As soon as people start to earn the money that their labor deserves, they begin to control their cash inflows and outflows. This control is more important for businesses established for profit making. Businesses that want to control their cash flows in a more detailed and neat report form refer to the cash flow statement. Knowing cash flow is vital for businesses. It provides both the control of the cash flow within themselves and the opportunity to compare itself with other businesses that use different accounting methods. The success and sustainability of a business is evaluated by the measurability of its financial performance. C . . .ash flow ratios are used in the analysis of the financial situation of the enterprises. The aim of this study is to give information about cash and cash equivalents and cash flow statement, to examine the items of the cash flow statement and to discuss the purposes of cash flow ratios. In this context, within the scope of the study, the financial statements of 17 enterprises operating in the Main Metal Industry sector whose stocks are traded in Borsa Istanbul (BIST) and 9 enterprises operating in the accommodation sector, covering the 5-year period between 2017-2018-2019-2020-2021, were used. The financial performances of companies were measured and the differences between the sectors were compared
In this paper, realized volatility of a selection of BIST Indices are forecasted with Heterogeneous Autoregressive Model (HAR) and its variations. For this purpose, ticks between 2001 and 2021 are used to generate 5-minute returns, which formed the basis for calculations of realized volatility and other realized measures. In the study, rolling windows are utilized for forecasting the volatility of one day ahead. These predictions are then compared to the actual realized volatilities. The study provides a thorough comparison of HAR-type models, and emphasizes the importance of underlying time series’ characteristics in forecasting. M . . .oreover, the findings of this paper also hint at matters of diversification particular to index volatility forecasting. In overall, HAR Models proved to be a successful estimator for Turkish Stock Exchange time series
The aim of this study is to find out the effects of Basel Criteria on the banking system and SMEs, and how much they are known by the bankers and accounting experts who are the actors of the financial system. In this research, firstly, the role of Basel Criteria of SMEs in Turkey in the crediting process, the collateral structure and the credit pricing processes in the lending stage were examined. In the second part, a survey was conducted with 69 experts (bankers and accountants) who are experts in their fields about the extent to which they create awareness about the benefits of these effects, and the results were analyzed. In the . . . study, it is explained why the BIS and Basel Criteria are needed, how they emerged, why and how banks try to secure themselves. It has been explained how SMEs in Turkey are affected by these regulations and how they should create a collateral structure especially for bank loans, and which issues are taken into account by banks in loan pricing during the loan utilization phase. In this context, Basel 1, Basel 2, Basel 3 were examined in detail. In addition, SMEs in Turkey have been examined in general terms. In the last part, the survey questions and the results were tried to be interpreted with frequency analysis using the statistical program SPSS. According to the analysis; It has been concluded that the Basel Criteria are extremely important and effective for SMEs in the Turkish Banking System
The purpose of this study was to explore how psychotherapy setting is affected by the mandatory conversion from face-to-face psychotherapy setting to online platforms due to COVID-19 pandemic restrictions, mainly with respect to the relationship between subjective perceptions and/or experiences regarding COVID-19 and therapeutic alliance for both psychotherapists and patients. A sample of 94 Turkish participants which consisted of 62 psychotherapy patients and 32 mental health professionals filled out the questionnaire whilst semi-structured interviews were done with nine psychotherapists and seven psychotherapy patients. The data c . . .ollection process lasted from February 2022 to May 2022. As survey questions present quantitative correlations, semi-structured interviews were done to provide a deeper understanding of the outcomes of this shift. Findings show that while COVID-19 history of patients was not related to their alliance scores, psychotherapists who have first-degree relatives tested for COVID-19 positive show significantly lower Working Alliance Invertory (WAI) scores. Both patients and psychotherapists addressed the advantages and disadvantages of OPT in accordance with their COVID-19 perceptions. While the loss of a shared room and embodied psychotherapy setting is a main consideration of both parts, the length of the ongoing psychotherapy process significantly correlated with WAI scores for patients. Patients who considered there are no advantages of OPT showed significantly lower WAI-Bond scores whereas for psychotherapists, the number of disadvantages of OPT was significantly correlated with lower WAI-Bond scores. Limitations and implications for further research were discussed
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6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.