Administrative organization of African states and oil policy: Angola and Nigeria compared

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Angola and Nigeria are front running countries in terms of natural wealth among other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Angola lived under Portuguese rule before gaining independence. Nigeria, on the other hand, was under British colonization. Both still carry part of cultures they had acquired during the colonial period. At present, oil resources are the key element for their economic persistence and they have a notable position in the global oil market. Due to their colonial background, post-colonial experience and challenges that they have faced along with administrative and economic structure, both countries are essential to pene . . .trate in many ways. The central axis of this study is that it explores whether federalism enhances democratic quality and ensures reduction of disparities through equitable sharing of oil revenues Daha fazlası Daha az

Securitization of climate change induced migration: analysis of the European Union discourses and policies

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Migration has always been a way for people to reach a better life and a strategy to adapt to changing conditions. Since the early 1000s, climate-related environmental changes have begun to directly impact communities whose way of life is dependent on nature and local resources. Owing to climate change, which is mostly a result of human activity, and the devastating environmental changes it has created, people have begun to relocate voluntarily or forcefully, to abandon their homelands, and these migrations within the country or across borders are now evident. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) made a sobering predict . . .ion in 2008 that 200 million people will migrate in 2050 due to climate change (IOM, 2008). Internal Relocation Monitoring Centre (IDMC), one of the most cited and widely recognized data sources on disaster displacement, reported in 2021 that: "In 2020, 30.7 million new displacements were triggered by disasters in 145 countries and territories.". The globally warmed world is now facing with mass-scale human displacements which became a “threat multiplier” for human security. Although knowledge about migration as an impact of climate change has been analyzed for a while, there is a gap of empirically based study on the linkage between climate change and securitization to be researched furtherly in academic and political discourse of international relations. This thesis aims to analyze climate change induced migration and security nexus through theoretical framework of human security and in the context of the securitization theory developed by the Copenhagen School; and how the European Union (EU) structured securitization policies on climate change related migration; and as an estimable actor and global leader since the ratification and adaptation of Paris Agreement, how EU’s securitization policies have been processed under the Union’s legal initiatives Daha fazlası Daha az

The Turkish right and the Republican People's Party - the case of 1977 general elections

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The definition of ideological cleavage in Turkish political life through the concepts of right and left began with the orientation of the Republican People's Party to the Left of Center in the 1960s. This separation evolved into a deep polarization and social crisis that would turn into a low-intensity civil war during the 1970s. The 1977 General Elections were held in this crisis atmosphere. In this framework, the political characteristics of the period within the scope of our study have been tried to be scrutinized through the right-left divergence. This thesis aims to analyze the points of convergence and divergence in the discou . . .rses of right-wing politics in Türkiye towards the RPP in the context of the 1977 elections. In that regard, the Justice Party, the National Salvation Party, and the Nationalist Movement Party were chosen as the subjects of our study, representing different ideologies of Turkish Right. The study's scope will be limited to the parties' official discourses: election campaign documents, radio speeches of party elites, and statements of party leaders, which will be evaluated Daha fazlası Daha az

Racism among Iranian intellectuals (1925-1979)

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The works of contemporary Iranian intellectuals have been researched from many perspectives, but many of their thoughts have not been explored deeply, widely, and academically regarding the issue of racism. In this research, I used the qualitative content analysis method to examine the works of some prominent and contemporary Iranian intellectuals regarding having or not having racist elements in their writings published between 1925-1979. After methodically and analytically examining the works of contemporary Iranian intellectuals such as Ahmad Kasravi, Hasan Taqizadeh, Mohammad Ali Foroughi, and Sadegh Hedayat, we found evidence, . . .elements, and signs of racist thoughts in their books and articles. In this thesis, you will learn about the views, thoughts, and racist approaches of the intellectuals whose names are determined towards Turks, Arabs, Mongols, Jews, and Islam. In addition, among the works of the five intellectuals whose names were determined to examine, racist thoughts were not found only in the writings of Reza Baraheni. With this research, I have tried to fill the existing research gap about the racist content of the works of contemporary Iranian intellectuals Daha fazlası Daha az

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