The judicial decision-making process refers to the judge’s process of concluding a case. According to legal formalism, the judge decides based on legal rules in their decision- making processes. As opposed to legal formalism, legal realism argues that judges are affected by multiple factors in their judicial decision-making processes, such as their life, education, professional experiences, personal beliefs, etc. The research question is, what are the sociological factors that affect the judges’ judicial decision-making processes in controversial cases in Turkey? The significance of this research is that judiciary investigations stu . . .dy in the legal discipline framework. However, sociological studies on the judiciary in the international works are gradually gaining intensity. These studies enable to see human factor in the various dimensions of the judiciary. This dissertation aims to contribute to the developing interdisciplinary approach from sociology to jurisdiction. The qualitative research method was used in this study. The sample of this thesis is that judges who work in Turkey, and their ages are between 30 and 55. The study’s data were obtained by conducting in-depth interviews with ten judges and using the researcher’s semi-structured interview form. The collected data were analyzed by applying the content analysis method. The dissertation findings show that based on Bourdieu's theoretical perspective, class, family, education, and culture affect judicial decision making, but in addition to these factors, emotions, experiences, gender, workload, medya, social pressure factors also influence the judicial decision- making processes of the judges in Turkey
This study aims to examine the impact of trade liberalization on some macroeconomic indicators (foreign direct investment, exports, imports, trade balance, and government size) in Turkey. Our study employed the autoregressive distributed lag bound test (ARDL) approach, unit root test, bound test for long-run estimation, and error correction term (EC). Findings show that trade liberalization does not have a positive impact on foreign direct investment inflow into the Turkish market, as well as that currency depreciation accompanied by an open economy decreases foreign capital inflow. Trade liberalization impacts positively on exports . . . to the G7 by enhancing technological competitiveness. Moreover, foreign income impacts positively on exports, compared to pre-liberalization exports increased gradually, based on econometric results compared to some advanced countries, where short-run policies will lead to increased exports. Consequently, intermediate imports influenced manufacturing exports positively; this result confirms the cointegration relationship matching advanced economies. To show the impact of trade liberalization on the trade balance, a dummy variable was introduced as a liberalization indicator. The results reveal that trade liberalization has a positive impact on the trade balance. Last but not least, trade liberalization has a negative impact on government size. The study recommended that a strong currency be considered the short way to attract foreign direct investment. To increase exports to the G7, innovation is the best factor. Exporting to high-income countries should be a priority. Importing sophisticated inputs will lead to increased exports. Increasing government spending on education, health, and social protection will compensate for losses from trade liberalization
This study aimed toexamine the 12 September 1980 coup d'état in detail and to evaluate its impacton the Turkish foreign policy. Therefore, literature reviewmethod was utilized in this study. Firstly, the reasons leading to the 12 September 1980 coup d'état were mentioned and then, Turkey's relations with other countries after the 12 September 1980 coup d’état were analyzed. The impact of the 12 September 1980 coup d’état on the political relations between Turkey and other countries was evaluated andthe effects and evaluations on Turkey's foreign policy were interpreted and expressed. In this context, evaluations were made by analyzi . . .ng the newspaper archives and sources of the period. As a result of the research, it was determined that the 12 September 1980 coup d'état had significant effects on Turkish foreign policy. In the post-coup period, Turkey followed amore strict foreign policy, had problems with theWestern countries, and adopted a tougher attitude towards the Soviet Union
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6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.