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The importance of Turkish-Soviet relations during the early republican period in Turkey

Akın, Utku

During the World War I, the Tsarist regime was overthrown by the socialist revolution in 1917. In recent times, a national struggle process has also been experienced by Türkiye. In this period, Turkish-Soviet relations started in the axis of anti-imperialist struggle. During the days of the Turkish War of Independence, the close political relations established between the Ankara Government and Soviet Russia against the Western states, from the proclamation of the Republic in 1923 to the World War II. It continued until the end of World War II in 1945. Turkish-Soviet relations in the early Repu ...Daha fazlası

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Impact of the energy issue on Turkey’s Easten Mediterranean policy

Öztürk, Gökçe

Energy and its security is one of the most important issues in making of a foreign policy. Seeking of alternative energy resources and having their own share, stirred the Eastern Mediterranean with the discoveries of hydrocarbon reserves. The fact that Turkey is highly dependent on energy resources, that its consumption rates are increasing year by year, and that it aims to be the energy hub that transfers energy to Europe, has also led Turkey to want to be part of the energy equation that is emerging in the Eastern Mediterranean. Although the parties to this equation excluded Turkey. Turkey t ...Daha fazlası

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Securitization of European Union’s immigration policy in 2021 German federal elections

Ok, Yonca

The phenomenon of international immigration has been one of the important issues both at the international and local level for many years. In Europe, especially after the Second World War, immigration has become a controversial issue in international politics. After the Second World War, while immigration was considered necessary to improve the deteriorating economy of Europe, after the 1970s, immigration began to be limited and border controls were strengthened. This can be clearly seen in the immigration policies developed by the European Union. In 2015, Europe faced a serious immigration cr ...Daha fazlası

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Securitization of climate change induced migration: analysis of the European Union discourses and policies

Saygı, Dilek

Migration has always been a way for people to reach a better life and a strategy to adapt to changing conditions. Since the early 1000s, climate-related environmental changes have begun to directly impact communities whose way of life is dependent on nature and local resources. Owing to climate change, which is mostly a result of human activity, and the devastating environmental changes it has created, people have begun to relocate voluntarily or forcefully, to abandon their homelands, and these migrations within the country or across borders are now evident. The International Organization for ...Daha fazlası

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The Turkish right and the Republican People's Party - the case of 1977 general elections

Arslan, Fahri Kaan

The definition of ideological cleavage in Turkish political life through the concepts of right and left began with the orientation of the Republican People's Party to the Left of Center in the 1960s. This separation evolved into a deep polarization and social crisis that would turn into a low-intensity civil war during the 1970s. The 1977 General Elections were held in this crisis atmosphere. In this framework, the political characteristics of the period within the scope of our study have been tried to be scrutinized through the right-left divergence. This thesis aims to analyze the points of ...Daha fazlası

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Administrative organization of African states and oil policy: Angola and Nigeria compared

Durmuş, Ayşegül Ezgi

Angola and Nigeria are front running countries in terms of natural wealth among other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Angola lived under Portuguese rule before gaining independence. Nigeria, on the other hand, was under British colonization. Both still carry part of cultures they had acquired during the colonial period. At present, oil resources are the key element for their economic persistence and they have a notable position in the global oil market. Due to their colonial background, post-colonial experience and challenges that they have faced along with administrative and economic structu ...Daha fazlası

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Racism among Iranian intellectuals (1925-1979)

Bioukvand Ghojehbiglou, Elshan

The works of contemporary Iranian intellectuals have been researched from many perspectives, but many of their thoughts have not been explored deeply, widely, and academically regarding the issue of racism. In this research, I used the qualitative content analysis method to examine the works of some prominent and contemporary Iranian intellectuals regarding having or not having racist elements in their writings published between 1925-1979. After methodically and analytically examining the works of contemporary Iranian intellectuals such as Ahmad Kasravi, Hasan Taqizadeh, Mohammad Ali Foroughi, ...Daha fazlası

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Political cycles and transitional justice: Evidence from Uruguay and Chile

Genç, Tuçe

This study concentrates on how countries deal with the mass human rights violations, large-scale massacres, and social abuses experienced during authoritarian rule. A comparative research is conducted, focusing on the differences and similarities between societies governed by bureaucratic authoritarian systems. Uruguay and Chile are studied as similar cases that have ended up with different outcomes in transitional justice processes. The main question of the study is whether and how political cycles affect transitional justice policies. It is assumed that successive leftist governments in powe ...Daha fazlası

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