An instructional design for new cognitive structure construction in native language on second language learning

This study aims to design a second language instruction through the construction of new cognitive structures in the mother tongue and to determine its effect on the learner's cognitive load and achievement in learning complex structures. The study was undertaken in a public university in Istanbul with 79 prep school students and designed as a quasi-experimental study. A subjective cognitive load scale developed by Paas (1992) and an achievement test were utilized as the data collection tools. A covariance analysis (ANCOVA) was employed to determine student achievement between the experiment and control groups, the results of which produced a significant difference in favor of the experiment group. The results of the one-way ANOVA showed that there is a statistically significant decrease with regards to the cognitive load of the students in the experiment group. The efficiency of instruction was also measured utilizing the efficiency formula developed by Paas and van Merrienboer (1994). The results corroborated the hypothesis that when designed in a way to construct new structures in the native language, thereby reducing the cognitive load, this instruction yields an increase in the achievement of the students for the learning of complex structures in the second language. The results call for attention that the instructional design utilized as the treatment of this study is efficient on the academic achievement of the students in their learning.

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Eser Adı
(dc.title)
An instructional design for new cognitive structure construction in native language on second language learning
Yazar [Asıl]
(dc.creator.author)
Erden, Münire
Yayın Tarihi
(dc.date.issued)
2021
Yazar Departmanı
(dc.creator.department)
Yeditepe University Graduate School of Educational Sciences
Yazar Departmanı
(dc.creator.department)
Yeditepe University Graduate School of Educational Sciences Master's Program in Curriculum and Instruction
Diğer Yazarlar
(dc.contributor.authors)
Virlan, Ayşe Yılmaz
Özet Bilgisi
(dc.description.abstract)
This study aims to design a second language instruction through the construction of new cognitive structures in the mother tongue and to determine its effect on the learner's cognitive load and achievement in learning complex structures. The study was undertaken in a public university in Istanbul with 79 prep school students and designed as a quasi-experimental study. A subjective cognitive load scale developed by Paas (1992) and an achievement test were utilized as the data collection tools. A covariance analysis (ANCOVA) was employed to determine student achievement between the experiment and control groups, the results of which produced a significant difference in favor of the experiment group. The results of the one-way ANOVA showed that there is a statistically significant decrease with regards to the cognitive load of the students in the experiment group. The efficiency of instruction was also measured utilizing the efficiency formula developed by Paas and van Merrienboer (1994). The results corroborated the hypothesis that when designed in a way to construct new structures in the native language, thereby reducing the cognitive load, this instruction yields an increase in the achievement of the students for the learning of complex structures in the second language. The results call for attention that the instructional design utilized as the treatment of this study is efficient on the academic achievement of the students in their learning.
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Cognitive load
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Instructional Design
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Instructional Efficiency
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Measurement of Cognitive Load
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Second Language instruction
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Eğitici Tasarım
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Öğretim Verimliliği

(dc.date.available)
2021-09-28
Açıklama [Genel]
(dc.description)
Final published version
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
(dc.date.accessioned)
2021-09-28
Tanım Koleksiyon Bilgisi
(dc.description.collectioninformation)
This item is part of the preprint collection made available through Yeditepe University library. For your questions, our contact address is openaccess@yeditepe.edu.tr
Açıklama [Not]
(dc.description.note)
Note: This preprint reports new research that has not been certified by peer review and should not be used as established information without consulting multiple experts in the field.
Yayın Türü [Ortam]
(dc.format)
application/pdf
Tek Biçim Adres
(dc.identifier.uri)
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11831/7959
Dil
(dc.language.iso)
eng
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(dc.publisher)
Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System
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(dc.rights)
Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System
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(dc.rights.access)
Open Access
Telif Hakkı
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Unless otherwise stated, copyrights belong to Yeditepe University. Usage permissions are specified in the Open Access System, and "InC-NC/1.0" and "by-nc-nd/4.0" are as stated.
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(dc.rights.uri)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Telif Hakkı Url
(dc.rights.uri)
https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/?language=en
Yayın Turu [Akademik]
(dc.type)
preprint
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