Article | 2019 | Turkish Studies20 ( 4 ) , pp.637 - 655
Numerous scales in climate change politics might create problems for activists, as it is not always easy to locate the appropriate level(s) according to which they develop collective action frames. Therefore, activists might address various scales while identifying the problem and building strategies accordingly. The Turkish climate movement has been active through protest cycles largely influenced by global climate negotiations. Following the failure of the Copenhagen Climate Summit (2009) in delivering a binding climate deal, the movement shifted its strategy. Using the protest event analysis method and the movement’s archives, th . . .is paper attempts to shed light on how the Turkish climate movement learned from this global policy failure and why it switched from the global diagnostic and prognostic framing to a national/local one. Following this, the extent the European and transnational actors contribute to this frame shift will be discussed. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
İşler, S. | Sezik, E.
Article | 2019 | Yuzuncu Yil University Journal of Agricultural Sciences29 ( 3 ) , pp.476 - 488
Our aim is to clarify the species used for production of salep, production methods of orchids in Altınova region of Haskoy and Bulanık districts of Muş province. The orchids species were collected from Muş province, Hasköy district around Altınova town and around Bulanık district. Moreover, our research showed that salep is collected from Diyarbakır as well. The methods and the species used to obtain salep in these areas were determined. Segmentary tubers collected from Muş province, Hasköy district around Altınova town and around Bulanık district belong to Dactylorhiza umbrosa, Dactylorhiza iberica. As for The round tubers, they ar . . .e Anacamptis palustris, Orchis pseudolaxiflora, Anacamptis coriophora. In the area, 7 orchids species were determined. The species belong to 4 orchids genera. Two of the species are rhizomatous. Every year millions of orchids are being destructed to obtain salep. This destruction especially endangers the salep species growing in meadows. © 2019, Centenary University. All rights reserved
Gürbüz, İ. | Gençler Özkan, A.M. | Akaydin, G. | Salihoğlu, E. | Günbatan, T. | Demirci, F. | Yeşilada, Erdem
Article | 2019 | Turkish Journal of Botany43 ( 6 ) , pp.769 - 784
The present study was conducted to collect, record, and document local knowledge of medicinal practices in Düzce, a northwestern Anatolian province. To the best of our knowledge, no comprehensive ethnobotanical study has been reported from this province. Information was acquired through semistructured interviews and personal conversations using a questionnaire and numerous guided field trips with local knowledgeable people. For quantitative analyses and comparisons, recorded data such as informant consensus factor (FIC) and use value (UV) were calculated, respectively. As a result of extensive field studies, 122 taxa were determined . . . as folk medicines; 76 of were wild and 46 were cultivated. The identified medicinal plants were mainly from the family Rosaceae, followed by Compositae, Apiaceae, Lamiaceae, and Solanaceae, respectively. Among the preparations used, liquid forms such as infusions (30.2%) or decoctions (16.4%) represented the most favored ways to administer medicinal plants. Dermatological disorders had the highest FIC score with a value of 0.75 followed by skeletomuscular (FIC = 0.7466), gastrointestinal (FIC = 0.6666), immunological (FIC = 0.6615), and respiratory (FIC = 0.6292) system disorders, among others. The most prominent medicinal plants were Urtica dioica (UV = 0.4352), Plantago major (UV = 0.3056), Rubus ulmifolius (UV = 0.2279), and Sambucus ebulus (UV = 0.2279). According to the present study, the number of people who recognize and use the wild plants of Düzce, and those of the rest of Anatolia, is steadily decreasing. The ethnobotanical knowledge cannot be passed to the next generation in its entirety if it is not properly recorded. In addition to this gradual loss of knowledge, modern information pollution and contamination via the popular media highlight the urgent need to record this precious knowledge before it is lost. © TÜBİTAK