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Orientalism and nostalgia in british travel writing on the balkans

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The main purpose of this study is to examine the orientalist and nostalgic conditions as well as images reflected in British travel writers, specifically in Patrick Leigh Fermor’s travel trilogy consisting of A Time of Gifts (1977), Between the Woods and Water (1986) and A Broken Road: From the Iron Gates to Mount Athos (2013), and Georgina Harding’s In Another Europe: A Journey into Romania (1990). This work mainly utilizes theories regarding orientalism such as those of Edward Said, Andre Gingrich and Maria Todorova, in addition to Joep Leerssen’s theory of imagology and Svetlana Boym’s theories of nostalgia. Furthermore, this the . . .sis aspires to underline the orientalist conditions in the said works, by providing imagological examples that support these conditions and how they interact with nostalgic conditions felt or observed by authors. The orientalist conditions are handled in correlation with the conditions of the interwar period and the end of the cold war while the images reproduced by various peoples are underlined as contributing factors for both orientalist and nostalgic discourse Daha fazlası Daha az

Once and always: friendship, hauntology and madness in the secret history and if we were villains

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The present thesis aims to explore and compare the concepts of friendship, hauntology and madness in two significant novels of the Dark Academia genre: The Secret History by Donna Tartt and If We Were Villains by M.L Rio. In the examination of the selected novels, this thesis displays the disintegration of friendship in the face of a tragic event like murder. Murder, as the collective doing of the friends, starts to haunt every aspect of their lives and becomes the trigger for frenzy of behaviour with lethal consequences.Considering the significance of friendship in college years, analyzing the concept of friendship in both novels i . . .s crucial in that the events which take place on the college campus have a role in shaping the characters' future life. In order to explain the nature of friendship in the two novels, this thesis builds its theoretical framework mainly on the ideas of Derrida and Arendt. Along with the literary critics such as Mark Fisher and Katy Shaw, Derrida's concept of "hauntology" is employed to explain the alteration of friendship and the repercussions of murder on the protagonists because the more they become haunted by the act they have committed, the darker the events become for them. The protagonists' behaviours in madness not only constitute a trigger in the series of events but also reflect their perception of the world. The conceptual approach utilizing madness in the present thesis centres predominantly on the literary theories of Foucault and Nietzsche Daha fazlası Daha az

Power and beauty relations in the picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde and Lady Audley’s secret by Mary Elizabeth Braddon

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

This thesis endeavours to explore the enchanting power of beauty and its history. This thesis aims at examining the enchanting power of beauty on selected characters in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray and Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s Lady Audley’s Secret. It further aims at examining the effects of possessing the power of beauty on the characters that possess it, namely Dorian Gray and Lady Audley. This thesis particularly focuses on the descriptions of the portraits of the protagonists in the two novels, on their effects on whoever looks at them and on the complex relationship between pictorial representation, beauty and truth . . .. Furthermore, the significance of beauty in the two novels will be discussed inside the framework of Victorian Aestheticism. To carry out the research this thesis addresses the following questions: What is the significance of beauty, and what is the extent of the power of beauty in Lady Audley’s Secret and The Picture of Dorian Gray? How is beauty represented in the portraits of Lady Audley and Dorian Gray? What is the relationship between outward and inward beauty in these portraits Daha fazlası Daha az

The other space: Heterotopia, memory and individuality in dystopian novels the memory police and the giver

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The aim of this paper is to explore the heterotopic nature of the concept of memory in dystopian fictions The Memory Police by Yoko Ogawa and The Giver by Lois Lowry comparatively and thereby to discuss that memory is possible to be applied as a means of oppression primarily through the destruction of this heterotopic space and individuality. The protagonists in both novels suffer from memory loss that is schemed by the totalitarian authority in their communities. In order to resist that authority, they are required to hold on to their memory which acts as a counter-site that is analysed through Michel Foucault's variously defined a . . .nd interpreted concept of heterotopia. The approaches regarding individual and collective memory are presented in relation to identity formation. The paper ultimately discusses that individual memory, in the novels mentioned, besides being a part of collective memory, acts as a heterotopic space for the protagonists since it is a form of the other space created as opposed to the space that is formed by the manipulated collective memory and that the characters are forced to live in Daha fazlası Daha az

The stigma of the fallen woman in the novels of jude the obscure and Yeryüzünde Bir Melek

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Regardless of the cultural differences, the 19th century Victorian England and Tanzimat Period in Ottoman Empire had similar expectations from women. The two novelists from these two countries, Thomas Hardy and Ahmet Mithat Efendi, had critical attitude towards such expectations. Thus they created socially unacceptable but acceptable for them heroines. Afterall, for some Sue Bridehead is Hardy’s main focus and similarly for Ahmet Mithat Raziye is still an angel. The reason why these two heroines are unacceptable for the society’s of their days is intriguing. Considering all these, the aim of this thesis is to discuss these two heroi . . .nes through the lens of stigma of fallen woman so that why these heroines experince exclusion may be discussed. While doing this Erving Goffman’s ideas regarding stigma along with Stafford&Scott’s arguments on how stigma and norms are related; and Link&Phelan’s writing on stigma and its connection to negative stereotypes will be used Daha fazlası Daha az

The meaning of ideology: a comparative analysis of George Orwell’s Animal Farm and Yaşar Kemal’s The Sultan of the Elephants and Red Bearded Lame Ant

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

In this work, the novels Animal Farm by George Orwell and The Sultan of the Elephants and Red Bearded Lame Ant by Yaşar Kemal are analysed comparatively through the Marxist literary theory benefiting from Georg Lukács, Terry Eagleton and Lucien Goldmann. This study examines how Orwell and Kemal from different geographies, nationalities and traditions have been influenced by the Marxist literary tradition. The figures in the two novels are compared according to their characteristics/profile, the changes they have gone through, and the protagonists’ endings in their own story. The features of the works have been also examined through . . .an analysis of the writers’ lives. In the discussion part, the meaning of ideology in novels, and its reflections have been evaluated in terms of the selected writers’ biographies, and the ideological elements as well as sociological ones in their works. In addition, the aim of this work displays a comparative thematic and stylistic analysis of the two novels Daha fazlası Daha az

Comparison of monstrous figures in the works of H.P Lovecraft and China Miéville through Lovecraft’s five definitive elements

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The present study compared selected works of H.P. Lovecraft and China Miéville in terms of the representations of monster figures by creating a theoretical framework using Lovecraft’s “Five Definitive Elements of Weird Literature”. A comparative foundation was first laid down by examining the etymology of the word monster throughout history, as well as touching upon Saussure's theories of language. Following this, an intrinsic analysis of Lovecraft’s three selected works was made. The analysis highlighted the importance of factors such as cosmicism, and fear of the unknown, as well as the importance of human insignificance in the na . . .rration. Additionally, the uncanny in both Jentsch’s and Freud’s definition was included for a later comparison. The lack of context in details regarding the monsters was also highlighted in accordance with the established importance of fear of the unknown in Weird Literature. Then the same analysis was done on Miéville after a glimpse of his past with tabletop games such as “Dungeons and Dragons”, and the importance worldbuilding has for him. Following an analysis of Bas-Lag, a comparison was made based on the five definitive elements by first interpretating them on what could they refer to, and how the two works handled them in this context. The results from examination through the monster representation, cosmicism, fear of the unknown and the five elements helped the study argue the point that; The monster representation functioned as the source of paranoia and uncanny in both the works. Yet, while Lovecraftian narrative’s monsters achieved the feeling of uncanny by presenting a small piece of the whole; Miéville’s Bas-Lag did the same with a mirrored approach of a key piece missing from the whole Daha fazlası Daha az

The search for identity in Hanif Kureishi’s the Buddha of Suburbia, the black album and Zadie Smith’s white teeth

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Hanif Kureishi and Zadie Smith engage in a critical examination of the established conceptualizations of identity, challenging their rigidity and highlighting the inherent unstable nature of identity. The objective of this thesis is to examine the the way in which Hanif Kureishi and Zadie Smith challenge the perceived stability of race, identity, and ethnicity within the dynamic cultural and societal landscape of post-war London. By drawing upon Homi K. Bhabha's theoretical concepts of hybridity, ambivalence, and the third space, both authors destabilize traditional dichotomies and offer critical perspectives on the highly diverse n . . .ature of London's metropolis. Kureishi and Smith, in their respective literary works, craft characters whose identities exhibit a dynamic and hybrid nature, characterized by a perpetual state of openness to transformation. In alternative terms, the characters within the narrative contest fundamental conceptions regarding identity and instead portray fluid and evolving manifestations. Upon conducting an analysis of the three aforementioned novels, it becomes evident that Kureishi and Smith share a perspective that regards identity as a dynamic and precarious construct within the context of an increasingly interconnected and globalized society Daha fazlası Daha az

Women’s confinement and struggle against the patriarchal family structure: a feminist analysis of selected women’s writing in the light of Kate Millett’s concept of sexual politics

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The aim of this thesis is to analyze the main female characters in two short stories and a novel written in three different periods, using the conceptual analysis framework that Kate Millett puts forward in her 1970 work Sexual Politics. In her book Sexual Politics, Millett formulated two important concepts as “sexual politics” and “sexual revolution” and focused on how the family institution and genders were handled in literary works. The most important contribution of her work and the reason why it is one of the founding texts of the second wave feminist movement is that she sees the abolition of the traditional family structure a . . .s the basic prerequisite for a real sexual revolution. Millett saw the patriarchal social structure as the biggest obstacle to the emancipation of women. In this direction, the present work discusses stories of women who belong to the middle class and try to fulfill their roles as wives and mothers congruously in the traditional family lives of their historical periods, but lose their harmonious existence as soon as they feel that they are confined to this family structure. Studies to be considered are Charlotte Perkins Gilman's short story "The Yellow Wallpaper" (1892), Doris Lessing's story "To Room Nineteen" (1963), and Margaret Atwood's novel "The Blind Assassin" (2000) Daha fazlası Daha az

The images of women in fairy tales: An analysis of the djinn in the Nightingale’s eye by A.S. Byatt and the bloody chamber by Angela Carter

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

This dissertation examines A.S. Byatt's The Djinn in the Nightingale's Eye and Angela Carter's The Bloody Chamber and the discussion on the contemporary issues of women, a portrayal of gender in the media, and the political position of women. The study also examines the ways in which Byatt and Carter redefined prevailing traditional notions of femininity in their selected stories. In a male-dominated environment, females are presented as emotional, weak, followers, and submissive to males whereas males are presented as bold, strong, and rational beings. Reading both collections offers an intertextual approach that critique the patri . . .archal codes of contemporary society; thus, evoking post contemporary feminist discourses on women's issues. Byatt's and Carter's awareness of the public perceptions of sexuality and gender made it fundamental to intervene in the culture of the mainstream mass. The study also examines the images of women in the stories, the controversial elements seen in these stories, and understand the several female perspectives to untangle the figures from the restrictions of the sexist and patriarchal ideology. In addition, the study aims to identify the stereotypes in these collections, the way Byatt and Carter discussed these stereotypes, and the narrative techniques and literary devices they both used in their works Daha fazlası Daha az

The Quest of Women and revisionist mythmaking in muinar and the penelopiad: just voices or “just” voices?

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The aim of the present study is to explore the emancipatory potential of revisionist mythmaking strategies employed in two contemporary novels, Margaret Atwood’s The Penelopiad (2005) and Latife Tekin’s Muinar (2006), through dialogic, intertextual, and deconstructive relations. Offering a comparative account by means of a three-fold theoretical basis between the two novels, this dissertation explores women’s paths to seek justice. Both novels portray rebellious women and give voice to their alternative stories. The analysis demonstrates that the retelling of mythic tales connects the past to the present and narrows the gap between . . .absence and presence via specters. To this end, the thesis firstly examines dialogism and the way it is used to challenge the credibility of a narrator. In doing so, it draws on Bakhtin’s dialogism and its feminist interpretations. The second aim is to investigate how women oppose hegemonic discourse(s) through the dynamics of intertextuality. These dynamics and strategies are predominantly discussed with the ideas of various female critics such as Ostriker, Irigaray, and Cixous. In the last analysis, the study focuses on the concept of justice via Derridean deconstruction. Both novels are accordingly analyzed with references to concepts such as différance, justice l’avenir, and hauntology Daha fazlası Daha az

‘The Other’ at the border: literary sieges and identity construction

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

In the 20th century, the issue of creating a national identity and fashioning the self gained significant importance as a consequence of the increasing nationalist movements and establishment of the unitary states with the collapse of empires. To create a collective identity consciousness in society, literature was utilized as one of the mediums, as it can be used in the service of different ideologies. First published in 1899, Eclipse of the Crescent Moon (Egri Csillagok) by Géza Gárdonyi focuses on creating the Hungarian national identity through the Turks, whereas The Siege (Kështjella) by Ismail Kadare, first published in 1970, . . .represents the siege of an unknown Albanian citadel by the Ottomans. The Orient – the Turks are the mutual enemy in both novels. In this work, both novels will be studied with their relations to the history and the era, and the political conditions they were written. Frontier Orientalism by Andre Gingrich and Selffashioning by Stephen Greenblatt will be the main theories to study both literary works Daha fazlası Daha az

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