Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the patients' attitude, knowledge and awareness about HIV/AIDS. And secondary aim was to assess the need for further education about HIV/AIDS. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire of 39 items was used to evaluate the patients' knowledge. 301 patients were included (mean age 37.12 +/- 7.85 years, 41.5% male, 58.5% female) in the study. Results were calculated by Students t-test, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test. Results: Most of the patients had accurate knowledge about transmission ways, however transmission through breastfeeding (31.6%), public restrooms (44.9%), and insects and . . .mosquitos bite (47.2%) were less recognized. Saliva (32.2%), urine (36.9%), tears (58.5%), sweat (54.5%), breast milk (30.6%), feces (36.9%) and cerebrospinal fluid (7.3%) were less recognized body fluids. Generally university and postgraduate educated patients had more accurate knowledge than other groups. 63.1% of patients thought that they need further education about HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the knowledge level about HIV/AIDS was almost agreeable. However, the patients had deficiencies with respect to their knowl-edge. Therefore the authors of this study believe that there must be education programs related to HIV/AIDS
Purpose: Bisphosphonates are commonly used drugs in pediatric patients in the treatment of osteoporotic diseases and various types of cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of pamidronate administration on mandibular growth and tooth eruption in new born rats. Materials and Methods: Forty Sprague Dawley rats were included in the study and divided into four groups as; 14th day pamidronate group, 30th day pamidronate group, 14th day control group and 30th day control group. Pamidronate groups were daily injected with 1.25 mu g/g pamidronate disodium subcutaneously whereas control groups were injected with steri . . .le saline. Eruption levels of lower incisor and molar teeth were assessed macroscopically. Mandibular growth was assessed by measuring reference points in cone beam tomography. Histological and histomorphometric examinations were performed under light microscope to evaluate tooth morphology and number of osteoclasts. Results: Retardation in mandibular growth, decrease in number of osteoclasts, delay in tooth eruption, degeneration in both tooth morphology and structure were observed in the pamidronate groups compared to control groups. Conclusion: Pamidronate administration during growth and development stage may adversely affect tooth eruption and mandibular growth in new born rats
6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.