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Gain-bandwidth product for aperture-coupled antennas

Bilgiç, M.M. | Yegin, K.

Conference Object | 2013 | 2013 Computational Electromagnetics Workshop, CEM 2013 , pp.21 - 22

Bandwidth, gain, and HPBW are the most essential design characteristics in antenna design. Other features such as cross polarization ratio, front-to-back ratio, in-band gain ripple, electrical height, and physical dimensions also play a critical role in the design. It is difficult to define a common figure-of-merit (FOM) that includes all these metrics, but we present several FOM applicable for aperture coupled antennas. Various nonresonant and resonant slot coupled stacked patches are compared to each other to identify the best configuration. Integral equation based solver is used in the computational analysis.

Hardware design of seismic sensors in wireless sensor network

Koc, G. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks2013 , pp.21 - 22

Seismic sensors are invaluable for intruder detection and perimeter security. In a typical wireless sensor network application of seismic sensors, the units are battery powered and low power consumption becomes critical while fulfilling system requirements. Although many systems utilize 24-bit ADC for seismic signal processing, we employed 12-bit ADC for low power consumption. Because of this relatively low resolution ADC, preamplifier and filters require careful hardware design. We employ bidirectional T-type filtering, noise reduction, and distributed filtering between gain stages before the signal is input to ADC. The proposed de . . .sign was verified with measurements. Seismic data signals due to footsteps at varying distances were successfully measured. © 2013 Gokhan Koc and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Footstep and vehicle detection using seismic sensors in wireless sensor network: Field tests

Koç, G. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks2013 , pp.21 - 22

Extensive field tests were carried out to assess the performance of adaptive thresholds algorithm for footstep and vehicle detection using seismic sensors. Each seismic sensor unit is equipped with wireless sensor node to communicate critical data to sensor gateway. Results from 92 different test configurations were analyzed in terms of detection and classification. Hit and false alarm rates of classification algorithm were formed, and detection ranges were determined based on these results. Amplification values of low-intensity seismic data were also taken into account in the analysis. Algorithm-dependent constants such as adaptive . . . thresholds sample sizes were examined for performance. Detection and classification of seismic signals due to footstep, rain, or vehicle were successfully performed. © 2013 Gökhan Koç and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Footstep and vehicle detection using slow and quick adaptive thresholds algorithm

Koç, G. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks2013 , pp.21 - 22

An algorithm is developed for footstep, vehicle, and rain detection using seismic sensors operating in a wireless sensor network. Each standalone seismic sensor is coupled with a wireless node, and alarm conditions were evaluated at the sensor rather than at the gateway. The algorithm utilizes slow and quick adaptive thresholds to eliminate static and dynamic noise to check for any disturbance. Duration calculation and filters were used to identify the correct alarm condition. The algorithm was performed on preliminary field tests, and detection performance was verified. Footstep alarm condition up to 8 meters and vehicle presence a . . .larm condition up to 50 meters were observed. Presence of rain did not create any alarm condition. Detection based on kurtosis was also performed and shortcomings of kurtosis especially for vehicle detection were discussed, proposed algorithm has minimal load on the sensor board and its data processing unit; thus, it is energy efficient and suitable for wireless sensor alarm networks. © 2013 Gökhan Koç and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Tutorial on the design of hole-slot-type cavity magnetron using CST particle studio

Isenlik, T. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2013 | IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science41 ( 2 ) , pp.296 - 304

We present a simple design method for the hole-slot-type cavity magnetron. Our design model includes all principal parts of magnetron, namely, the cathode, the resonant system, the interaction space, and the magnetic circuit. We first find structural, electrical, and magnetic parameters using empirical formulas. Then, using empirical values as initial guesses, we build and simulate the 3-D model of magnetron in CST Particle Studio. In CST, we show that the eigenmode solver is essential for proper mode excitation; then, we use particle tracking and particle-in-cell simulations for the desired magnetron operation. For a fast convergen . . .t result, we study the impact of design parameters on the magnetron performance. We apply this design procedure to an X-band hole-slot-type magnetron with eight resonators. We believe that our method provides designers a simple, fast, and reliable tool for hole-slot-type magnetron design. © 2012 IEEE Daha fazlası Daha az

Prompt and delayed fluorescences

Yegin, K. | Karaaslan, Ş.I. | Aslan, N.

Editorial | 2012 | International Journal of Photoenergy2012 , pp.296 - 304

[No abstract available]

Design an ultra-low-noise S-band amplifier

Yegin, K.

Article | 2012 | EDN57 ( 11 ) , pp.47 - 48

[No abstract available]

Resonance fluorescence of fused silica by the depopulation of the ground state

Bayrakceken, F. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Photoenergy2012 , pp.47 - 48

Spectroscopically pure fused silica has been used in many applications ranging from optoelectronics and optical fibers to laser flash spectroscopy. Although ultraviolet light irradiated optical absorption spectra and coherence fluorescence of silicon dioxide have been studied in the past, we present discrete absorption and resonance coherent fluorescence line of silicon dioxide which were recorded photographically at 288.2 nm. This discrete fluorescence is observed at room temperature using high photon flux (1024 photon/pulse) excitation spectroscopy. © 2012 Fuat Bayrakceken and Korkut Yegin.

Surface plasmon-enhanced nanoantenna for localized fluorescence

Kocakarin, I. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Antennas and Propagation2012 , pp.47 - 48

Surface plasmon-enhanced gold nanoantenna structures on glass substrate are studied for increased localized electric field and fluorescence at the feed gap locations of the antennas. Dipole, Archimedean balanced spiral, and bowtie and double bowtie geometries are studied for surface plasmon effect. Different flare angles for bowtie geometries are compared to each other. Double bowtie geometry with dual polarization capability exhibited superior performance with almost 56 dB field enhancement factor. We also studied the effect of substrate thickness on electric field enhancement and we found that glass thickness plays a critical role . . . for coherent addition of surface plasmons at the feed gap location. The surface plasmon effect is proven by considering perfect electric conductor model of gold instead of its modified Drude model. © 2012 Isa Kocakarin and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

Absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy of 1,2: 3,4-dibenzanthracene

Bayrakceken, F. | Yegin, K. | Korkmaz, E. | Bakis, Y. | Unal, B.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Photoenergy2012 , pp.47 - 48

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compound, 1,2: 3,4-dibenzanthracene, is spectroscopically analyzed in ethanol. Ultraviolet absorption spectra were taken and fluorescence measurements were performed. From absorption and emission spectra, Stokes' lines were clearly discernible and these shifts were recorded. Being a carcinogenic compound, the detection of 1,2: 3,4-dibenzanthracene presence in the environment as a pollutant with adverse genotoxic effects is vital. © 2012 Fuat Bayrakceken et al.

Long-term effects of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from mobile phone on testicular tissue and epididymal semen quality

Tas, M. | Dasdag, S. | Akdag, M.Z. | Cirit, U. | Yegin, K. | Seker, U. | Eren, L.B.

Article | 2014 | Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine33 ( 3 ) , pp.216 - 222

The purpose of this study is to bridge this gap by investigating effects of long term 900 MHz mobile phone exposure on reproductive organs of male rats. The study was carried out on 14 adult Wistar Albino rats by dividing them randomly into two groups (n: 7) as sham group and exposure group. Rats were exposed to 900 MHz radiofrequency (RF) radiation emitted from a GSM signal generator. Point, 1 g and 10 g specific absorption rate (SAR) levels of testis and prostate were found as 0.0623 W/kg, 0.0445 W/kg and 0.0373 W/kg, respectively. The rats in the exposure group were subject to RF radiation 3 h per day (7 d a week) for one year. F . . .or the sham group, the same procedure was applied, except the generator was turned off. At the end of the study, epididymal sperm concentration, progressive sperm motility, abnormal sperm rate, all-genital organs weights and testis histopathology were evaluated. Any differences were not observed in sperm motility and concentration (p > 0.05). However, the morphologically normal spermatozoa rates were found higher in the exposure group (p < 0.05). Although histological examination showed similarity in the seminiferous tubules diameters in both groups, tunica albuginea thickness and the Johnsen testicular biopsy score were found lower in the exposure group (p < 0.05, p < 0.0001). In conclusion, we claim that long-term exposure of 900 MHz RF radiation alter some reproductive parameters. However, more supporting evidence and research is definitely needed on this topic. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted Daha fazlası Daha az

Fluorescence, decay time, and structural change of laser dye cresyl violet in solution due to microwave irradiation at GSM 900/1800 mobile phone frequencies

Bayrakceken, F. | Yegin, K.

Article | 2012 | International Journal of Photoenergy2012 , pp.216 - 222

Microwave irradiation at GSM 900/1800 MHz mobile phone frequencies affects the electronic structure of cresyl violet in solution. These changes are important because laser-dye cresyl violet strongly bonds to DNA- and RNA-rich cell compounds in nerve tissues. The irradiation effects on the electronic structure of cresyl violet and its fluorescence data were all obtained experimentally at room temperature. For most laser dyes, this is not a trivial task because laser dye molecules possess a relatively complex structure. They usually consist of an extended system of conjugated double or aromatic ?-bonds with attached auxochromic (elect . . .ron donating) groups shifting the absorption band further towards longer wavelength. Because of the intrinsically high degree of conjugation, the vibrational modes of the molecular units couple strongly with each other. We found that the fluorescence quantum yield was increased from 0.54 ± 0.03 to 0.75 ± 0.01 due to intramolecular energy hopping of cresyl violet in solution which is exposed to microwave irradiation at mobile phone frequencies, and the photonic product cannot be used as a laser dye anymore. © 2012 Fuat Bayrakceken and Korkut Yegin Daha fazlası Daha az

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