Frequency of cigarette smoking among psychiatric inpatients evaluated by the Fagerström test for nicotine dependence

Tanriover, O. | Karamustafalioglu, N. | Tezvaran, Z. | Kaplan, A. | Tomruk, N.

Article | 2013 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention14 ( 1 ) , pp.579 - 582

Background: In this study our aim was to determine the rate of smoking in a sample of psychiatric in-patients with diagnoses of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression and to examine factors related to smoking status and the level of dependence in this population. Materials and Methods: A total of 160 people were included in this descriptive study. 80 were inpatients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression and 80 people without any psychiatric diagnoses were included as a control group. The participants were interviewed face-to face using a semi-structured questionnaire and Fagerström Test for Nicotine . . . Dependence was used to define smoking habits. Results: The mean age of the participants was 37.24±12.19 years ranging from 18 to 81 years, 54.4% of the participants were (n=87) female, and 45.6% cases (n=73) were male. 70% (n=56) of the patients and 55% of the control group were smoking and the difference was statistically significant ( Daha fazlası Daha az

CK2 Enzyme affinity against c-myc424-434 substrate in human lung cancer tissue

Yaylim, I. | Ozkan, N.E. | Isitmangil, T. | Isitmangil, G. | Turna, A. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2012 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention13 ( 10 ) , pp.5233 - 5236

CK2 is a serine threonine kinase that participates in a variety of cellular processes with more than 300 defined substrates. This critical enzyme is known to be upregulated in cancers, but the role of this upregulation in carcinogenesis is not yet fully understood but c-myc, one of the defined CK2 substrates, is a well-known proto-oncogene that is normally essential in developmental process but is also involved in tumor development. We evaluated the optimal enzyme and substrate concentrations for CK2 activity in both neoplastic and non-neoplastic human lung tissues using the c-myc424-434 peptide (EQKLISEEDL) as a substrate. The acti . . .vities measured for the neoplastic tissue were 600-750 U/mg protein while those for the control tissue was in the range of 650-800 U/mg. Km value for c-myc peptide was determined as 0.33 µM in non-neoplastic tissue and 0.18 µM in neoplastic tissue. In this study, we did not observe an increased activity in the neoplastic tissue when compared with the non-neoplastic lung tissue, but we recorded two times higher affinity for c-myc424-434 in cancer tissue. Considering the metabolic position of c-myc424-434, our results suggest that phosphorylation by CK2 may be important in dimerization and thus it might affect the regulation of c-myc in cancer tissues Daha fazlası Daha az

Cancer preventive effects of whole cell type immunization against mice ehrlich tumors

Aysan, E. | Bayrak, O.F. | Aydemir, E. | Telci, D. | Şahin, Fikrettin | Yardimci, C. | Muslumanoglu, M.

Article | 2013 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention14 ( 6 ) , pp.3515 - 3519

Background: Effects of whole cell type immunization on mice Ehrlich tumours were evaluated. Materials and Methods: After preliminary study, mice were divided two major groups; 1x1000 and 100x1000 live Ehrlich cell transferred major groups, each divided into four subgroups (n: 10). Study groups were immunized with Ehrlich cell lysates in 0, 3, 7, 14th days and after 30 days of last immunization, live Ehrlich cells were transferred. Mice were observed for six months and evaluated for total and cancer free days. Results: Out of 100x1000 cell transferred solid type study group, all study group mean and tumour free periods were statistic . . .ally longer than control groups. All 1x1000 Ehrlich cell transferred study groups survived significantly longer than 100x1000 Ehrlich cell transferred groups. Conclusions: Ehrlich mice tumours were prevented and survival prolonged with whole cell type immunization. Effects are related to the number of transferred tumor cells Daha fazlası Daha az

Citrus fruits and their bioactive ingredients: Leading four horsemen from front

Farooqi, A.A. | Wang, Z. | Hasnain, S. | Attar, Rukset | Aslam, A. | Mansoor, Q. | Ismail, M.

Note | 2015 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention16 ( 6 ) , pp.2575 - 2580

Cancer is a multifaceted and genomically complex disease and rapidly accumulating high impact research is deepening our understanding related to the mechanisms underlying cancer development, progression and resistance to therapeutics. Increasingly it is being realized that genetic/epigenetic mutations, inactivation of tumor suppressor genes, overexpression of oncogenes, deregulation of intracellular signaling cascades and loss of apoptosis are some of the extensively studied aspects. Confluence of information suggested that rapidly developing resistance to therapeutics is adding another layer of complexity and overwhelmingly increas . . .ing preclinical studies are identifying different natural agents with efficacy and minimal off-target effects. We partition this multi-component review into citrus fruits and their bioactive ingredients mediating rebalancing of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins to induce apoptosis in resistant cancer cells. We also discuss how oncogenic protein networks are targeted in cancer cells and how these findings may be verified in preclinical studies Daha fazlası Daha az

Reliability and Validity of Turkish Version of the Caregiver Quality of Life Index Cancer Scale

Yakar, H.K. | Pinar, R.

Article | 2013 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention14 ( 7 ) , pp.4415 - 4419

Background: Measuring effects of cancer on family caregivers is important to develop methods which can improve their quality of life (QOL). Nevertheless, up to now, only a few tools have been developed to be used in this group. Among those, the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer Scale (CQOLC) has met minimum psychometric criteria in different populations in spite of conflicting results. The present study was conducted to evaluate reliability and validity of CQOLC among Turkish cancer family caregivers. Materials and Methods: The CQOLC was administered to 120 caregivers, along with Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Medical Outcome . . .s Study MOS 36- Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Internal consistency and test-retest stability were used to investigate reliability. Construct validity was examined by using known group method, convergent, and divergent validity. For the known group method, we hypothesized that CQOLC scores would differ between depressed and non-depressed subjects. We investigated convergent validity by correlating scores for CQOLC with scores for other similar measures including SF-36 and STAI. The MSPSS was completed at the same time as CQOLC to provide divergent validity. Results: The values for internal consistency and test-retest correlation were 0.88 and 0.96, respectively. The CQOLC discriminated those who were depressed from those who were not. Convergent validity supported strong correlations between CQOLC scores and two main component scores (PCS, MCS) in SF-36 although there was a weak correlation between CQOLC and STAI scores. Regarding divergent validity, the correlation between CQOLC and MSPSS was in the low range, as expected. Conclusions: The Turkish CQOLC is a reliable and valid tool and it can be utilized to determine QOL of family caregivers Daha fazlası Daha az

Ovarian cancer: Interplay of vitamin D signaling and miRNA action

Attar, Rukset | Gasparri, M.L. | Di Donato, V. | Yaylim, I. | Halim, T.A. | Zaman, F. | Farooqi, A.A.

Article | 2014 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention15 ( 8 ) , pp.3359 - 3362

Increasing attention is being devoted to the mechanisms by which cells receive signals and then translate these into decisions for growth, death, or migration. Recent findings have presented significant breakthroughs in developing a deeper understanding of the activation or repression of target genes and proteins in response to various stimuli and of how they are assembled during signal transduction in cancer cells. Detailed mechanistic insights have unveiled new maps of linear and integrated signal transduction cascades, but the multifaceted nature of the pathways remains unclear. Although new layers of information are being added . . .regarding mechanisms underlying ovarian cancer and how polymorphisms in VDR gene influence its development, the findings of this research must be sequentially collected and re-interpreted. We divide this multi-component review into different segments: how vitamin D modulates molecular network in ovarian cancer cells, how ovarian cancer is controlled by tumor suppressors and oncogenic miRNAs and finally how vitamin D signaling regulates miRNA expression. Intra/inter-population variability is insufficiently studied and a better understanding of genetics of population will be helpful in getting a step closer to personalized medicine Daha fazlası Daha az

Effects of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism on prostate specific antigen and prostate cancer

Küçükhüseyin, Ö. | Kurnaz, Ö. | Akadam-Teker, A.B. | Narter, F. | Yilmaz-Aydogan, H. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2011 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention12 ( 9 ) , pp.2275 - 2278

Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer related deaths among men in many countries. Serum levels of prostate-spesific antigen (PSA) have attracted attention for prediction purposes. The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene play a critical role in cancer development, but its potential impact on prostate cancer has not been well studied. The C677T variant lies in exon 4 at the folate binding site of the MTHFR gene and results in substitution of an alanine by a valine residue. The present study was carried out 55 cases with prostate cancer and 50 healthy men. Polymerase chain rea . . .ction (PCR), restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), and agarose gel electrophoresis techniques were employed to determine MTHFR C677T mutation. The frequencies of the CT genotype (p= 0.025) and T allele (p= 0.023) was found to be higher in control subjects when compared with patients group. No statistical difference was found between the alleles of MTHFR and PSA levels after (PSA-BT)/ before (PSA-AT) antiandrogen treatment or tumor stages. We suggest that the heterozygote CT genotype and the 677T allele of the MTHFR polymorphism might be associated with an decreased prostate cancer risk Daha fazlası Daha az

Lack of influence of the ACE1 gene I/D polymorphism on the formation and growth of benign uterine leiomyoma in turkish patients

Gültekin, G.I. | Yilmaz, S.G. | Kahraman, Ö.T. | Atasoy, H. | Burak Dalan, A. | Attar, Rukset | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2015 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention16 ( 3 ) , pp.1123 - 1127

Uterine leiomyomas (ULM), are benign tumors of the smooth muscle cells of the myometrium. They represent a common health problem and are estimated to be present in 30-70% of clinically reproductive women. Abnormal angiogenesis and vascular-related growth factors have been suggested to be associated with ULM growth. The angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) is related with several tumors. The aim of this study was to identify possible correlation between ULM and the ACE I/D polymorphism, to evaluate whether the ACE I/D polymorphism could be a marker for early diagnosis and prognosis. ACE I/D was amplified with specific primer sets re . . .cognizing genomic DNA from ULM (n=72) and control (n=83) volunteers and amplicons were separated on agarose gels. The observed genotype frequencies were in agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (?2=2.162, p=0.339). There was no association between allele frequencies and study groups (?2=0.623; p=0.430 for ACE I allele, ?2=0.995; p=0.339 for ACE D allele). In addition, there were no significant differences between ACE I/D polymorphism genotype frequencies and ULM range in size and number (?2=1.760; p=0.415 for fibroid size, ?2=0.342; p=0.843 for fibroid number). We conclude that the ACE gene I/D polymorphism is not related with the size or number of ULM fibroids in Turkish women. Thus it cannot be regarded as an early diagnostic parameter nor as a risk estimate for ULM predisposition Daha fazlası Daha az

Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in ovarian cancer

Gasparri, M.L. | Attar, Rukset | Palaia, I. | Perniola, G. | Marchetti, C. | Di Donato, V. | Panici, P.B.

Article | 2015 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention16 ( 9 ) , pp.3635 - 3638

Several improvements in ovarian cancer treatment have been achieved in recent years, both in surgery and in combination chemotherapy with targeting. However, ovarian tumors remain the women's cancers with highest mortality rates. In this scenario, a pivotal role has been endorsed to the immunological environment and to the immunological mechanisms involved in ovarian cancer behavior. Recent evidence suggests a loss of the critical balance between immune-activating and immune-suppressing mechanisms when oncogenesis and cancer progression occur. Ovarian cancer generates a mechanism to escape the immune system by producing a highly sup . . .pressive environment. Immune-activated tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in ovarian tumor tissue testify that the immune system is the trigger in this neoplasm. The TIL mileau has been demonstrated to be associated with better prognosis, more chemosensitivity, and more cases of optimal residual tumor achieved during primary cytoreduction. Nowadays, scientists are focusing attention on new immunologically effective tumor biomarkers in order to optimize selection of patients for recruitment in clinical trials and to identify relationships of these biomarkers with responses to immunotherapeutics. Assessing this point of view, TILs might be considered as a potent predictive immunotherapy biomarker Daha fazlası Daha az

Which one is more effective, filgrastim or lenograstim, during febrile neutropenia attack in hospitalized patients with solid tumors?

Sonmez, O.U. | Guclu, E. | Uyeturk, U. | Esbah, O. | Türker, I. | Bal, O. | Oksuzoglu, B.

Article | 2015 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention16 ( 3 ) , pp.1185 - 1189

Background: Chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia (FN) with solid tumors causes mortality and morbidity at a significant rate. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of filgastrim and lenograstim started with the first dose of antibiotics in hospitalized patients diagnosed with FN. Materials and Methods: Between February 2009 and May 2012, 151 patients diagnosed with FN were evaluated, retrospectively. In those considered appropriate for hospitalization, convenient antibiotic therapy with granulocyte colony stimulating factors was started within first 30 minutes by completing necessary examinations in accordance wit . . .h FEN guide recommendations. Results: In this study, 175 febrile neutropenia attacks in 151 patients were examined. Seventy three of the patients were male and 78 were female. The average age was 53.6 and 53.6, respectively. The most common solid tumor was breast carcinoma in 38 (25%) . One hundred and five FN patients (58%) were those who received granulocyte colony stimulating factors as primary prophylaxis. Conclusions: While studies comparing both drugs generally involve treatments started for prophylaxis, this study compared the treatment given during the febrile neutropenia attack. Compared to lenograstim, filgastrim shortens the duration of hospitalization during febrile neutropenia attack by facilitating faster recovery with solid tumors Daha fazlası Daha az

Association of the Cylin D1 G870A Polymorphism with Laryngeal Cancer: Are they Really Related?

Verim, A. | Ozkan, N. | Turan, S. | Korkmaz, G. | Cacina, C. | Yaylim, I. | İşbir, Turgay

Article | 2013 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention14 ( 12 ) , pp.7629 - 7634

Background: Cylin D1(CCDN1) is an important regulator of the cell cycle whose alterations are thought to be involved in cancer development. There have been many studies indicating CCDN1 amplification or overexpression in a variety of cancer types. In addition to gene amplification, the G870A polymorphism may be related with altered CCDN1 activity, and therefore with cancer development. This hypothesis has been tested in different cancer types but results have been contradictory. We therefore aimed to investigate any relationship between CCDN1 A870G genotypes and laryngeal squamous cell cancer development and progression. Materials a . . .nd Methods: A total of 68 Turkish patients with primary laryngeal squamous cell cancer and 133 healthy controls were enrolled. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to determine the CCDN1 genotypes. Results: No significant association was detected between CCDN1 genotypes and laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LxSCCa) development. Similarly CCDN1 genotypes were not related to clinical parameters of Lx SCCa. However, there was a very significant association between CCDN1 G allele and presence of perineural invasion (p= 0.003; OR: 1.464; CI% 1.073-1.999). CCDN1 G allele frequency was significantly higher in the individuals with perineural invasion (85.7%) when compared to those without (58.5%). The 2 patients who died of disease were both found to possess the GG genotype. Conclusions: These results pose a controversy in suggesting a protective role of the G allele against LxSCCa development and support the association of CCDN1 gene GG genotype with mortality in patients with LxSCCa Daha fazlası Daha az

Drugs from marine sources: Modulation of TRAIL induced apoptosis in cancer cells

Farooqi, A.A. | Attar, Rukset | Gasparri, M.L.

Article | 2014 | Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention15 ( 20 ) , pp.9045 - 9047

There have been overwhelming advances in molecular oncology and data obtained through high-throughput technologies have started to shed light on wide ranging molecular mechanisms that underpin cancer progression. Increasingly it is being realized that marine micro-organisms and the biodiversity of plankton are rich sources of various anticancer compounds. Marine derived compounds play major roles in inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. More importantly, various agents have been noted to enhance TRAIL induced apoptosis in cancer cells by functionalizing intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. In this commentary, a list of marine derived com . . .pounds reported to induce apoptosis is discussed Daha fazlası Daha az

6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.

Bu site altında yer alan tüm kaynaklar Creative Commons Alıntı-GayriTicari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.