Trade liberalization and some macroeconomic indicators in Turkey (1980-2018)

This study aims to examine the impact of trade liberalization on some macroeconomic indicators (foreign direct investment, exports, imports, trade balance, and government size) in Turkey. Our study employed the autoregressive distributed lag bound test (ARDL) approach, unit root test, bound test for long-run estimation, and error correction term (EC). Findings show that trade liberalization does not have a positive impact on foreign direct investment inflow into the Turkish market, as well as that currency depreciation accompanied by an open economy decreases foreign capital inflow. Trade liberalization impacts positively on exports to the G7 by enhancing technological competitiveness. Moreover, foreign income impacts positively on exports, compared to pre-liberalization exports increased gradually, based on econometric results compared to some advanced countries, where short-run policies will lead to increased exports. Consequently, intermediate imports influenced manufacturing exports positively; this result confirms the cointegration relationship matching advanced economies. To show the impact of trade liberalization on the trade balance, a dummy variable was introduced as a liberalization indicator. The results reveal that trade liberalization has a positive impact on the trade balance. Last but not least, trade liberalization has a negative impact on government size. The study recommended that a strong currency be considered the short way to attract foreign direct investment. To increase exports to the G7, innovation is the best factor. Exporting to high-income countries should be a priority. Importing sophisticated inputs will lead to increased exports. Increasing government spending on education, health, and social protection will compensate for losses from trade liberalization.

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Detaylı Görünüm
Eser Adı
(dc.title)
Trade liberalization and some macroeconomic indicators in Turkey (1980-2018)
Yazar [Asıl]
(dc.creator.author)
Alzabadi, Nader
Yazar Departmanı
(dc.creator.department)
Yeditepe University Graduate School of Social Sciences
Yazar Departmanı
(dc.creator.department)
Yeditepe University Graduate School of Social Sciences Graduate Program in Economics
Yayın Tarihi
(dc.date.issued)
2023
Yayın Turu [Akademik]
(dc.type)
preprint
Yayın Türü [Ortam]
(dc.format)
application/pdf
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Macroeconomic indicator
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Trade liberalization
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Turkey
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Makroekonomik gösterge
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Ticaretin serbestleştirilmesi
Konu Başlıkları [Genel]
(dc.subject)
Türkiye
Yayıncı
(dc.publisher)
Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System
Dil
(dc.language.iso)
eng
Özet Bilgisi
(dc.description.abstract)
This study aims to examine the impact of trade liberalization on some macroeconomic indicators (foreign direct investment, exports, imports, trade balance, and government size) in Turkey. Our study employed the autoregressive distributed lag bound test (ARDL) approach, unit root test, bound test for long-run estimation, and error correction term (EC). Findings show that trade liberalization does not have a positive impact on foreign direct investment inflow into the Turkish market, as well as that currency depreciation accompanied by an open economy decreases foreign capital inflow. Trade liberalization impacts positively on exports to the G7 by enhancing technological competitiveness. Moreover, foreign income impacts positively on exports, compared to pre-liberalization exports increased gradually, based on econometric results compared to some advanced countries, where short-run policies will lead to increased exports. Consequently, intermediate imports influenced manufacturing exports positively; this result confirms the cointegration relationship matching advanced economies. To show the impact of trade liberalization on the trade balance, a dummy variable was introduced as a liberalization indicator. The results reveal that trade liberalization has a positive impact on the trade balance. Last but not least, trade liberalization has a negative impact on government size. The study recommended that a strong currency be considered the short way to attract foreign direct investment. To increase exports to the G7, innovation is the best factor. Exporting to high-income countries should be a priority. Importing sophisticated inputs will lead to increased exports. Increasing government spending on education, health, and social protection will compensate for losses from trade liberalization.
Kayıt Giriş Tarihi
(dc.date.accessioned)
2024-01-18

(dc.date.available)
2024-01-18
Haklar
(dc.rights)
Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System
Erişim Hakkı
(dc.rights.access)
Open Access
Telif Hakkı
(dc.rights.holder)
Unless otherwise stated, copyrights belong to Yeditepe University. Usage permissions are specified in the Open Access System, and "InC-NC/1.0" and "by-nc-nd/4.0" are as stated.
Telif Hakkı Url
(dc.rights.uri)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Telif Hakkı Url
(dc.rights.uri)
https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/?language=en
Açıklama [Genel]
(dc.description)
Final published version
Açıklama [Not]
(dc.description.note)
Note: This preprint reports new research that has not been certified by peer review and should not be used as established information without consulting multiple experts in the field.
Tanım Koleksiyon Bilgisi
(dc.description.collectioninformation)
This item is part of the preprint collection made available through Yeditepe University library. For your questions, our contact address is openaccess@yeditepe.edu.tr
Yazar [KatkıdaBulunan]
(dc.contributor.author)
Ketenci, Natalya
Yazar [KatkıdaBulunan] Kurum
(dc.contributor.institution)
Yeditepe University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences
Yazar [KatkıdaBulunan] Kurum
(dc.contributor.institution)
Yeditepe University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Department of Economics
Yazar Katkı Sağlayan OrcID
(dc.contributor.authorOrcid)
0000-0002-7299-2833
Tek Biçim Adres
(dc.identifier.uri)
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11831/8198
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