and management of urticaria-2016

Göncü, E.K. | Aktan, Ş. | Atakan, N. | Başkan, E.B. | Erdem, T. | Koca, R. | Utaş, S.

Article | 2016 | Turkderm Deri Hastaliklari ve Frengi Arsivi50 ( 3 ) , pp.82 - 98

Background and Design: Albeit an easily recognized disease, urticaria features many diverse approaches which rationalize the need for an algorithm for the diagnosis, classification, etiopathogenesis, diagnostic evaluation and therapeutic approach. Therefore, authors from Dermatoallergy Working Group of the Turkish Society of Dermatology and the Turkish Dermatoimmunology and Allergy Association aimed to create an urticaria guideline for the diagnosis, treatment and followup of urticaria. Materials and Methods: Each section of the guideline has been written by a different author. The prepared sections were evaluated in part by e-mail . . .correspondence and have taken its final form after revision in the last meeting held by the participation of all authors. Results: The guideline includes the description, classification, pathophysiology as well as diagnosis and treatment of urticaria. Urticaria is classified into two main types: acute urticaria and chronic urticaria while chronic urticaria is further subdivided into spontaneous urticaria and inducible urticaria. The first step of treatment includes standard doses of H1-blockers. In patients who do not respond to the first step, antihistamine dose is increased up to four times; if unsuccessful, another second-generation antihistamine is given in the same dose. In antihistamine-resistant cases, introduction of omalizumab is required. Omalizumab dose may be increased in patients failing to respond to the standard dose. In patients unresponsive to omalizumab, cyclosporine-A may be given. Routine diagnostic tests are not recommended in acute urticaria. In chronic urticaria, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, differential blood count and C-reactive protein testing are the only investigations that are needed routinely. Conclusion: Chronic urticaria is a disease that can be challenging for the physician in terms of treatment and follow-up. Depending on evidence-based data (and individual experiences), this guideline will have a leading role in the diagnosis and treatment of urticaria and help the physician to overcome the challenges in the management Daha fazlası Daha az

Is the relationship between innovation performance and knowledge management contingent on environmental dynamism and learning capability? Evidence from a turbulent market

Kamasak, R. | Yavuz, M. | Altuntas, G.

Article | 2016 | Business Research9 ( 2 ) , pp.229 - 253

This study aims to explore the separate and combined effects of knowledge management capabilities, environmental dynamism and learning capability on innovation performance. To achieve this aim, a survey was carried out on a sample of 221 firms and a couple of hypotheses were tested. The findings showed that higher levels of environmental dynamism and learning capability made the positive linkage between knowledge management capabilities and innovation performance stronger. Based on the findings, it was suggested that whilst environmental dynamism may compel firms to assimilate and use new information better, create more new product . . .configurations and move readily to new markets through their knowledge management capabilities, learning capability improves the understanding of organizational knowledge and helps the firm embed this knowledge into organizational processes. In this sense, environmental dynamism and learning capability moderate the relationship between knowledge management capabilities and innovation performance. © 2016, The Author(s) Daha fazlası Daha az

New imaginaries of gender in Turkey's service economy: Women workers and identity making on the sales floor

Sarioğlu, E.

Article | 2016 | Women's Studies International Forum54 , pp.39 - 47

Research on the regulation of women's identities at work has shown that the production of feminine selves on the service floor depends on women workers' identification with certain versions of femininities. Drawing on ethnographic data collected in retail settings in urban Turkey, this study highlights an alternative route to identity making on the service floor. I found that saleswomen strategically distance themselves from particular versions of working class femininities when building workplace identities for themselves. To explain why women workers use this distancing strategy, I argue that the gender discourse on women's work i . . .n Turkey and the minimalist managerial control of workers shape women's strategies to self-constitute. The discourse on women's work, which discourages women from working unless they pursue professional careers, puts women's respectability at risk. Women workers lacking access to the necessary resources to constitute themselves as properly middle-class, therefore employ a strategy of distancing rather than identification to preserve their sense of respectability. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd Daha fazlası Daha az

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