Fiçicioglu, C. | Yildirim, G. | Attar, Rukset | Kumbak, B. | Yesildaglar, N.
Article | 2010 | Reproductive BioMedicine Online20 ( 6 ) , pp.776 - 782
The objective of this study was to determine whether there was a threshold for the number of CGG repeats in the FMR1 (fragile X) gene in premature ovarian ageing and premature ovarian failure and to investigate the association of this sequence with serum concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, anti-thyroid and anti-adrenal autoantibodies. In this prospective randomized controlled preliminary study, the number of triple CGG repeats and serum concentrations of FSH, AMH and aforementioned autoantibodies were evaluated in 79 women who were younger than 40 years old. FSH concentrations were between 12 and 50 IU/ml (pre . . .mature ovarian ageing) in 30 women and were higher than 50 IU/ml (premature ovarian failure) in nine women; FSH concentrations were normal in 40 women. All women whose FSH concentrations were higher than 12 IU/ml had CGG repeats greater than 30. No women whose FSH concentrations were normal had a repeat number above 30. There was no significant relationship between the levels of antibodies and either CGG repeat numbers or FSH concentrations. In conclusion, the number of CGG repeats between 30 and 40 might be used to predict premature ovarian ageing and premature ovarian failure in infertile women. © 2010, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Bakacak, M. | Bostanci, M.S. | Attar, Rukset | Yildirim, O.K. | Yildirim, G. | Bakacak, Z. | Han, A.
Article | 2015 | Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences31 ( 6 ) , pp.287 - 292
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an electromagnetic field (EMF), generated close to the ovaries, on primordial follicles. A total of 16 rats were used in this study. The study group consisted of rats exposed to an EMF in the abdominal region for 15 min/d for 15 days. Both the study and control group were composed of eight rats. After the treatment period of 15 days, the ovaries of the rats were extracted, and sections of ovarian tissue were taken for histological evaluation. The independent samples t test was used to compare the two groups. In the study group, the means of the right and left ovarian follicle numbe . . .rs were 34.00 ± 10.20 and 36.00 ± 10.53, respectively. The average total ovarian follicle number was 70.00 ± 19.03. In the control group, the means of the right and left ovarian follicle numbers were 78.50 ± 25.98 and 71.75 ± 29.66, respectively, and the average total ovarian follicle number was 150.25 ± 49.53. The comparisons of the means of the right and left ovarian follicle numbers and the means of the total ovarian follicle numbers between the study and control groups indicated that the study group had significantly fewer follicles (p < 0.001, p = 0.011, and p = 0.002, respectively). This study found a significant decrease in the number of ovarian follicles in rats exposed to an EMF. Further clinical studies are needed to reveal the effects of EMFs on ovarian reserve and infertility. Copyright © 2015, Kaohsiung Medical University. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved