Shahwar, D. | Iqbal, M.J. | Nisa, M.-U. | Todorovska, M. | Attar, Rukset | Sabitaliyevich, U.Y. | Xu, B.
Review | 2019 | International Journal of Molecular Sciences20 ( 8 )
Rapidly developing resistance against different therapeutics is a major stumbling block in the standardization of therapy. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated signaling has emerged as one of the most highly and extensively studied signal transduction cascade that induces apoptosis in cancer cells. Rapidly emerging cutting-edge research has helped us to develop a better understanding of the signaling machinery involved in inducing apoptotic cell death. However, excitingly, cancer cells develop resistance against TRAIL-induced apoptosis through different modes. Loss of cell surface expression . . . of TRAIL receptors and imbalance of stoichiometric ratios of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins play instrumental roles in rewiring the machinery of cancer cells to develop resistance against TRAIL-based therapeutics. Natural products have shown excellent potential to restore apoptosis in TRAIL-resistant cancer cell lines and in mice xenografted with TRAIL-resistant cancer cells. Significantly refined information has previously been added and continues to enrich the existing pool of knowledge related to the natural-product-mediated upregulation of death receptors, rebalancing of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins in different cancers. In this mini review, we will set spotlight on the most recently published high-impact research related to underlying mechanisms of TRAIL resistance and how these deregulations can be targeted by natural products to restore TRAIL-mediated apoptosis in different cancers. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Yarim, M. | Koksal, M. | Durmaz, I. | Atalay, R.
Article | 2012 | International Journal of Molecular Sciences13 ( 7 ) , pp.8071 - 8085
A series of novel 1-(4-substitutedbenzoyl)-4-(4-chlorobenzhydryl)piperazine derivatives 5a-g was designed by a nucleophilic substitution reaction of 1-(4-chlorobenzhydryl)piperazine with various benzoyl chlorides and characterized by elemental analyses, IR and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. Cytotoxicity of the compounds was demonstrated on cancer cell lines from liver (HUH7, FOCUS, MAHLAVU, HEPG2, HEP3B), breast (MCF7, BT20, T47D, CAMA-1), colon (HCT-116), gastric (KATO-3) and endometrial (MFE-296) cancer cell lines. Time-dependent cytotoxicity analysis of compound 5a indicated the long-term in situ stability of this compoun . . .d. All compounds showed significant cell growth inhibitory activity on the selected cancer cell lines. © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Kurnaz, M.L. | Bilgin, T. | Kurnaz, I.A.
Article | 2008 | International Journal of Molecular Sciences9 ( 5 ) , pp.679 - 697
Buran, K. | Bua, S. | Poli, G. | Bayram, F.E.Ö. | Tuccinardi, T. | Supuran, C.T.
Article | 2019 | International Journal of Molecular Sciences20 ( 5 ) , pp.679 - 697
A novel series of 8-substituted coumarin-based compounds, characterized by the presence of alkylpiperazine and arylpiperazine chains, were synthesized and tested for their inhibitory activity against four human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) isoforms. All compounds displayed nanomolar potency against the cancer-related hCA IX and hCA XII; moreover, they were shown to be devoid of any inhibitory activity toward the cytosolic hCA I and hCA II up to 10 µM concentration in the assay system. Therefore, the synthesized coumarin ligands demonstrated to be potent and selective hCA IX/XII inhibitors, and were shown to be as potent as the reference . . . inhibitor acetazolamide against hCA XII, with single-digit nanomolar K i values. Molecular modeling studies provided a rationale for explaining the selectivity profile of these non-classic hCA inhibitors and their interactions with the enzymes, according to their specific mechanism of action, thus paving the way for future structure-based lead optimization studies. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland