Fiçicioglu, C. | Yildirim, G. | Attar, Rukset | Kumbak, B. | Yesildaglar, N.
Article | 2010 | Reproductive BioMedicine Online20 ( 6 ) , pp.776 - 782
The objective of this study was to determine whether there was a threshold for the number of CGG repeats in the FMR1 (fragile X) gene in premature ovarian ageing and premature ovarian failure and to investigate the association of this sequence with serum concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, anti-thyroid and anti-adrenal autoantibodies. In this prospective randomized controlled preliminary study, the number of triple CGG repeats and serum concentrations of FSH, AMH and aforementioned autoantibodies were evaluated in 79 women who were younger than 40 years old. FSH concentrations were between 12 and 50 IU/ml (pre . . .mature ovarian ageing) in 30 women and were higher than 50 IU/ml (premature ovarian failure) in nine women; FSH concentrations were normal in 40 women. All women whose FSH concentrations were higher than 12 IU/ml had CGG repeats greater than 30. No women whose FSH concentrations were normal had a repeat number above 30. There was no significant relationship between the levels of antibodies and either CGG repeat numbers or FSH concentrations. In conclusion, the number of CGG repeats between 30 and 40 might be used to predict premature ovarian ageing and premature ovarian failure in infertile women. © 2010, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Iyibozkurt, A.C. | Balcik, P. | Bulgurcuoglu, S. | Arslan, B.K. | Attar, Rukset | Attar, E.
Article | 2009 | Reproductive BioMedicine Online19 ( 6 ) , pp.784 - 788
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors are present in both male and female reproductive systems. In this experimental study, the effect of different concentrations of VEGF on sperm motility and survival in vitro was investigated. Human spermatozoa, collected from voluntary, proven fertile donors, were incubated in sperm washing medium containing different concentrations of VEGF (5, 10, 15, 20 ng/ml) for 24 h in a university reproductive endocrinology laboratory setting. Assessment of VEGF action on sperm motion characteristics was evaluated using a computer-assisted semen analyser. Sperm survival was determined . . .by hypo-osmotic swelling and eosin-Y dye tests. VEGF had a positive effect on some parameters of sperm motility in a concentration-dependent manner. Maximal effect was observed at a concentration of 15 ng/ml; motility, progression, straight-line velocity and curvilinear velocity of VEGF-exposed spermatozoa were significantly increased (P < 0.05) at this concentration. However, sperm viability was not prolonged at any concentration of VEGF as shown by hypo-osmotic swelling and eosin-Y dye tests. VEGF may increase some sperm motility parameters, but not survival, in a concentration-dependent manner in vitro. © 2009 Published by Reproductive Healthcare Ltd