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Trade liberalization and some macroeconomic indicators in Turkey (1980-2018)

Ketenci, Natalya

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

This study aims to examine the impact of trade liberalization on some macroeconomic indicators (foreign direct investment, exports, imports, trade balance, and government size) in Turkey. Our study employed the autoregressive distributed lag bound test (ARDL) approach, unit root test, bound test for long-run estimation, and error correction term (EC). Findings show that trade liberalization does not have a positive impact on foreign direct investment inflow into the Turkish market, as well as that currency depreciation accompanied by an open economy decreases foreign capital inflow. Trade liberalization impacts positively on exports . . . to the G7 by enhancing technological competitiveness. Moreover, foreign income impacts positively on exports, compared to pre-liberalization exports increased gradually, based on econometric results compared to some advanced countries, where short-run policies will lead to increased exports. Consequently, intermediate imports influenced manufacturing exports positively; this result confirms the cointegration relationship matching advanced economies. To show the impact of trade liberalization on the trade balance, a dummy variable was introduced as a liberalization indicator. The results reveal that trade liberalization has a positive impact on the trade balance. Last but not least, trade liberalization has a negative impact on government size. The study recommended that a strong currency be considered the short way to attract foreign direct investment. To increase exports to the G7, innovation is the best factor. Exporting to high-income countries should be a priority. Importing sophisticated inputs will lead to increased exports. Increasing government spending on education, health, and social protection will compensate for losses from trade liberalization Daha fazlası Daha az

A research on does management accounting in the construction industry need enterprise resource planning

Akarçay, Çağatay

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

In the business world of the century we are living in, competition has become quite intense with the effect of globalization. For this purpose; the enterprises started to adopt the "Kaizen" methodology, which means continuous betterment or continuous improvement. Businesses that aspire to be successful and survive for a long time in this competitive environment have to use their resources most efficiently, specialize by gaining experience in their activities, and make strategic planning for the future. Information, being a strategic power, is the most important of these resources. If we consider information as a system; the financia . . .l unit is the most important part of this system. Developments in the world economy in recent years have transformed the finance function into a source of information not only for implementing non-corporate organizations and operations officers and managers but also for management systems. Therefore, the management accounting function has become an estimator for the enterprises to make strategic decisions in the future for plans and needs by reflecting the current situation. The developments in management information systems have contributed to the activities of the management accounting functions employed in the enterprises being supported by accurate combined information and healthy communication between functions. In the 20th Century, the information system called Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) combines the inputs and outputs of all functions located in various points of the enterprise by designing them according to a healthy workflow and the procedures of the enterprise. The finance module, which is the driving module of the ERP system, has critical importance in terms of management accounting and reports Daha fazlası Daha az

Increasing importance of global value chain Turkey's foreign trade comparative analysis

Yay, Turan

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The global value chain has increased its importance with the spread of foreign trade between countries. As a result of this situation, it has provided serious economic returns to the countries. Countries that use the global value chain effectively have become rich in this process. In this study, the comparison of foreign trade between BRIC countries and Turkey has been examined through Grubel Lloyd index. Through this Grubel Lloyd index, the economic effects of the global value chain on the Turkish economy and BRIC countries are detailed. The increasing importance of global value chain, which provides a great factor in the economic . . .development of countries, has been emphasized Daha fazlası Daha az

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