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Filtreler
Framing of the Annan Plan in print media: A comparative analysis

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

This dissertation presents a comparative analysis of headline articles, op-eds, and cartoons on the Annan Plan that appeared in Turkish Cypriot, Greek Cypriot, Turkish and Greek newspapers in the month preceding the twin referenda held on 24 April 2002. The dissertation provides a content analysis of 12 newspapers central to the issue: Afrika, Kıbrıs, Vatan, Charavgi, Fileleftheros, Cumhuriyet, Milliyet, Yeni Şafak, Rizospastis, Ta Nea and Kathimerini. The research primarily investigates the patterns of similarity and difference in the use of “win-win”, “win-lose”, “lose-lose”, “there is no alternative”, and “risky gambling” frames . . .in print media... By employing content analysis, the collected data from 12 newspapers across three main themes (articles, op-eds, and cartoons) are coded through a detailed codebook. The findings of the study indicate that the game theoretical frames were not only used to present the “yes” or “no” choices by pro-yes and pro-no newspapers, but newspapers with a critical stance refuted the game theoretical logic when questioning the legitimacy of the referendum itself. In this sense, the logic of game theory and prospect theory appears at the backbone of the referendum and how it was framed by print media. Findings also point out that this logic originates from policymakers and then finds its place in the print media. Finally, this dissertation sheds light on the complexity of a multiparty conflict where primary and secondary parties adhere to the Mediterranean Media Model. The research combines several disciplines such as political science, media studies, social psychology, and conflict analysis and resolution, drawing from the related literature. Last but not the least, the comparative content analysis offers an important tool for further research in this domain that could be applied in other cases. Daha fazlası Daha az

Turkey and brain migration: Policies formed from push and pull perspectives and effects on brain drain

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Brain drain, which is defined as the departure of well-educated human capital to another geography, was noticed by England, which lost its qualified power to other countries in 1945 and increased rapidly after the 1960s with the effect of globalization. Countries such as the USA, UK and Germany have developed important brain drain policies from a push and pull perspective. Turkey has also developed important policies such as university reforms. In the following periods, within the scope of Five-Year Development Planning, although TÜBİTAK 2232 developed policies to pull reverse brain drain and Turquoise Card to pull foreign brain mig . . .ration, Turkey was late in putting the brain drain on its political agenda. In this thesis, “Turkey and Brain Migration: Policies Formed from a Push and Pull Perspectives and Effects on Brain Drain” is examined and chronologically from its own historical depths, starting from the early republican period, mainly within the scope of the Five-Year Development Planning. Turquoise Card and TÜBİTAK 2232 reverse brain drain policies are also included. The effect of Turkey's brain migration policies, including the push and pull effect, is analyzed. In addition, the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and dangers of these effects were evaluated with SWOT analysis. Additionally, the Brain Drain Policy has been conceptualized. This study was compiled from his thesis titled “Turkey and Brain Migration: Policies Formed from Push and Pull Perspectives and Its Effects on Brain Drain Daha fazlası Daha az

The impact of economic sanctions as a foreign policy instrument: the example of U.S. Sanctions on Russian energy industry

Preprint | 2023 | Yeditepe University Academic and Open Access Information System

Economic sanctions, especially during the twentieth century, emerged as a foreign policy tool. Economic sanctions were a perfect tool of the Cold War as a deterrent for employing military power. The main objective of employing economic sanctions is to make the other party to reexamine and potentially revise its policies causing the unrest, and ultimately comply with the requirements of the coercer. However today the level of effectiveness of employing economic sanctions as foreign policy instrument is subject to wide debate. This study is prepared with the objective of contributing to the debate using a case study to answer the ques . . .tion of whether economic sanctions are a viable deterrent to achieve the desired outcome. In the study we examined whether the US sanctions placed on the Russian energy sector was an effective deterrent after Russia’s annexation of Crimea. The study examined the background and the purpose of these sanctions and evaluate their effectiveness by discussing their impact on the Russian energy sector. This case study helps to answer the broader question of the efficacy of economic sanctions. Based on this case study, we argue that a better way to assess whether the sanctions reach their desired outcome is to consider the overall profile of the country that is the subject of sanctions.This study was compiled from the author’sthesis, titled as “The Impact of Economic Sanctions as a Foreign Policy Instrument: The Example of U.S. Sanctions on Russian Energy Industry” Daha fazlası Daha az

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