Kamaşak, R. | Bulutlar, F.
Article | 2010 | European Business Review22 ( 3 ) , pp.306 - 317
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of knowledge sharing on innovation. Two forms of knowledge sharing are examined, knowledge donating and knowledge collecting. In particular, the effects of knowledge donating and collecting on ambidexterity in organizations are also studied, with ambidexterity defined as the simultaneous achievement of exploratory and exploitative innovation. Design/methodology/approach: Primary data are collected via a questionnaire designed to measure the relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation. Data which were collected from 246 middle and top-level managers in Turkey was . . .explored by multiple regression analysis. Findings: The results showed that knowledge collecting had a significant effect on all types of innovation and ambidexterity, whereas knowledge donating, involving donating inside and outside the group, did not have any effect on exploratory innovation. It was also observed that in-group knowledge donating affected both exploitative innovation and ambidexterity. Research limitations/implications: This paper is limited to Turkish managers. Hence, impact of culture should be considered in future studies. It is advised that future research should be designed for different countries in order to conduct a comparative study. Practical implications: These results provide some information that is useful to decision makers and managers who are in charge of directing innovation strategies in organizations. The study also emphasizes the importance of effective knowledge management that can improve innovativeness in the organizations. Originality/value: Studies comprising the relationship between knowledge sharing and innovation types are not abundant in the academic literature. So, the paper provides practical information to a relatively unexplored area. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Karadeniz, E.E. | Göçer, K.
Article | 2007 | European Business Review19 ( 5 ) , pp.387 - 403
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors that underlie the internationalization of small- medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and to identify the most significant factors/variables that are related to the internationalization process of these firms in Turkey. Design/methodology/ approach - The data for the analysis conducted in this study were collected from 471 owners/managers of SMEs in Turkey. This study examined the relationship of all variables in the internationalization of the small firms through use of Pearson and regression analysis. Findings - This study showed that the ability to be an exporter was re . . .lated to the business age and size, the intensity of R&D, the growth rate of the domestic markets and the planning for export, pursued by SMEs. Research limitations/implications - The cross-sectional nature of this study may have limitations in regards to observing the direction and causality of some of the variables. The caution should be also taken when generalizing the findings beyond the scope of this study. The findings are limited to Turkish SMEs. Originality/value - A model in this study combines three classes of variables - firm, environmental, and management. Most empirical research has been concentrated on investigating one of these variables in relation to international performance. Earlier empirical research also concentrates on established larger firms and has not taken small firms into account. This study fills in a gap in the empirical research in terms of combining these variables to explain the internationalization process and studying the effect of these variables on smaller firms. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited