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Nationalism and National Identity of Western Ukraine in The Post - Soviet Era

Nowak, Agata

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The research is designed to examine the essence and roots of Ukrainian nationalism of Western Ukraine, categories of identity regarding Ukrainians, and to present how modern Ukrainian national identity is constructed. The aim of the study is to understand within the broad context of nationalism the complexity of Ukrainian nationalism that does not fit the commonly used definition of a nation; common language, common religion, and common historical memory. The anthropological fieldwork is based on participant observation and in total 35 in-depth interviews which were conducted mainly in Lviv between 2014-2019. Moreover, in order to f . . .ully explore the notion of Ukrainian nationalism an analysis of national symbols, myths, traditions, and historical memory through its history is evaluated. Furthermore, the study analyzes the role of religion and OUN-UPA activities in shaping Ukrainian nationalism placing it also in the context of current political circumstances. The results of the research indicate that Ukrainian nationalism has its origins in Western Ukraine and then it spread from the West of Ukraine to the eastern parts of the country. As a consequence of the latest events; the Euromaidan Revolution, and the ongoing war with Russia, Ukrainian nationalism is being re-shaped and re-constructed. Those events caused also the resurrection of Stepan Bandera’s myth which is associated with Western Ukraine Daha fazlası Daha az

Critical stance in popular/postmodern literary magazines: mainstream or alternative?

Özonur, Defne | Tekin, Vildan

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

It is possible to say that a new era has begun in the field of literary journalism in the last ten years. Magazines in this new format, one of the products of popular culture produced for mass consumption; use left figures in their cover designs and left values ​​in their content and define/introduce themselves as "left". In these magazines, the oppositional language of the youth subculture and the ironic, sarcastic, and humorous language that emerged after the Gezi resistance stand out. For this reason, the approach that the magazines are an alternative symbolic field of struggle is common, both in academic studies and in the cultu . . .ral field. In another approach, attention is drawn to the fact that magazines are products of the culture industry and commodify literature/art. In this study, it is claimed that the critical stance put forward by the magazines deemed appropriate to be called popular/postmodern literary magazines reproduces the dominant ideology. It has been tried to reveal the philosophical framework of the current critical stance in the magazines with examples of idealism, the cultural framework of postmodernism, and the theoretical framework of postMarxism. The existence of these frameworks implies the reproduction of the dominant ideology. In this study, it is aimed to draw attention to the relationship between philosophy, culture and social conditions based on these frameworks. It is a common phenomenon that what is presented "critically" in academic studies and in the cultural field intersects with what is "sovereign" and even serves it. In this way, it produces a "criticality" suitable for its own interests by breaking the "sovereign" and "critical" out of its context. In this study, which uses the Marxist approach and its method, dialectic, the popular/postmodern literary magazines Ot, Kafa and Bavul were examined based on the concept of criticism. Keywords: Criticism; Idealism; Left Melancholy; Popular/Postmodern Literary Magazines; Postmodernism; PostMarxism Daha fazlası Daha az

Hekimin Tıbbi Müdahaleden Kaynaklanan Tazminat Sorumluluğu

Dinar, Refik Cem | Yenidünya, Aysun

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe Üniversitesi Akademik ve Açık Erişim Bilgi Sistemi

Tıp biliminin gelişmesi, hekime olan güvenin artmasına ve buna bağlı olarak hastaların da hekime başvurma oranının artmasına sebep olmuştur. Bu durum, 'hekimin uyguladığı tıbbi müdahaleden kaynaklanan sorumluluğu' konusunu da gündeme getirmiştir. Çalışmamızın konusu özel hukuk çerçevesinde hekimin tıbbi müdahaleden kaynaklanan tazminat sorumluluğunun incelenmesidir. Çalışmamızda üç ana bölüm yer almaktadır. İlk bölümde hukuka uygun tıbbi müdahalenin şartlarına yer verilmiştir. İkinci bölümde, hekimin hukuki sorumluluğunun kaynakları, sözleşmesel sorumluluk ve sözleşme dışı sorumluluk kapsamında ayrı ayrı irdelenmiştir. Üçüncü ve son . . . bölümde, hekimin tazminat sorumluluğu ve tazminat davalarında yargılama usulü ele alınmıştır. Çalışmamızda konunun sınırlandırılabilmesi amacıyla, hekimin özel hukuk kapsamında sorumluluğu incelenmiş olup, idari, cezai ve disiplin sorumluluğu kapsam dışı bırakılmıştır Daha fazlası Daha az

International Gold Prices, Gold Reserves of Central Banks and Debt Stocks Relationship: Analysis Among G8 Countries

Canözkan, Ergün

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Gold is a commodity that has been used to protect the wealth of not only people but also organizations and states from past to present. For this reason, countries prefer to keep some of their reserves as gold through their central banks. At the financial macroeconomic level, the primary goal of countries is to sustain a healthy economic growth. However, when the economies of developed countries are examined, especially when the economic growth rate of the G8 countries, which are called the strongest countries class, is examined, it is seen that the public debt ratio is very high, which increases the risk levels of the countries. . . . Therefore, it is expected that the gold reserve demands of these countries will be in a causal relationship with international gold prices. In this study, the causality relationship between the public debt stock of countries, international gold prices and gold reserve of countries is investigated based on this question. The country sample is based on the quarter between 2008 and 2020 of the G8 country group. The analysis method has been utilized by econometric methods and the relationship between variables has been examined with panel granger causality analysis. As a result, a unidirectional causality relationship has been found between the debt stock of countries and international gold prices, and between gold reservoirs and debt stock Daha fazlası Daha az

Evaluation of Kitsch Art in a Consumer Society by the Art Educators

Marangoz, Selvin

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Kitsch, like many art concepts, went beyond the boundaries of art and began to affect individuals and society. In consumer society, many imitations, cheap, serial, fake products and repetitions of their have been proliferated. With its lack of artistic concern, creativity and originality, kitsch products have caused art to lose its autonomy and enter into a commercial configuration. In this study, a survey study was conducted to reach art educators' opinions about Kitsch products. Educators working in various departments of Fine Arts Faculties were emailed and asked if they agreed with the study opinion. It was considered that the m . . .ost important points of the literature review were utilized to develop survey questions, which included demographic questions and propositions. According to the questionnaire responses, all of the educators regard kitsch as an industrial object for decorative purpose that is aesthetically deficient and entertaining to society. However, this study show that, while the great majority of faculty members do not purchase kitsch objects, a significant proportion of them argue that not all bad art should be labeled as kitsch. According to this study, which supports literature review, art educators are concerned about the rising consumption of kitsch items, as well as the commercialization of art, creativity, and uniqueness, and its service to capitalism. In the survey findings, different outcomes were obtained based on age groupings. Participants were indecisive whether kitsch was aesthetically deficient, and no clear conclusions were obtained. While 25 - 35 year olds are indecisive on whether kitsch is art, 36-45 year olds are strongly opposed, while 46-59 year olds are more open to kitsch Daha fazlası Daha az

The Turkish Right and the Republican People's Party - The Case of 1977 General Elections

Arslan, Fahri Kaan

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The definition of ideological cleavage in Turkish political life through the concepts of right and left began with the orientation of the Republican People's Party to the Left of Center in the 1960s. This separation evolved into a deep polarization and social crisis that would turn into a low-intensity civil war during the 1970s. The 1977 General Elections were held in this crisis atmosphere. In this framework, the political characteristics of the period within the scope of our study have been tried to be scrutinized through the right-left divergence. This thesis aims to analyze the points of convergence and divergence in the discou . . .rses of right-wing politics in Türkiye towards the RPP in the context of the 1977 elections. In that regard, the Justice Party, the National Salvation Party, and the Nationalist Movement Party were chosen as the subjects of our study, representing different ideologies of Turkish Right. The study's scope will be limited to the parties' official discourses: election campaign documents, radio speeches of party elites, and statements of party leaders, which will be evaluated Daha fazlası Daha az

Impact of IFRS-16 Lease Standard on Financial Statements of Transportation and Storage Companies: Evidence from Bist

Abdullahi, Mukhtar Farah

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) have been implemented by firms around the globe to make financial information internationally consistent and comparable. The newly established international financial reporting standard (IFRS-16, "Leases") requires recognition of certain old off-balance-sheet assets and liabilities resulting from operating leases under the International Accounting Standard 17 (IAS 17). The objective of this research aims to employ financial statement items and ratios to investigate how the new leasing standard IFRS-16 affected financial statements following its first implementation in January 20 . . .19. The transportation and storage sector, which the IASB's impact analysis identifies as one of the industries that would be impacted the most has been looked into in this context. This study covers firms included in the transportation and storage sector that are traded in BIST (Borsa İstanbul) as of 2020 Daha fazlası Daha az

Absurdism in Communication Based on Albert Camus

Durak, Gülberk

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Albert Camus, one of the pioneers of existentialism and absurdism, identified the search for meaning in a meaningless universe as "absurd" by defining the limits of absurdism in his work The Myth of Sisyphus. According to him, a person knows that he will die while trying to add value to his life. This contradiction brings out the "absurd". Because death is a tragic end for Man. Another absurd work of Albert Camus, The Stranger is dominated by an incongruous sensibility. This novel of Camus, who argues that the world is absurd and meaningless, is considered one of the most important works of philosophy of the 20th century. The me . . .aninglessness of life, alienation from the environment and oneself, and indifference are at the forefront in the novel. Albert Camus, who has very influential works all over the world, knew today's people very well and expressed the problems of alienation and lack of communication in societies in a foresight way in 1942. In The Stranger, studies on absurd philosophy were carried out at the level of master's degree and doctorate, by considering other works of Camus. Some of these studies have dealt with Camus' philosophy of "absurd" by comparing existentialism, while others have touched on the concept of absurd in the context of the works. In my thesis titled “Absurdism in Communication Based on Albert Camus”, I focused on the alienation caused by absurdism by taking Albert Camus's novel The Stranger, which tells the story of absurdism, and examined the absurd communication and alienation of today's people by using In-depth Interview method, based on reasons such as socioeconomic, cultural and digitalization Daha fazlası Daha az

İngiliz Kaynaklarında Midhat Paşa’nın Avrupa Sürgünü

Işıklar, Kemal İnanç

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe Üniversitesi Akademik ve Açık Erişim Bilgi Sistemi

Bu çalışmada ünlü Osmanlı Devlet adamı Ahmet Şefik Midhat Paşa’nın II. Sadareti sırasında ve ilk Osmanlı Anayasası olan Kanun-i Esasi’nin ilan edilip, ilk Osmanlı Parlamentosu’nun kurulmasından hemen sonra Sultan Abdülhamid tarafından Avrupa’ya sürgün edilmesi süreci ele alınmaktadır. Sultan Abdülhamid’e yazdığı sitem dolu bir tezkireden altı gün sonra azledilerek İzzeddin Vapuru ile kendi isteği doğrultusunda İtalya’nın Brindisi limanına götürülmüş, yaklaşık yirmi ay Avrupa’da sürgünde bulunduktan sonra Sultan Abdülhamid’in iradesi ile Girit’te ikamet etmek üzere geri çağrılmıştır. Midhat Paşa’ya verilen bu sürgün cezası iç ve dış . . .kamuoyunda tepki ile karşılanmış, Midhat Paşa Avrupa’da bulunduğu süre boyunca önemli bir devlet adamı olarak karşılanmış ve büyük bir ilgi görmüştür This study evaluates the political exile of the famous Ottoman statesman Ahmet Sefik Midhat Pasha to Europe by Sultan Abdul Hamid during his second term of grand vizierate. Midhat Pasha was sent to exile after the proclaimation of the Ottoman constitution, Kanun-i Esasi and the establishment of the first Ottoman Parliament. Only six days after he wrote a reproachful letter to Sultan Abdülhamid, he was dismissed and taken to the Italian port of Brindisi by the Izzeddin Ferry at his own request and after being in exile in Europe for about twenty months, he was recalled to reside in Crete by the will of Sultan Abdul Hamid. The exile sentence given to Midhat Pasha was met with a reaction from the domestic and foreign public opinion and Midhat Pasha was welcomed as an important statesman and received great attention during his stay in Europe Daha fazlası Daha az

Türk - Yunan Nüfus Mübadelesinin Sonuçlarının Mudanya İlçesi Ölçeğinde Değerlendirilmesi

Soğuksu, Hatice Ayser

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe Üniversitesi Akademik ve Açık Erişim Bilgi Sistemi

Lozan görüşmelerinde uygulanmasına karar verilen uzun tartışma ve görüşmelerden sonra 30 Ocak 1923 tarihinde Türk-Yunan Nüfus Mübadelesi onaylanmıştır. Dönemin olağanüstü şartlarının gerekli kıldığı nüfus mübadelesi, 2 milyondan fazla insanın hayatını derinden etkilemiş, vatan bildikleri topraklardan koparmış, pek çok kaybın yaşanmasına sebep olmuştur. Mübadele Anlaşması ile öncesinde fiilen başlayan karşılıklı göç hareketine, resmi nitelik getirilmiştir. Bursa ve Mudanya ilçesi, her yönüyle tam bir göçmen şehridir. Gayrimüslim nüfusun yoğun olarak yaşadığı, dolayısıyla gayrimüslimlerden kalan emlakın da çok olduğu yerlerin başında . . .gelmektedir. Bunun yanında zengin tarım olanakları ve gelişmiş endüstrisi ile önemli bir iskân alanıdır. Bursa’ya toplam 33.000, Mudanya’ya 6.000 mübadil yerleştirilmiştir. Mudanya Limanı, mübadillerin yoğun olarak ülkeye giriş yaptığı önemli limanlardan biridir. Mudanya ile ilkim ve ürün çeşitliliği benzer özellikte olduğu için özellikle Girit ve Kavala bölgesinden gelen göçmenler iskân edilmiştir Araştırmamızda, Mudanya mübadilleri özelinde, bugün de önemini koruyan göç konusunda geçmişte yaşadığımız toplumsal tecrübelerden, günümüze ait çıkarımlarda bulunmaya çalıştık. Mudanya’da sosyal yaşam, mübadeleye hazırlık çalışmaları, sevk ve iskân faaliyetleri, mübadelenin yerel ekonomiye etkileri ve mübadelenin sonuçları konuları incelenmiştir Daha fazlası Daha az

Orientalism and Nostalgia in British Travel Writing on The Balkans

Talay, Haluk İhsan

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

The main purpose of this study is to examine the orientalist and nostalgic conditions as well as images reflected in British travel writers, specifically in Patrick Leigh Fermor’s travel trilogy consisting of A Time of Gifts (1977), Between the Woods and Water (1986) and A Broken Road: From the Iron Gates to Mount Athos (2013), and Georgina Harding’s In Another Europe: A Journey into Romania (1990). This work mainly utilizes theories regarding orientalism such as those of Edward Said, Andre Gingrich and Maria Todorova, in addition to Joep Leerssen’s theory of imagology and Svetlana Boym’s theories of nostalgia. Furthermore, this the . . .sis aspires to underline the orientalist conditions in the said works, by providing imagological examples that support these conditions and how they interact with nostalgic conditions felt or observed by authors. The orientalist conditions are handled in correlation with the conditions of the interwar period and the end of the cold war while the images reproduced by various peoples are underlined as contributing factors for both orientalist and nostalgic discourse Daha fazlası Daha az

Mezopotamya Mitolojisinin Fantastik İllüstrasyon Sanatına Etkisi ve Gılgamış Efsanesinin Yeniden İllüstratif Yorumu

Taşut, Kübra

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe Üniversitesi Akademik ve Açık Erişim Bilgi Sistemi

İllüstrasyon; bir düşünceyi, metni, kelimeyi, durumu ya da kavramı geleneksel, deneysel ya da dijital teknikler ile resimleyen sanattır. İlk çizgili ve renkli anlatı örnekleri mağara resimlerinde görülmektedir. Bu ilkel çizgili alıntılar, mağara dışında yaşanan günlük av maceraları, başka kabilelerle yaşanan çatışma sahneleri, yolculuk serüvenleri gibi olayları, mağara içinde yaşayan koruma altındaki ailelere bir tür duvara çizilmiş masal anlatıyor diyebiliriz. Hem dışarıda olanlar anlatılıyor hem de tehlikelere dikkat çekiliyor. İllüstrasyon tanımına uyan bu ilkel örnekler, tarihin ilk illüstrasyon örnekleri olarak yerlerini al . . .mışlardır. Daha kapsamlı ve gelişmiş olarak, günümüze kadar ulaşmış olan Mısır hiyeroglifinin keşfi, iletişimle illüstrasyon sanatını kaynaştırmıştır. Mezopotamya’da ise her türlü iletişime rağmen, çivi yazısı tabir edilen bir anlatı kültürü gelişmiş ve kil tabletler kullanılmıştır. Asur, Babil, Sümer ve Hitit uygarlıkları, bu olanaklar içerisinde kültürlerini günümüze taşımışlardır. Gılgamış efsanesi, bu kültürün ürünü olarak günümüze kadar gelebilmiştir. Daha batıda Yunan ve Roma uygarlıkları daha da ileri gidip ilk alfabeyi keşfetmiş, iletişime bambaşka bir boyut kazandırmıştır. Dilden dile dolaşan mitolojik destan ve hikayeler yazıya dökülmüş, günümüze kadar gelen önemli edebi kaynakları oluşturmuşlardır. Homeros’un İlyada’sı bu örneklerden biridir. Bu geniş coğrafyanın kültür birikimleri çok renkli ve zengin mitolojik kaynaklara neden olmuştur. Çeşitli efsaneler, masallar, kahramanlıklar birbirleriyle kaynaşarak, fantastik sanatta muhteşem eserler yaratan sanatçılar yetiştirmiştir. İllüstrasyon gerçek anlamda, Orta çağda kitap resimlemelerinde tutucu ve baskıcı bir dönem geçirdi. Rönesansla birlikte illüstrasyon sanatı, sanatçılarına, bütün geçmişin birikimiyle, özgürlük kapılarını ardına kadar açtı ve sanat her boyutuyla zirveye ulaştı. O zamana kadar yazılan ve yaşayan bütün metinli eserler, illüstrasyon sanatıyla görselleştirildi ve fantastik illüstrasyon, ilk eserlerini bu metinlerin teşvikiyle vermeye başladı. Bütün bu fantastik kültür birikimlerinden sadece biri olan Gılgamış destanını yeniden illüstre edebilmiş şansını yakalamış olmak ve başarmak, benim için büyük bir gurur ve ödünçtür Daha fazlası Daha az

6698 sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu kapsamında yükümlülüklerimiz ve çerez politikamız hakkında bilgi sahibi olmak için alttaki bağlantıyı kullanabilirsiniz.

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